Intercorporeality

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Author: Christian Meyer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190673001
Size: 21.69 MB
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Intercorporeality by Christian Meyer


Original Title: Intercorporeality

This book draws inspiration from Maurice Merleau-Ponty's concept of intercorporeality to offer a new, multidisciplinary perspective on the body. By drawing attention to the body's ability to simultaneously sense and be sensed, Merleau-Ponty transcends the object-subject divide and describes how bodies are about, into, and within other bodies. Such inherent relationality constitutes the essence of intercorporeality, and the chapters in this book examine such relationality from a host of diverse perspectives. The book begins with an introductory chapter in which the editors review the current research on bodily interaction, and introduce the notion of intercorporeality as a potentially integrative framework. The first section then offers four chapters devoted to clarifying theoretical and developmental perspectives on intercorporeality. Section 2 contains three chapters that provide insight on intercorporeality from evolutionary, historical, and cross-sectional perspectives. In Section 3, four chapters examine the intercorporeal nature of meaning-making during human interaction. Section 4 then presents three chapters that explore the intercorporeal nature of multi-agent interactions and the role that non-animate bodies (i.e., objects) play in such interaction. Throughout all the chapters, the authors work to integrate research in their specific discipline into the larger, transdisciplinary notion of intercorporeality. This collection provides an indisputably unique perspective on bodies-in-interaction, while simultaneously offering an interdisciplinary way forward in contemporary scholarship on bodies, meaning, and interaction.

System Theories And A Priori Aspects Of Perception

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Author: J.S. Jordan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080542218
Size: 38.80 MB
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System Theories And A Priori Aspects Of Perception by J.S. Jordan


Original Title: System Theories And A Priori Aspects Of Perception

This book takes as a starting point, John Dewey's article, The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology, in which Dewey was calling for, in short, the utilisation of systems theories within psychology, theories of behaviour that capture its nature as a vastly-complex dynamic coordination of nested coordinations. This line of research was neglected as American psychology migrated towards behaviourism, where perception came to be thought of as being both a neural response to an external stimulus and a mediating neural stimulus leading to, or causing a muscular response. As such, perception becomes a question of how it is the perceiver creates neural representations of the physical world. Gestalt psychology, on the other hand, focused on perception itself, utilising the term Phenomenological Field; a term that elegantly nests perception and the organism within their respective, as well as relative, levels of organisation. With the development of servo-mechanisms during the second world war, systems theory began to take on momentum within psychology, and then in the 1970s William T Powers brought the notion of servo-control to perception in his book, Behavior: The Control of Perception. Since then, scientists have come to see nature not as linear chain of contingent cause-effect relationships, but rather, as a non linear, unpredictable nesting of self referential, emergent coordinations, best described as Chaos theory. The implications for perception are astounding, while maintaining the double-aspect nature of perception espoused by the Gestalt psychologists. In short, system theories model perception within the context of a functioning organism, so that objects of experience come to be seen as scale-dependent, psychophysically-neutral, phenomenological transformations of energy structures, the dynamics of which are the result of evolution, and therefore, a priori to the individual case. This a priori, homological unity among brain perception and world is revealed through the use of systems theories and represents the thrust of this book. All the authors are applying some sort of systems theory to the psychology of perception. However, unlike Dewey we have close to a century of technology we can bring to bear upon the issue. This book should be seen as a collection of such efforts.

Contextuality From Quantum Physics To Psychology

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Author: Ehtibar Dzhafarov
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814730629
Size: 77.13 MB
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Contextuality From Quantum Physics To Psychology by Ehtibar Dzhafarov


Original Title: Contextuality From Quantum Physics To Psychology

The book explores the variety of meanings of contextuality across different disciplines, with the emphasis on quantum physics and on psychology. Contents:Conversations on Contextuality (Ehtibar N Dzhafarov & Janne V Kujala)Contextual Semantics (Samson Abransky)From Coupling to Copula (Hans Colonius)Einstein, Bohm, and Leggett-Garg (Guido Bacciagaluppi)It is the Theory Which Decides What We Can Observe (Thomas Filk)Reality, Contextuality, and Probability in Quantum Theory and Beyond (Arkady Plotnitsky)Contextual Emergence (Harald Atmanspacher)Contextuality in Physics and Quantum Cognition (J Acacio de Barros & Gary Oas)End-Directedness and Context in Nonliving Dissipative Systems (James A Dixon, Dilip Kondepudi, Bruce A Kay & Tehran J Davis)Foregrounding the Background (J Scott Jordan, Jiuyang Bai, Vincent Cialdella & Daniel Schloesser)Symmetry-Breaking in Multiagent Coordination (Michael J Richardson & Rachel W Kallen)Probabilistic Contextuality (Janne V Kujala & Ehtibar N Dzhafarov)Quantum Thinking and Counterfactual Reasoning (Louis Narens)Quantum Theory, Active Information and the Mind-Matter Problem (Paavo Pylkkänen)Principles Defining Quantum Mechanics (Gary Oas & J Acacio de Barros)Our (Represented) World: A Quantum-Like Object (Ariane Lambert-Mogiliansky & Francois Dubois)Why Would You Want to Borrow from My Discipline? (Emmanuel Haven)Quantum Information Biology (Masanari Asano, Irina Basieva, Andrei Khrennikov, Masanori Ohya, Yoshiharu Tanaka & Ichiro Yamato)Similarity Judgments: From Classical to Complex Vector Psychological Spaces (Albert Barque Duran, Emmanuel M Pothos, James M Yearsley, James A Hampton, Jerome R Busemeyer & Jennifer S Trueblood)A Quantum Bayes Net Approach to Causal Reasoning (Jennifer S Trueblood, Percy K Mistry & Emmanuel M Pothos) Readership: Researchers in quantum physics, mathematical modelling and cognitive science. Key Features:It is historically the first book dedicated entirely to contextualityIt is interdisciplinary, involving quantum physicists, computer scientists, mathematicians, analytic philosophers, economists, and psychologistsIts chapters are written by leading specialists in these various fieldsKeywords:Contextuality;Quantum Physics;Psychology

