Calphad Calculation Of Phase Diagrams A Comprehensive Guide

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Author: N. Saunders
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080528434
Size: 21.74 MB
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Calphad Calculation Of Phase Diagrams A Comprehensive Guide by N. Saunders


Original Title: Calphad Calculation Of Phase Diagrams A Comprehensive Guide

This monograph acts as a benchmark to current achievements in the field of Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, often called CALPHAD which is an acronym for Computer CALculation of PHAse Diagrams. It also acts as a guide to both the basic background of the subject area and the cutting edge of the topic, combining comprehensive discussions of the underlying physical principles of the CALPHAD method with detailed descriptions of their application to real complex multi-component materials. Approaches which combine both thermodynamic and kinetic models to interpret non-equilibrium phase transformations are also reviewed.

Calphad And Alloy Thermodynamics

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Author: Patrice E. A. Turchi
Publisher: Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society
ISBN:
Size: 65.18 MB
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Calphad And Alloy Thermodynamics by Patrice E. A. Turchi


Original Title: Calphad And Alloy Thermodynamics

A detailed picture of the development and future of CALPHAD (Calculation of Phase Diagrams), this book discusses the theoretical aspects of computational thermodynamics and kinetics and their impact on the science of alloys and materials design. This volume includes an assessment of the CALPHAD approach pioneered by 2002 Hume-Rothery Award recipient Larry Kaufman, a review of the current status of the software applications based on the CALPHAD approach, the impact of CALPHAD on alloy thermodynamics and design, and future prospects.

Methods For Phase Diagram Determination

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Author: Ji-Cheng Zhao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080549965
Size: 44.65 MB
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Methods For Phase Diagram Determination by Ji-Cheng Zhao


Original Title: Methods For Phase Diagram Determination

Phase diagrams are "maps" materials scientists often use to design new materials. They define what compounds and solutions are formed and their respective compositions and amounts when several elements are mixed together under a certain temperature and pressure. This monograph is the most comprehensive reference book on experimental methods for phase diagram determination. It covers a wide range of methods that have been used to determine phase diagrams of metals, ceramics, slags, and hydrides. * Extensive discussion on methodologies of experimental measurements and data assessments * Written by experts around the world, covering both traditional and combinatorial methodologies * A must-read for experimental measurements of phase diagrams

Principles Of Inorganic Materials Design

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Author: John N. Lalena
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470567531
Size: 75.34 MB
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Principles Of Inorganic Materials Design by John N. Lalena


Original Title: Principles Of Inorganic Materials Design

Unique interdisciplinary approach enables readers to overcome complex design challenges Integrating concepts from chemistry, physics, materials science, metallurgy, and ceramics, Principles of Inorganic Materials Design, Second Edition offers a unique interdisciplinary approach that enables readers to grasp the complexities of inorganic materials. The book provides a solid foundation in the principles underlying the design of inorganic materials and then offers the guidance and tools needed to create specific materials with desired macroscopic properties. Principles of Inorganic Materials Design, Second Edition begins with an introduction to structure at the microscopic level and then progresses to smaller-length scales. Next, the authors explore both phenomenological and atomistic-level descriptions of transport properties, the metal?nonmetal transition, magnetic and dielectric properties, optical properties, and mechanical properties. Lastly, the book covers phase equilibria, synthesis, and nanomaterials. Special features include: Introduction to the CALPHAD method, an important, but often overlooked topic More worked examples and new end-of-chapter problems to help ensure mastery of the concepts Extensive references to the literature for more in-depth coverage of particular topics Biographies introducing twentieth-century pioneers in the field of inorganic materials science This Second Edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, incorporating the latest findings and featuring expanded discussions of such key topics as microstructural aspects, density functional theory, dielectric properties, mechanical properties, and nanomaterials. Armed with this text, students and researchers in inorganic and physical chemistry, physics, materials science, and engineering will be equipped to overcome today's complex design challenges. This textbook is recommended for senior-level undergraduate and graduate course work.

