Methanogens

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Author: Frank T. Robb
Publisher: CSHL Press
ISBN: 9780879694395
Size: 70.81 MB
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Methanogens by Frank T. Robb


Original Title: Methanogens

A detailed guide to experiments with the methanogenic Archaea, with an overview that highlights areas of future development. The individual protocols consist of an introduction describing the specific applications of the techniques, step-by-step procedures for applying the protocols, and additional

Archaea A Laboratory Manual

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Author: F T Robb
Publisher: CSHL Press
ISBN: 9780879693978
Size: 70.28 MB
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Archaea A Laboratory Manual by F T Robb


Original Title: Archaea A Laboratory Manual

The protocols in these three books are selected to provide a detailed guide to experiments with the methanogenic, extremely halophilic, and thermophilic sulfur-utilizing Archaea, with overviews to highlight areas of future development. The individual protocols consist of an introduction describing the specific applications of the techniques, step-by-step procedures for applying the protocols, followed by any additional comments that will facilitate successful application of the protocol. A feature of research in this area is the interplay between microbiology, bioengineering, biochemistry, and molecular biology, and authors from all of these fields have been selected to provide these three concise and comprehensive resources for scientists interested in conducting research on the Archaea.

Extremophiles Handbook

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Author: Koki Horikoshi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431538976
Size: 72.23 MB
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Extremophiles Handbook by Koki Horikoshi


Original Title: Extremophiles Handbook

The Extremophiles Handbook brings together the rapidly growing and often scattered information on microbial life in the whole range of extreme environments. This book will be a useful reference for finding clues to the origin of life and for exploring the biotechnology potential of these fascinating organisms.

Recent Advances In Genomic And Genetic Studies In The Archaea

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Author: Frank T. Robb
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 9782889191192
Size: 25.68 MB
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Recent Advances In Genomic And Genetic Studies In The Archaea by Frank T. Robb


Original Title: Recent Advances In Genomic And Genetic Studies In The Archaea

The accumulation of archaeal genomes has lagged significantly behind the Bacteria; however, in the last several years the coverage of the major phyla of Archaea has been significantly improved. There are now multiple genomes in several important genera such as Pyrobaculum, Sulfolobus, Thermococcus/Pyrococcus, Halobacterium, Methanosarcina, Methanopyrus and Methanocaldococcus. Comparative genomic studies are now under way, and in many cases there are several consortial multilaboratory groups, such as the SulfoSys community, which have started to break into new systems biology initiatives. At the same time, access to streamlined genetic approaches in the genera Sulfolobus, Thermococcus, Methanosarcina, and Halobacterium/Haloferax has improved significantly and is leveraging the genomic information in the Archaea. The result has been that genome-driven studies of metabolism, DNA replication and repair, transcription and translation, and posttranslational processing have become more detailed and that basic research findings are burgeoning. The areas of global gene regulation, the roles of small RNAs and mechanisms of transcription and DNA replication will be focus areas in the guidelines of this Research Topic. Recently, insights into the unique characteristics of archaeal transcription and the ability to study the effects of mutation in vivo following knock-in gene replacement have resulted in incisive findings.

Thermophiles

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Author: Frank Robb
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420008852
Size: 11.64 MB
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Thermophiles by Frank Robb


Original Title: Thermophiles

We might think of them as living on the very edge of existence. Referred to as extremophiles, these microorganisms exhibit the most radical capacity for adaptation in those harsh environments that are just barely conducive to the existence of cellular life. Unlocking the mechanisms and understanding the evolutionary development that allows these simple organisms to thrive can teach us much about microbiology in extremis. Highly diverse, these microorganisms are found nearly everywhere. One example, thermophiles are microorganisms that thrive at temperatures above the mesophilic range of 25-40 degrees C. Until recently, due to their extreme environment, the study of thermophiles was limited. However with the advent of new tools, particularly genetic analysis, remarkable strides have been made. Thermophiles: Biology and Technology at High Temperatures presents a cogent summary of the progress made in studying these extremophiles. Discover how thermophiles demonstrate extremes that indicate a lack of evolutionary constraints Much is being learned from the study of thermophiles, especially our understanding of biology at the molecular level and the genetic mechanisms that permit adaptation. Included in this volume is a discussion of protective strategies of thermophiles, including their thermostability, which allow them to maintain functional proteins. It also investigates whether hyperthermophiles employ protein phosphorylation-dephosphryation as a molecular regulatory mechanism, and provides significant clues regarding the synthesis of protein. By studying this extreme example, its subtle, yet exaggerated response mechanisms, and its development over the course of many short-lived generations, we may begin to understand the mechanisms in diseases linked to improper protein folding, and also begin to more fully understand the ingenious design of DNA, and all that such an understanding implies regarding the survival of human life in a rapidly changing environment.

Starstruck

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Author: Albert A. Harrison
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781845452865
Size: 24.20 MB
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Starstruck by Albert A. Harrison


Original Title: Starstruck

We live in an era of exploding scientific knowledge about the universe, and our place and future within it. Much of this new knowledge conflicts with earlier wisdom, and some has frightening implications. Cosmic evolution, space exploration, the search for extraterrestrial life, and concerns about humanity's future prompt us to seek new answers to old existential questions. Where did we come from? Why are we here? Are we alone? What will become of us? In our search for answers, we turn to science, religion, myth, and varying combinations thereof. Exploring an ambiguous region between recognized findings and unfettered imagination, Starstruck explores the multifaceted, far-reaching, and often contentious attempts of people with contrasting worldviews to develop convincing and satisfying interpretations of rapidly accumulating discoveries in physics, astronomy, and biology. Albert A. Harrison is Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of California, Davis. He is co-author of Living Aloft, Human Requirements for Extended Spaceflight (1985), From Antarctica to Outer Space: Life in Isolation and Confinement (1991) and author of After Contact: the Human Response to Extraterrestrial Life (1997) and Spacefaring: The Human Dimension (2001). He was a member of the International Academy of Astronautics' SETI Committee, and of NASA's Space Human Factors Engineering Science and Technology Working Group.

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