Words Matter

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Author: Elizabeth Keating
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520291379
Size: 50.17 MB
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Words Matter by Elizabeth Keating


Original Title: Words Matter

In a twenty-first-century global economy, in which multinational companies coordinate and collaborate with partners and clientele around the world, it is usually English that is the parlance of business, research, technology, and finance. Most assume that if parties on both ends of the conference call are fluent English speakers, information will be shared seamlessly and without any misunderstanding. But is that really true? Words Matter examines how communications between transnational partners routinely break down, even when all parties are fluent English speakers. The end result is lost time, lost money, and often discord among those involved. What’s going wrong? Contrary to a common assumption, language is never neutral. Its is heavily influenced by one’s culture and can often result in unintended meanings depending on word choice, a particular phrase, or even one’s inflection. A recent study of corporate managers found that one out of five projects fail primarily because of ineffective transnational communication, resulting in the loss of millions of dollars. In Words Matter, you will venture into the halls of multinational tech companies around the world to study language and culture at work; learn practical steps for harnessing research in communication and anthropology to become more skilled in the digital workplace; and learn to use the “Communication Plus Model,” which can be easily applied in multiple situations, leading to better communication and better business outcomes.

Conflict And Sustainability In A Changing Environment

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Author: Gwendolyn Smith
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783086084
Size: 22.12 MB
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Conflict And Sustainability In A Changing Environment by Gwendolyn Smith


Original Title: Conflict And Sustainability In A Changing Environment

Using a case study of the Trio indigenous peoples in Suriname, Conflict and Sustainability in a Changing Environment presents an inside view of a community facing climate change and on the path toward sustainable development. Smith and Bastidas take the reader beyond an examination of examples from the field of practice and into a thorough case study on climate change. With more than ten years of field experience, Smith and Bastidas present an in-depth, bottom-up analysis of sustainable development, including tools for practitioners, insight for academics and advice to policymakers.

Insall Scott Surgery Of The Knee

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Author: W. Norman Scott
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 145572789X
Size: 27.56 MB
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Insall Scott Surgery Of The Knee by W. Norman Scott


Original Title: Insall Scott Surgery Of The Knee

Online and in print, Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee, edited by W. Norman Scott, MD, and 11 section editors who are experts in their fields, is your complete, multimedia guide to the most effective approaches for diagnosis and management of the full range of knee disorders affecting patients of all ages. From anatomical and biomechanical foundations, to revision total knee replacement, this authoritative reference provides the most up-to-date and complete guidance on cutting-edge surgical procedures, the largest collection of knee videos in one knee textbook. Expanded coverage and rigorous updates—including 40 online-only chapters—keep you current with the latest advances in cartilage repair and regeneration, allograft and autografts, computer robotics in total knee arthroplasty, and other timely topics. This edition is the first book ever endorsed by The Knee Society. Access the full text - including a wealth of detailed intraoperative photographs, a robust video library, additional online-only chapters, a glossary of TKR designs, quarterly updates, and more - at www.expertconsult.com. Get all you need to know about the clinical and basic science aspects of the full range of knee surgeries as well as the latest relevant information, including imaging and biomechanics; soft tissue cartilage; ligament/meniscal repair and reconstructions; partial and total joint replacement; fractures; tumors; and the arthritic knee. Master the nuances of each new technique through step-by-step instructions and beautiful, detailed line drawings, intraoperative photographs, and surgical videos. See exactly how it’s done. Watch master surgeons perform Partial and Primary TKR, Revision TKR, Tumor Replacement, Fracture Treatment, and over 160 videos on the expertconsult.com. Find information quickly and easily thanks to a consistent, highly templated, and abundantly illustrated chapter format and streamlined text with many references and chapters appearing online only. Access the fully searchable contents of the book online at www.expertconsult.com, including 40 online-only chapters, a downloadable image library, expanded video collection, quarterly updates, and a glossary of TKR designs with images and text from various device manufacturers. Grasp and apply the latest knowledge with expanded coverage of cartilage repair and regeneration techniques, expanded ligament techniques in allograft and autografts, computer robotics in surgical prognostics, fitting and techniques in partial and total knee arthroplasty, and more. Consult with the best. Renowned knee surgeon and orthopaedic sports medicine authority Dr. W. Norman Scott leads an internationally diverse team of accomplished specialists—many new to this edition—who provide dependable guidance and share innovative approaches to reconstructive surgical techniques and complications management.

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