Catalysts In Petroleum Refining And Petrochemical Industries 1995

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Author: M. Absi-Halabi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080528694
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Catalysts In Petroleum Refining And Petrochemical Industries 1995 by M. Absi-Halabi

Original Title: Catalysts In Petroleum Refining And Petrochemical Industries 1995

Catalysis plays an increasingly critical role in modern petroleum refining and basic petrochemical industries as market demands for and specifications of petroleum and petrochemical products are continuously changing. As we enter the 21st century, new challenges for catalysis science and technology are anticipated in almost every field. Particularly, better utilization of petroleum resources and demands for cleaner transportation fuels are major items. It was against this background that the 2nd International Conference on Catalysts in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Industries was organized. The conference was attended by around 300 specialists in the catalysis field from both academia and industry from over 30 countries. It provided a forum for the exchange of ideas between scientists and engineers from the region with their counterparts from industrialized countries. The papers from the conference, which were carefully selected from around 100 submissions, were refereed in terms of scientific and technical content and format in accordance with internationally accepted standards. They comprise a mix of reviews providing an overview of selected areas, original fundamental research results, and industrial experiences.

Applications In Industry

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Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080557205
Size: 36.88 MB
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Applications In Industry by

Original Title: Applications In Industry

Volume I contains a brief review of adsorption history and its development for practical purposes up until now. It also presents some important information on adsorbents and catalysts as well as on the methods of their characterization. The part of this volume dealing with practical industrial applications includes chapters presenting advanced technical tools for high capacity adsorption separation of liquid and gas mixtures, development of new adsorbents for removal of hazardous contaminants from combustion flue gases and wastewaters, degasification of coal seams and fabrication of inorganic membranes and their applications. A comprehensive review is also included on contemporary utility of self-assembled monolayers, adsorption proteins and their role in modern industry, adsorption methods in technology of optical fibre glasses, sol-gel technology, solid desiccant dehumidification systems, etc. The articles give both the scientific backgrounds of the phenomena discussed and emphasize their practical aspects. The chapters give not only brief current knowledge about the studied problems, but are also a source of topical literature on the subject. A comprehensive bibliography on adsorption principles, design data and adsorbent materials for industrial applications for the period 1967-1997 concludes the book.

Recent Advances In Basic And Applied Aspects Of Industrial Catalysis

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Author: T.S.R. Prasada Rao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080540382
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Recent Advances In Basic And Applied Aspects Of Industrial Catalysis by T.S.R. Prasada Rao

Original Title: Recent Advances In Basic And Applied Aspects Of Industrial Catalysis

Since the Catalysis Society of India was formed in 1973, it has grown into a vibrant and active professional body serving the Indian catalysis community and acts as a professional link between them and the rest of the world. The Silver Jubilee Symposium of the CSI, the thirteenth in a successful series of national symposia, brought together all those devoted to various aspects of this fascinating interdisciplinary field of catalysis. More than 400 delegates from around the country attended and there was considerable international participation. The scientific programme of the symposium covered different aspects of catalysis, processes based on catalysis and novel catalysis materials for various applications. This volume comprises two eminent scientist award lectures, six plenary lectures, five invited papers and 111 contributed papers which were critically selected from an impressive response to the call for papers.

Biocatalysis In Oil Refining

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Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080545127
Size: 39.15 MB
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Biocatalysis In Oil Refining by

Original Title: Biocatalysis In Oil Refining

Biocatalysis in Oil Refining focuses on petroleum refining bioprocesses, establishing a connection between science and technology. The micro organisms and biomolecules examined for biocatalytic purposes for oil refining processes are thoroughly detailed. Terminology used by biologists, chemists and engineers is brought into a common language, aiding the understanding of complex biological-chemical-engineering issues. Problems to be addressed by the future R&D activities and by new technologies are described and summarized in the last chapter. * Updated references * Studying bioprocessing problems, looking at opportunities for improvements and technology developments

Past And Present In Denox Catalysis From Molecular Modelling To Chemical Engineering

