Catalysis

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Author: J.A. Moulijn
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080886985
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Catalysis by J.A. Moulijn


Original Title: Catalysis

Catalysis is a multidisciplinary activity which is reflected in this book. The editors have chosen a novel combination of basic disciplines - homogeneous catalysis by metal complexes is treated jointly with heterogeneous catalysis with metallic and non-metallic solids. The main theme of the book is the molecular approach to industrial catalysis. In the introductory section Chapter 1 presents a brief survey of the history of industrial heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis. Subsequently, a selection of current industrial catalytic processes is described (Chapter 2). A broad spectrum of important catalytic applications is presented, including the basic chemistry, some engineering aspects, feedstock sources and product utilisation. In Chapter 3, kinetic principles are treated. The section on fundamental catalysis begins with a description of the bonding in complexes and to surfaces (Chapter 4). The elementary steps on complexes and surfaces are described. The chapter on heterogeneous catalysis (5) deals with the mechanistic aspects of three groups of important reactions: syn-gas conversion, hydrogenation, and oxidation. The main principles of metal and metal oxide catalysis are presented. Likewise, the chapter on homogeneous catalysis (6) concentrates on three reactions representing examples from three areas: carbonylation, polymerization, and asymmetric catalysis. Identification by in situ techniques has been included. Many constraints to the industrial use of a catalyst have a macroscopic origin. In applied catalysis it is shown how catalytic reaction engineering deals with such macroscopic considerations in heterogeneous as well as homogeneous catalysis (Chapter 7). The transport and kinetic phenomena in both model reactors and industrial reactors are outlined. The section on catalyst preparation (Chapters 8 and 9) is concerned with the preparation of catalyst supports, zeolites, and supported catalysts, with an emphasis on general principles and mechanistic aspects. For the supported catalysts the relation between the preparative method and the surface chemistry of the support is highlighted. The molecular approach is maintained throughout. The first chapter (10) in the section on catalyst characterization summarizes the most common spectroscopic techniques used for the characterisation of heterogeneous catalysts such as XPS, Auger, EXAFS, etc. Temperature programmed techniques, which have found widespread application in heterogeneous catalysis both in catalyst characterization and simulation of pretreatment procedures, are discussed in Chapter 11. A discussion of texture measurement, theory and application, concludes this section (12). The final chapter (13) gives an outline of current trends in catalysis. Two points of view are adopted: the first one focusses on developments in process engineering. Most often these have their origin in demands by society for better processes. The second point of view draws attention to the autonomous developments in catalysis, which is becoming one of the frontier sciences of physics and chemistry. In this book emphasis is on those reactions catalyzed by heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysts of industrial relevance. The integrative treatment of the subject matter involves many disciplines, consequently, the writing of the book has been a multi-author task. The editors have carefully planned and harmonized the contents of the chapters.

Catalysis

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Author: Rutger A. Santen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444505934
Size: 38.39 MB
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Catalysis by Rutger A. Santen


Original Title: Catalysis

This book concentrates on industrially relevant reactions which are catalyzed by heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysts. Homogeneous catalysis by metal complexes is treated jointly with heterogeneous catalysis using metallic and non-metallic solids. In both areas the high degree of sophistication of spectroscopic techniques and theoretical modelling has led to an enormous increase in our understanding at the molecular level. This holds for the kinetics of the reactions and the reactivities of the catalysts, as well as for the syntheses of the catalytic materials. The development of catalysis science since the first edition of this book has necessitated a thorough revision, including special chapters on biocatalysis, catalyst characterization and adsorption methods. The multidisciplinary nature of catalysis is reflected in the choice of a novel combination of basic disciplines which will be refreshing and inspiring to readers.

Zeolite Characterization And Catalysis

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Author: Arthur W. Chester
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402096785
Size: 42.87 MB
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Zeolite Characterization And Catalysis by Arthur W. Chester


Original Title: Zeolite Characterization And Catalysis

The idea for putting together a tutorial on zeolites came originally from my co-editor, Eric Derouane, about 5 years ago. I ?rst met Eric in the mid-1980s when he spent 2 years working for Mobil R&D at our then Corporate lab at Princeton, NJ. He was on the senior technical staff with projects in the synthesis and characterization of new materials. At that time, I managed a group at our Paulsboro lab that was responsible for catalyst characterization in support of our catalyst and process development efforts, and also had a substantial group working on new material synthesis. Hence, our interests overlapped considerably and we met regularly. After Eric moved back to Namur (initially), we maintained contact, and in the 1990s, we met a number of times in Europe on projects of joint interest. It was after I retired from ExxonMobil in 2002 that we began to discuss the tutorial concept seriously. Eric had (semi-)retired and lived on the Algarve, the southern coast of Portugal. In January 2003, my wife and I spent 3 weeks outside of Lagos, and I worked parts of most days with Eric on the proposed content of the book. We decided on a comprehensive approach that ultimately amounted to some 20+ chapters covering all of zeolite chemistry and catalysis and gave it the title Zeolite Chemistry and Catalysis: An integrated Approach and Tutorial.

