Cerebral Visual Impairment In Children

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Author: Josef Zihl
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3709118158
Size: 38.55 MB
Format: PDF
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Cerebral Visual Impairment In Children by Josef Zihl


Original Title: Cerebral Visual Impairment In Children

Cerebral visual disorders have far-reaching consequences for child development. These have profound adverse effects on children’s education and success in school and also in later life, but, unfortunately, cerebral visual disorders often remain undiagnosed and untreated in the pediatric population. This book provides a state-of-the-art account of what is known about the development and disorders of visual perception in children. It covers the development and disorders of visual perception in children, their assessment, early intervention and management in an interdisciplinary context, both from a scientific as well as clinical perspective. Case studies illustrate the recommended assessment and rehabilitation procedures; synopses, boxes and check-lists complement the presentation of our recommendations for clinical practice.

Cognitive Psychology

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Author: Michael W. Eysenck
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781841693590
Size: 27.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Cognitive Psychology by Michael W. Eysenck


Original Title: Cognitive Psychology

This fifth edition of the best-selling international cognitive psychology textbook has been substantially updated and restructured to reflect new developments in cognitive psychology, and made more student-friendly. Established approaches covered in depth include: Experimental cognitive psychology Cognitive science with its focus on modelling Cognitive neuropsychology with its focus on cognition following brain damage. Extensive new material in this edition includes: Cognitive neuroscience approaches such as brain scanning and imaging studies which illustrate the principles of brain function New material on consciousness. Throughout, the new material is fully integrated with more traditional approaches to create a comprehensive, coherent and totally current overview of perception, attention, memory, concepts, language, problem solving, judgement and reasoning. A two-colour design, plus a rich array of supplementary multimedia materials, make this edition more accessible and entertaining for students. The multimedia materials include: A PowerPoint lecture course and MCQ Test Bank free to qualifying adopters A unique web-based Student Learning Program. This is an interactive revision program incorporating a rich array of multimedia resources including interactive exercises and demonstrations, and active reference links to journal articles. This is offered on a subscription basis to departments adopting the text. A free demonstration of a sample chapter is available to potential subscribers at http://www.psypress.com/ek5/ .

Embodied And Grounded Cognition

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Author: Anna Borghi
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 2889190137
Size: 65.25 MB
Format: PDF
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Embodied And Grounded Cognition by Anna Borghi


Original Title: Embodied And Grounded Cognition

In the last 10-15 years, the "embodied" and "grounded" cognition approach has become widespread in all fields related to cognitive science, such as cognitive and social psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, anthropology, computational modelling and robotics. According to this approach, our cognitive activity is grounded in sensory-motor processes and situated in specific contexts and situations. Therefore, in this view, concepts consist of the reactivation of the same neural pattern that is present when we perceive and/or interact with the objects they refer to. In the same way, understanding language would imply forming a mental simulation of what is linguistically described. This simulation would entail the recruitment of the same neurons that are activated when actually acting or perceiving the situation, action, emotion, object or entity described by language. In the last years a lot of evidence has been collected in favour of EC and GC view. The aim of this Research Topic is twofold. First, it intends to give an idea of the field of embodied and grounded cognition in its broadness. We therefore intend to invite scientists of different disciplines (anthropology, philosophy, linguistics, cognitive and social psychology, neuroscience, computer science) to submit their proposals. The second aim of this Research Topicis to focus on some challenges that in our opinion embodied and grounded theories of cognition need to face. First, we believe that one important challenge for EC and GC views is to account for the way the so-called "abstract concepts" and abstract words are represented. Evidence on the representation of concrete concepts and words is compelling, whereas evidence on abstract concepts representation is still too scarce and limited to restricted domains. We therefore welcome proposals dealing with this complex issue. Second, we think that embodied and grounded theories of cognition would need to formulate more precise hypotheses, and that in general within the field a larger theoretical effort should be made. It is striking that, even if a lot of work in the field of computational modelling and robotics starts from an embodied approach, experimental and modelling work on embodied cognition remain somehow separate. We therefore invite researchers to submit papers proposing models which might help to explain phenomena as well as to constrain and specify in more detail the predictions and the claims advanced within the framework of EC and GC theories.

