Ten Mathematical Essays On Approximation In Analysis And Topology

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Author: Juan Ferrera
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080459196
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Ten Mathematical Essays On Approximation In Analysis And Topology by Juan Ferrera

Original Title: Ten Mathematical Essays On Approximation In Analysis And Topology

This book collects 10 mathematical essays on approximation in Analysis and Topology by some of the most influent mathematicians of the last third of the 20th Century. Besides the papers contain the very ultimate results in each of their respective fields, many of them also include a series of historical remarks about the state of mathematics at the time they found their most celebrated results, as well as some of their personal circumstances originating them, which makes particularly attractive the book for all scientist interested in these fields, from beginners to experts. These gem pieces of mathematical intra-history should delight to many forthcoming generations of mathematicians, who will enjoy some of the most fruitful mathematics of the last third of 20th century presented by their own authors. This book covers a wide range of new mathematical results. Among them, the most advanced characterisations of very weak versions of the classical maximum principle, the very last results on global bifurcation theory, algebraic multiplicities, general dependencies of solutions of boundary value problems with respect to variations of the underlying domains, the deepest available results in rapid monotone schemes applied to the resolution of non-linear boundary value problems, the intra-history of the the genesis of the first general global continuation results in the context of periodic solutions of nonlinear periodic systems, as well as the genesis of the coincidence degree, some novel applications of the topological degree for ascertaining the stability of the periodic solutions of some classical families of periodic second order equations, the resolution of a number of conjectures related to some very celebrated approximation problems in topology and inverse problems, as well as a number of applications to engineering, an extremely sharp discussion of the problem of approximating topological spaces by polyhedra using various techniques based on inverse systems, as well as homotopy expansions, and the Bishop-Phelps theorem. Key features: - It contains a number of seminal contributions by some of the most world leading mathematicians of the second half of the 20th Century. - The papers cover a complete range of topics, from the intra-history of the involved mathematics to the very last developments in Differential Equations, Inverse Problems, Analysis, Nonlinear Analysis and Topology. - All contributed papers are self-contained works containing rather complete list of references on each of the subjects covered. - The book contains some of the very last findings concerning the maximum principle, the theory of monotone schemes in nonlinear problems, the theory of algebraic multiplicities, global bifurcation theory, dynamics of periodic equations and systems, inverse problems and approximation in topology. - The papers are extremely well written and directed to a wide audience, from beginners to experts. An excellent occasion to become engaged with some of the most fruitful mathematics developed during the last decades.

Topological Methods In The Study Of Boundary Value Problems

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Author: Pablo Amster
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461488931
Size: 18.33 MB
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Topological Methods In The Study Of Boundary Value Problems by Pablo Amster

Original Title: Topological Methods In The Study Of Boundary Value Problems

This textbook is devoted to the study of some simple but representative nonlinear boundary value problems by topological methods. The approach is elementary, with only a few model ordinary differential equations and applications, chosen in such a way that the student may avoid most of the technical difficulties and focus on the application of topological methods. Only basic knowledge of general analysis is needed, making the book understandable to non-specialists. The main topics in the study of boundary value problems are present in this text, so readers with some experience in functional analysis or differential equations may also find some elements that complement and enrich their tools for solving nonlinear problems. In comparison with other texts in the field, this one has the advantage of a concise and informal style, thus allowing graduate and undergraduate students to enjoy some of the beauties of this interesting branch of mathematics. Exercises and examples are included throughout the book, providing motivation for the reader.

Sobolev Spaces In Mathematics Ii

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Author: Vladimir Maz'ya
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387856501
Size: 18.33 MB
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Sobolev Spaces In Mathematics Ii by Vladimir Maz'ya

Original Title: Sobolev Spaces In Mathematics Ii

Sobolev spaces become the established and universal language of partial differential equations and mathematical analysis. Among a huge variety of problems where Sobolev spaces are used, the following important topics are the focus of this volume: boundary value problems in domains with singularities, higher order partial differential equations, local polynomial approximations, inequalities in Sobolev-Lorentz spaces, function spaces in cellular domains, the spectrum of a Schrodinger operator with negative potential and other spectral problems, criteria for the complete integration of systems of differential equations with applications to differential geometry, some aspects of differential forms on Riemannian manifolds related to Sobolev inequalities, Brownian motion on a Cartan-Hadamard manifold, etc. Two short biographical articles on the works of Sobolev in the 1930s and the foundation of Akademgorodok in Siberia, supplied with unique archive photos of S. Sobolev are included.

Progress In Variational Methods

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Author: Chungen Liu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814327832
Size: 37.14 MB
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Progress In Variational Methods by Chungen Liu

Original Title: Progress In Variational Methods

In the last forty years, nonlinear analysis has been broadly and rapidly developed. Lectures presented in the International Conference on Variational Methods at the Chern Institute of Mathematics in Tianjin of May 2009 reflect this development from different angles. This volume contains articles based on lectures in the following areas of nonlinear analysis: critical point theory, Hamiltonian dynamics, partial differential equations and systems, KAM theory, bifurcation theory, symplectic geometry, geometrical analysis, and celestial mechanics. Combinations of topological, analytical (especially variational), geometrical, and algebraic methods in these researches play important roles. In this proceedings, introductory materials on new theories and surveys on traditional topics are also given. Further perspectives and open problems on hopeful research topics in related areas are described and proposed. Researchers, graduate and postgraduate students from a wide range of areas in mathematics and physics will find contents in this proceedings are helpful.