Molecular Heterogeneous Catalysis

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Author: Rutger A. van Santen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527608346
Size: 36.41 MB
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Molecular Heterogeneous Catalysis by Rutger A. van Santen


Original Title: Molecular Heterogeneous Catalysis

An integrated approach to the molecular theory of reaction mechanism in heterogeneous catalysis, largely based on the knowledge among the growing theoretical catalysis community over the past half century, and covering all major catalytic systems. The authors develop a general conceptual framework, including in-depth comparisons with enzyme catalysis, biomineralisation, organometallic and coordination chemistry. A chapter dedicated to molecular electrocatalysis addresses the molecular description of reactions at the liquid-solid interphase, while studies range from a quantum-chemical treatment of individual molecular states to dynamic Monte-Carlo simulations, including the full flexibility of the many-particle systems. Complexity in catalysis is explained in chapters on self-organization and self-assembly of catalysts, and other sections are devoted to evolutionary, combinatorial techniques as well as artificial chemistry.

Fundamentals Of Organometallic Catalysis

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Author: Dirk Steinborn
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527327177
Size: 59.55 MB
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Fundamentals Of Organometallic Catalysis by Dirk Steinborn


Original Title: Fundamentals Of Organometallic Catalysis

Catalysis, the basic principle for overcoming the kinetic inhibition of chemical reactions, is fundamental in chemistry. In particular, organometallic catalysis plays an overwhelming role in both research and industry. It opens the way to entirely novel synthetic methods and finds widespread applications ranging from mass-production of everyday polymers to stereocontrolled synthesis of bioactive chemicals used as pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals. The targeted development of improved and novel catalysts demands understanding of the relationships between their structures and catalytic properties. Accordingly, this textbook offers the reader a fundamental understanding of the course of organometallic-catalyzed reactions, starting at the molecular level. The initial chapters explain the principles of catalysis and the elementary steps in organometallic catalysis. The book then explores important organometallic-catalyzed reactions, with a focus on mechanism. Current developments are emphasized throughout. Asymmetric synthesis is covered in depth. Finally, the book examines the catalytic behavior of particular metalloenzymes. A look at nitrogen fixation offers a comparative examination of the three major areas of catalysis - homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic. In addition to problems, the textbook offers solutions, making the book an invaluable learning tool. It is a must-have for advanced students in chemistry and biochemistry, as well as for inorganic and organic chemists, for those working with organometallics, and for those specializing in catalysis.

Catalytic Kinetics

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Author: Dmitry Yu Murzin
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444634630
Size: 29.74 MB
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Catalytic Kinetics by Dmitry Yu Murzin


Original Title: Catalytic Kinetics

Catalytic Kinetics: Chemistry and Engineering, Second Edition offers a unified view that homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic catalysis form the cornerstone of practical catalysis. The book has an integrated, cross-disciplinary approach to kinetics and transport phenomena in catalysis, but still recognizes the fundamental differences between different types of catalysis. In addition, the book focuses on a quantitative chemical understanding and links the mathematical approach to kinetics with chemistry. A diverse group of catalysts is covered, including catalysis by acids, organometallic complexes, solid inorganic materials, and enzymes, and this fully updated second edition contains a new chapter on the concepts of cascade catalysis. Finally, expanded content in this edition provides more in-depth discussion, including topics such as organocatalysis, enzymatic kinetics, nonlinear dynamics, solvent effects, nanokinetics, and kinetic isotope effects. Fully revised and expanded, providing the latest developments in catalytic kinetics Bridges the gaps that exist between hetero-, homo- and enzymatic-catalysis Provides necessary tools and new concepts for researchers already working in the field of catalytic kinetics Written by internationally-renowned experts in the field Examples and exercises following each chapter make it suitable as an advanced course book

Principles And Practice Of Heterogeneous Catalysis

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Author: John Meurig Thomas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 352768378X
Size: 41.66 MB
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Principles And Practice Of Heterogeneous Catalysis by John Meurig Thomas


Original Title: Principles And Practice Of Heterogeneous Catalysis

This long-awaited second edition of the successful introduction to the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalysis is now completely revised and updated. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, this textbook includes fundamentals of adsorption, characterizing catalysts and their surfaces, the significance of pore structure and surface area, solid-state and surface chemistry, poisoning, promotion, deactivation and selectivity of catalysts, as well as catalytic process engineering. A final section provides a number of examples and case histories. With its color and numerous graphics plus references to help readers to easily find further reading, this is a pivotal work for an understanding of the principles involved.

Modeling And Simulation Of Heterogeneous Catalytic Processes

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Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012800455X
Size: 78.22 MB
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Modeling And Simulation Of Heterogeneous Catalytic Processes by


Original Title: Modeling And Simulation Of Heterogeneous Catalytic Processes

Heterogeneous catalysis and mathematical modeling are essential components of the continuing search for better utilization of raw materials and energy, with reduced impact on the environment. Numerical modeling of chemical systems has progressed rapidly due to increases in computer power, and is used extensively for analysis, design and development of catalytic reactors and processes. This book presents reviews of the state-of-the-art in modeling of heterogeneous catalytic reactors and processes. Reviews by leading authorities in the respective areas Up-to-date reviews of latest techniques in modeling of catalytic processes Mix of US and European authors, as well as academic/industrial/research institute perspectives Connections between computation and experimental methods in some of the chapters

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