Encyclopedia Of Perception

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Author: E. Bruce Goldstein
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412940818
Size: 16.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Encyclopedia Of Perception by E. Bruce Goldstein


Original Title: Encyclopedia Of Perception

Because of the ease with which we perceive, many people see perception as something that "just happens." However, even seemingly simple perceptual experiences involve complex underlying mechanisms, which are often hidden from our conscious experience. These mechanisms are being investigated by researchers and theorists in fields such as psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, computer science, and philosophy. A few examples of the questions posed by these investigations are, What do infants perceive? How does perception develop? What do perceptual disorders reveal about normal functioning? How can information from one sense, such as hearing, be affected by information from another sense, such as vision? How is the information from all of our senses combined to result in our perception of a coherent environment? What are some practical outcomes of basic research in perception? These are just a few of the questions this encyclopedia will consider, as it presents a comprehensive overview of the field of perception for students, researchers, and professionals in psychology, the cognitive sciences, neuroscience, and related medical disciplines such as neurology and ophthalmology.

Picture Perception In Animals

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Author: Joel Fagot
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134951302
Size: 56.96 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Picture Perception In Animals by Joel Fagot


Original Title: Picture Perception In Animals

Animal researchers commonly present pictures to their subjects, usually birds or monkeys, in order to infer how natural objects are perceived and conceptualised, or to discover the brain mechanisms underlying these abilities. This unique book questions the premise of this experimental approach and asks whether or not pictures can be considered as ecologically valid and realistic stimuli for animals. Leading researchers in comparative psychology and neuroscience address such questions as: "Can animals recognise objects of scenes in pictures despite variations in viewpoints?; "How do animals perceive faces?" and "Is there an equivalence, in animals' minds, between pictures and the objects they represent?". The result is an authoritative and cutting-edge survey of current knowledge in the field, which underlines the advantages, limits and risks of using pictures to infer cognitive abilities or brain mechanisms in animal studies. Picture Perception in Animals will be essential reading for comparative psychologists, anthropologists, and neuroscientists working in picture perception.

Shape Perception In Human And Computer Vision

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Author: Sven J. Dickinson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 144715195X
Size: 21.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Shape Perception In Human And Computer Vision by Sven J. Dickinson


Original Title: Shape Perception In Human And Computer Vision

This comprehensive and authoritative text/reference presents a unique, multidisciplinary perspective on Shape Perception in Human and Computer Vision. Rather than focusing purely on the state of the art, the book provides viewpoints from world-class researchers reflecting broadly on the issues that have shaped the field. Drawing upon many years of experience, each contributor discusses the trends followed and the progress made, in addition to identifying the major challenges that still lie ahead. Topics and features: examines each topic from a range of viewpoints, rather than promoting a specific paradigm; discusses topics on contours, shape hierarchies, shape grammars, shape priors, and 3D shape inference; reviews issues relating to surfaces, invariants, parts, multiple views, learning, simplicity, shape constancy and shape illusions; addresses concepts from the historically separate disciplines of computer vision and human vision using the same “language” and methods.

Progress In Motor Control

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Author: Dagmar Sternad
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387770642
Size: 33.17 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Progress In Motor Control by Dagmar Sternad


Original Title: Progress In Motor Control

This ground-breaking book brings together researchers from a wide range of disciplines to discuss the control and coordination of processes involved in perceptually guided actions. The research area of motor control has become an increasingly multidisciplinary undertaking. Understanding the acquisition and performance of voluntary movements in biological and artificial systems requires the integration of knowledge from a variety of disciplines from neurophysiology to biomechanics.

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