History Of Topology

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Author: I.M. James
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080534077
Size: 47.52 MB
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History Of Topology by I.M. James

Original Title: History Of Topology

Topology, for many years, has been one of the most exciting and influential fields of research in modern mathematics. Although its origins may be traced back several hundred years, it was Poincaré who "gave topology wings" in a classic series of articles published around the turn of the century. While the earlier history, sometimes called the prehistory, is also considered, this volume is mainly concerned with the more recent history of topology, from Poincaré onwards. As will be seen from the list of contents the articles cover a wide range of topics. Some are more technical than others, but the reader without a great deal of technical knowledge should still find most of the articles accessible. Some are written by professional historians of mathematics, others by historically-minded mathematicians, who tend to have a different viewpoint.

Inverse Problems

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Author: Alexander G. Ramm
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780387231952
Size: 65.69 MB
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Inverse Problems by Alexander G. Ramm

Original Title: Inverse Problems

Inverse Problems is a monograph which contains a self-contained presentation of the theory of several major inverse problems and the closely related results from the theory of ill-posed problems. The book is aimed at a large audience which include graduate students and researchers in mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences and in the area of numerical analysis.

Dynamics Of Infinite Dimensional Systems

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Author: Shui-Nee Chow
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642864589
Size: 21.23 MB
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Dynamics Of Infinite Dimensional Systems by Shui-Nee Chow

Original Title: Dynamics Of Infinite Dimensional Systems

The 1986 NATO Advanced Study Insti tute on Dynamics of Infini te Dimensional Systems was held at the Instituto Superior Tecnico. Lisbon. Portugal. In recent years. there have been several research workers who have been considering partial differential equations and functional differential equations as dynamical systems on function spaces. Such approaches have led to the formulation of more theoretical problems that need to be investigated. In the applications. the theoretical ideas have contributed significantly to a better understanding of phenomena that have been experimentally and computationally observed. The investigators of this development come wi th several different backgrounds - some from classical partial differential equations. some from classical ordinary differential equations and some interested in specific applications. Each group has special ideas and often these ideas have not been transmitted from one group to another. The purpose of this NATO Workshop was to bring together research workers from these various areas. It provided asoundboard for the impact of the ideas of each respective discipline. We believe that goal was accomplished. but time will be a better judge. We have included the list of participants at the workshop. with most of these giving a presentation. Although the proceedings do not include all of the presentations. it is a good representative sampie. We wish to express our gratitude to NATO. and.to Dr. M. di Lullo of NATO. who unfortunately did not live to see the completion of this project.

A Concise Course In Algebraic Topology

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Author: J. P. May
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226511832
Size: 63.17 MB
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A Concise Course In Algebraic Topology by J. P. May

Original Title: A Concise Course In Algebraic Topology

Algebraic topology is a basic part of modern mathematics, and some knowledge of this area is indispensable for any advanced work relating to geometry, including topology itself, differential geometry, algebraic geometry, and Lie groups. This book provides a detailed treatment of algebraic topology both for teachers of the subject and for advanced graduate students in mathematics either specializing in this area or continuing on to other fields. J. Peter May's approach reflects the enormous internal developments within algebraic topology over the past several decades, most of which are largely unknown to mathematicians in other fields. But he also retains the classical presentations of various topics where appropriate. Most chapters end with problems that further explore and refine the concepts presented. The final four chapters provide sketches of substantial areas of algebraic topology that are normally omitted from introductory texts, and the book concludes with a list of suggested readings for those interested in delving further into the field.

An Introduction To Manifolds

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Author: Loring W. Tu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441974008
Size: 56.39 MB
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An Introduction To Manifolds by Loring W. Tu

Original Title: An Introduction To Manifolds

Manifolds, the higher-dimensional analogs of smooth curves and surfaces, are fundamental objects in modern mathematics. Combining aspects of algebra, topology, and analysis, manifolds have also been applied to classical mechanics, general relativity, and quantum field theory. In this streamlined introduction to the subject, the theory of manifolds is presented with the aim of helping the reader achieve a rapid mastery of the essential topics. By the end of the book the reader should be able to compute, at least for simple spaces, one of the most basic topological invariants of a manifold, its de Rham cohomology. Along the way, the reader acquires the knowledge and skills necessary for further study of geometry and topology. The requisite point-set topology is included in an appendix of twenty pages; other appendices review facts from real analysis and linear algebra. Hints and solutions are provided to many of the exercises and problems. This work may be used as the text for a one-semester graduate or advanced undergraduate course, as well as by students engaged in self-study. Requiring only minimal undergraduate prerequisites, 'Introduction to Manifolds' is also an excellent foundation for Springer's GTM 82, 'Differential Forms in Algebraic Topology'.

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