Solder Joint Technology

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Author: King-Ning Tu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387388923
Size: 69.21 MB
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Solder Joint Technology by King-Ning Tu


Original Title: Solder Joint Technology

The European Union’s directive banning the use of lead-based (Pb) solders in electronic consumer products has created an urgent need for research on solder joint behavior under various driving forces in electronic manufacturing, and for development of lead-free solders. This book provides a comprehensive examination of advanced materials reliability issues related to copper-tin reaction and electromigration in solder joints, and presents methods for preventing common reliablity problems.

Fundamentals Of Magnesium Alloy Metallurgy

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Author: Mihriban O Pekguleryuz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857097296
Size: 68.96 MB
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Fundamentals Of Magnesium Alloy Metallurgy by Mihriban O Pekguleryuz


Original Title: Fundamentals Of Magnesium Alloy Metallurgy

Magnesium and magnesium alloys offer a wealth of valuable properties, making them of great interest for use across a wide range of fields. This has led to extensive research focused on understanding the properties of magnesium and how these can be controlled during processing. Fundamentals of magnesium alloy metallurgy presents an authoritative overview of all aspects of magnesium alloy metallurgy, including physical metallurgy, deformation, corrosion and applications. Beginning with an introduction to the primary production of magnesium, the book goes on to discuss physical metallurgy of magnesium and thermodynamic properties of magnesium alloys. Further chapters focus on understanding precipitation processes of magnesium alloys, alloying behaviour of magnesium, and alloy design. The formation, corrosion and surface finishing of magnesium and its alloys are reviewed, before Fundamentals of magnesium alloy metallurgy concludes by exploring applications across a range of fields. Aerospace, automotive and other structural applications of magnesium are considered, followed by magnesium-based metal matrix composites and the use of magnesium in medical applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Fundamentals of magnesium alloy metallurgy is a comprehensive tool for all those involved in the production and application of magnesium and its alloys, including manufacturers, welders, heat-treatment and coating companies, engineers, metallurgists, researchers, designers and scientists working with these important materials. Overviews all aspects of magnesium alloy metallurgy Discusses physical metallurgy of magnesium and thermodynamic properties of magnesium alloys Reviews the formation, corrosion and surface finishing of magnesium and its alloys

Ab Initio Enhanced Calphad Modeling Of Actinide Rich Metallic Nuclear Fuels

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Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 44.93 MB
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Ab Initio Enhanced Calphad Modeling Of Actinide Rich Metallic Nuclear Fuels by


Original Title: Ab Initio Enhanced Calphad Modeling Of Actinide Rich Metallic Nuclear Fuels

Metallic fuels are promising fuel candidates for Generation IV nuclear reactors currently under active research and development. The purpose of the researches in this thesis is to increase the understanding on the phase stability of U-Pu-Zr-MA (MA = Np, Am and Cm) alloy, which is the current basis for fast spectrum metallic fuel in a fully recycled closed fuel cycle. We focused on the Np-U-Zr system and its U-Zr, Np-Zr and Np-U binary and U, Np, Zr unary sub-systems and address two problems. The first problem is to obtain accurate ab initio energetics for actinide systems due to challenges in modeling the f-electron many-body correlation and relativistic effects. We assessed density functional theory (DFT) in both its standard form and the so-called DFT plus Hubbard U (DFT + U) modification based on the generalized gradient approximation and established a consistent set of empirical Ueff parameter ranges for Np and U that can improve the calculated energetics for Np-U-Zr alloy and its sub-systems. We also determined quantitatively how much the calculated energetics are affected by spin-orbit coupling (SOC), a relativistic effect often neglected for lighter metals. The second problem is the lack of accurate thermodynamic models for Np-U-Zr due to limited experimental data. We mitigate the problem using ab initio predicted energetics to supplement existing experimental data and assist the thermodynamic modeling using the so-called ab initio enhanced CALculation of PHase Diagrams (CALPHAD) approach. Our work developed thermodynamic models for the U-Zr and Np-Zr systems that should be of good accuracy. For the Np-U and Np-U-Zr systems, we developed models that were restricted by limited experimental data available for these systems but should also be acceptably accurate at the high temperatures at which metallic fuels are deployed in reactors. Overall, understanding in the phase stability of Np-U-Zr and its subsystems acquired in the current thesis researches can help improve the design and use of metallic fuels. The ab initio approach and CALPHAD models established in this thesis should be applicable for studying additional properties and other related systems of metallic nuclear fuels.

