Biochemistry Of The Amino Acids

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Author: Alton Meister
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323161472
Size: 34.56 MB
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Biochemistry Of The Amino Acids by Alton Meister


Original Title: Biochemistry Of The Amino Acids

Biochemistry of the Amino Acids, Second Edition, Volume II focuses on the trends in research on amino acids and biochemistry. Given considerations are incorporation of amino acids into proteins, amino acid sequences, and discovery of amino acids. The first part of the book deals with intermediary metabolism of amino acids. Particularly noted are alanine, aspartic, adenylosuccinic, hydroxyaspartic acids, and asparagine. The book also has discussions on glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, serine, and sarcosine. The processes and syntheses involved in these acids are noted. Another part of the book focuses on the formation, degradation, reactions, and conversion of acids. The processes and experiments discussed are supported by numerical analysis, and the biosynthesis of acids in microorganisms is also considered. The book also notes some disorders of amino acid metabolism in humans. These disorders include cystinuria, glycinuria, ammonemia, prolinemia, maple syrup urine disease, and homocystinuria. Discussions focus on how these diseases develop and the symptoms associated with them. The book is a vital source of data for readers interested in the study of amino acids.

Amino Acids Proteins And Cancer Biochemistry

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Author: Jesse P. Greenstein
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 148327053X
Size: 59.14 MB
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Amino Acids Proteins And Cancer Biochemistry by Jesse P. Greenstein


Original Title: Amino Acids Proteins And Cancer Biochemistry

Amino Acids, Proteins, and Cancer Biochemistry focuses on the contributions of Jesse P. Greenstein to biological chemistry, including kinetics, protein mixtures, metabolism, tumors, and biosynthesis. The selection first offers information on quantitative nutritional and in vivo metabolic studies with water-soluble, chemically defined diets and internal hydrogen bonding in ribonuclease. Discussions focus on the effects of deuterium on transition temperature, kinetics of deuterium-hydrogen exchange, applications of chemically denned diets, formulation of water-soluble, chemically defined diets, and large-scale preparation of optically pure amino acids. The manuscript then examines the chromatographic evaluation of protein mixtures and observations on the activation of amino acids and biosynthesis of peptide bonds, including synthesis of phenylacetylglutamine and benzoylglycine, studies on amino acyl adenylates, and synthesis of glutamine. The publication ponders on free amino acids and related substances in normal and neoplastic tissues; nucleic acids of normal tissues and tumors; and carbohydrate metabolism in ascites tumor and HeLa cells. Topics include carbohydrate metabolism of ascites tumor cells, comparative biochemistry of glycolysis, DNA and the genetic concept of cancer, and constancy of free amino acid patterns of tissues. The selection is a valuable source of data for biochemists and researchers interested in amino acids, proteins, and cancer biochemistry.

Advances In Enzymology And Related Areas Of Molecular Biology

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Author: Alton Meister
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470123672
Size: 44.60 MB
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Advances In Enzymology And Related Areas Of Molecular Biology by Alton Meister


Original Title: Advances In Enzymology And Related Areas Of Molecular Biology

Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology is a seminal series in the field of biochemistry, offering researchers access to authoritative reviews of the latest discoveries in all areas of enzymology and molecular biology. These landmark volumes date back to 1941, providing an unrivaled view of the historical development of enzymology. The series offers researchers the latest understanding of enzymes, their mechanisms, reactions and evolution, roles in complex biological process, and their application in both the laboratory and industry. Each volume in the series features contributions by leading pioneers and investigators in the field from around the world. All articles are carefully edited to ensure thoroughness, quality, and readability. With its wide range of topics and long historical pedigree, Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology can be used not only by students and researchers in molecular biology, biochemistry, and enzymology, but also by any scientist interested in the discovery of an enzyme, its properties, and its applications.

Amino Acids

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Author: Guoyao Wu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439861900
Size: 56.29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Amino Acids by Guoyao Wu


Original Title: Amino Acids

Amino acid biochemistry and nutrition spans a broad range of fields including biochemistry, metabolism, physiology, immunology, reproduction, pathology, and cell biology. In the last half-century, there have been many conceptual and technical advancements, from analysis of amino acids by high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry to molecular cloning of transporters for amino acids and small peptides. Amino Acids: Biochemistry and Nutrition presents comprehensive coverage of these scientific developments, providing a useful reference for students and researchers in both biomedicine and agriculture. The text begins with the discoveries and basic concepts of amino acids, peptides, and proteins, and then moves to protein digestion and absorption of peptides and amino acids. Additional chapters cover cell-, tissue-, and species-specific synthesis and catabolism of amino acids and related nitrogenous substances, as well as the use of isotopes to study amino acid metabolism in cells and the body. The book also details protein synthesis and degradation, regulation of amino acid metabolism, physiological functions of amino acids, and inborn errors of amino acid metabolism. The final chapter discusses dietary requirements of amino acids by humans and other animals. While emphasizing basic principles and classical concepts of amino acid biochemistry and nutrition, the author includes recent progress in the field. This book also provides concise coverage of major historical developments of the scientific discipline, so that readers will appreciate the past, understand the current state of the knowledge, and explore the future of the field. Each chapter contains select references to provide comprehensive reviews and original experimental data on the topics discussed.

Biochemistry Of Vitamin B6

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Author: P. Christen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764319427
Size: 29.16 MB
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Biochemistry Of Vitamin B6 by P. Christen


Original Title: Biochemistry Of Vitamin B6

The ecent Vitamin Be-Meeting in Tu ku, FinLand, has continued a Long-standing t1'O.dition; it ws the seventh intemationaL congNss devoted to the "ChemicaL and BioLogicaL Aspects of Vitamin Be-Cata Lysis." The fi st meeting ws heLd 1962 in Rome foUo1JJed by the meetings in Moscow (1966), Nagoya (1967), Lening1'O.d (1974), To onto (1979), and Athens (1983). The p oceedings of a meeting p ovide a "snapshot" of a pa ticuLa fieLd of science. Not unLike the photog phic p oduct they affo d a topicaL eco of the goings-on, at pe haps the expense of some inforrmation on detaUs. These Proceedings focus on the st uctu L and mechanistic aspects of vitamin B6-dependent enaymes; h01JJeve, othe topics discussed nge f om nonenaymic eactions of vitamin B6 compounds to nut tionaL, medicaL, and even appLied indust aL as pects. The Opening Session of the Meeting ws dedicated to the memo y of the Late ALe: x: ande E. B unstein, who fifty yea s ago discove ed t nsamination as a metaboUc eaction. The contT'ibutions honoT'ing P ofesso B unstein and his Ufewo k a e coUected in the fi st section of the oceedings."

Frontiers And New Horizons In Amino Acid Research

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Author: Katsuji Takai
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
ISBN:
Size: 16.60 MB
Format: PDF
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Frontiers And New Horizons In Amino Acid Research by Katsuji Takai


Original Title: Frontiers And New Horizons In Amino Acid Research

Since the discovery of twenty amino acids in proteins, amino acid research has spread into virtually every field of sciences, identified one thousand amino acids along their paths in nature, and achieved extensive differentiation far beyond initial concepts. The above mentioned conference was organized with a view to discussing bienially the most recent developments in each of diverse, yet essentially complementary fields of amino acid research. The planned outline was to highlight the frontiers and new horizons of amino acid research and discuss their roots and coherence in the entirety of life/basic sciences spanning from cosmology to medicine. This proceedings of the conference clearly show that the time was right to allow a current overview of amino acid research and indicate promising lines of newer approaches towards, eventually, an understanding of life itself.

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