Magnesium Technology 2000

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Author: Howard I. Kaplan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118808304
Size: 76.92 MB
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Magnesium Technology 2000 by Howard I. Kaplan


Original Title: Magnesium Technology 2000

These proceedings provide an overview of magnesium production technology, mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, and alloy development. Co-sponsored with TMS by the Magnesium Association, the symposium was divided into several sessions: Electrolytic technology, thermal reduction/environmental, automotive issues and recycling, alloy development/corrosion, solidification, creep properties/heat treating effects, physical/mechanical properties, wrought alloys/thixmolding. A collection of papers from the 2000 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, held in Nashville, Tennessee, March 12-March 15, 2000.

Fundamentals Of Materials Science

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Author: Eric J. Mittemeijer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642105005
Size: 80.24 MB
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Fundamentals Of Materials Science by Eric J. Mittemeijer


Original Title: Fundamentals Of Materials Science

This book offers a strong introduction to fundamental concepts on the basis of materials science. It conveys the central issue of materials science, distinguishing it from merely solid state physics and solid state chemistry, namely to develop models that provide the relation between the microstructure and the properties. The book is meant to be used in the beginning of a materials science and engineering study as well as throughout an entire undergraduate and even graduate study as a solid background against which specialized texts can be studied. Topics dealt with are "crystallography", "lattice defects", "microstructural analysis", "phase equilibria and transformations" and "mechanical strength". After the basic chapters the coverage of topics occurs to an extent surpassing what can be offered in a freshman's course. About the author Prof. Mittemeijer is one of the top scientists in materials science, whose perceptiveness and insight have led to important achievements. This book witnesses of his knowledge and panoramic overview and profound understanding of the field. He is a director of the Max Planck Institute for Metals Research in Stuttgart.

Thermodynamic Modeling Of Mgo P2o5 Mno P2o5 And Cao Mgo P2o5 Systems

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Author: Gabriel Garcia Curiel
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 41.96 MB
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Thermodynamic Modeling Of Mgo P2o5 Mno P2o5 And Cao Mgo P2o5 Systems by Gabriel Garcia Curiel


Original Title: Thermodynamic Modeling Of Mgo P2o5 Mno P2o5 And Cao Mgo P2o5 Systems

"As part of a sustained effort to model and simulate the thermodynamic behavior of steelmaking slag, binary and ternary phase diagram systems have been modeled using the CALPHAD (CALculation of PHAse Diagrams) approach. The understanding, modeling and thermodynamic simulation of oxide systems including phosphorus oxide are of special importance to the steelmaking industry given requirements for steels with ever lower phosphorus contents while facing the processing of ores with increasing phosphorus content.In this project, two binary systems (MgO-P2O5 and MnO-P2O5) and one ternary system (CaO-MgO-P2O5) were modeled to extend the oxide database of the Factsage thermodynamic simulation software package. This present study is part of a broader effort conducted to develop a comprehensive thermodynamic database for the CaO-MgO-MnO-FeO-Fe2O3-Al2O3-Na2O-P2O5 / Fe Liq. system and allow the thermodynamic simulation of steelmaking processes such as dephosphorization. All available experimental data in the literature were critically assessed and a set of thermodynamic model parameters were developed to simulate reliably the experimental results within experimental error limits. The properties of liquid oxides and solid P2O5 compounds were described by thermodynamic models and standard Gibbs energy functions.The thermodynamic property of the liquid solution (or slag) were described using the Modified Quasi-Chemical Model (MQM) developed by Pelton et. al. (2000). This model allows to simulate short range ordering (SRO). Thermodynamic properties of solid solution phases are described using the Compound Energy Formalism (CEF) by Hillert (2000) which considers the crystal structure of each solid solution." --

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