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Author: Pascal Granger
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080554051
Size: 42.79 MB
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Past And Present In Denox Catalysis From Molecular Modelling To Chemical Engineering by Pascal Granger

Original Title: Past And Present In Denox Catalysis From Molecular Modelling To Chemical Engineering

This book offers an overview of the state of the art in the field of DeNOx catalysis in order to focus novel orientations, new technological developments, from laboratory to industrial scale. A particular attention has been paid towards the implementation of catalytic processes for minimising NOx emissions either from stationary or mobile sources under lean condition to meet future standard regulations of NOx emissions. In the first part of this book, critical aspects reported in the literature which usually make difficult the achievement of efficient catalytic technologies in those conditions are summarised and analysed in order two separate new perspectives. The second part deals with fundamental aspects at molecular level. A better understanding of the reactions involved under unsteady-state conditions is probably a pre-requisite step for improving the performances of the actual processes or developing original ones. The development of powerful in situ spectroscopic techniques is of fundamental interest for kinetic modelling. Correlations between spectroscopic and kinetic data with those obtained from theoretical calculations are reported. Some illustrations emphasise the fact that these comparisons may help in determining the nature of the catalytic active sites and building predictive tools for simulations under running conditions. The latter part of this book will be illustrated by different practical approaches covering various aspects related to the catalysts preparation and the development of alternative technologies which include industrial considerations. - New technological developments for investigating catalytic reactions in transient conditions (in situ and operando spectroscopic techniques) - Concerted approaches in DeNOx catalysis - How academic aspects (kinetic, in situ spectroscopic measurements) can provide useful information for practical applications - Comparison of different approaches provided by academic and industrial partners

Proceedings Of The International Conference On Colloid And Surface Science

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Author: Y. Iwasawa
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080529356
Size: 62.92 MB
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Proceedings Of The International Conference On Colloid And Surface Science by Y. Iwasawa

Original Title: Proceedings Of The International Conference On Colloid And Surface Science

The purpose of this Conference was to discuss the results of recent developments and the future prospect in science and technology of the field. The field has been growing and flourishing, while indicating many problems to be uncovered and solved. The conference was structured to encourage interaction and to stimulate the exchange of ideas to accomplish the above purpose. Key issues and materials related to the Conference were included as follows: • Molecular Assemblies in Solutions; • Fine Particles and Colloidal Dispersions; • Supramolecular Organized Films; • Nanostructural Solid Surfaces; • Industrial Applications and Products. The Conference comprised 2 plenary lectures, 42 invited lectures, 150 oral presentations and 266 poster presentations.

Preparation Of Catalysts Vii

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Author: R. Maggi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080539454
Size: 12.50 MB
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Preparation Of Catalysts Vii by R. Maggi

Original Title: Preparation Of Catalysts Vii

The proceedings of the VIIth International Symposium on the Scientific Bases for the Preparation of Heterogeneous Catalysts, are in line with the general scope of this series of events. Emphasis in all Symposia has been on the scientific aspects of the preparation of new and industrial catalysts, or on new methods of preparation, rather than on the catalytic reactions in which such solids are ultimately used. In the present context, the catalytic event itself has only been considered as another, though often decisive, method of catalyst characterization.

Science And Technology In Catalysis 2006

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Author: Koichi Eguchi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444532022
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Science And Technology In Catalysis 2006 by Koichi Eguchi

Original Title: Science And Technology In Catalysis 2006

Unsteady-state operations of catalytic reactors provide plentiful opportunities for research and commercial realization of efficient heterogeneous catalytic processes. Forced unsteady state conditions generate unique distributions of process parameters and catalyst states often unattainable with traditional, steady-state operation. The unsteady-states can be created by periodic changes in input flow parameters, such as changes in inlet temperature and composition, catalyst circulation through reaction and regeneration zones, or periodic flow reversals through fixed catalyst bed. This can result in increased productivity, selectivity, capital savings and operating cost reduction (higher energy efficiency). Efficient environmental technologies for treatment of toxic emissions, acid rain and greenhouse gas emissions can also be developed using the unsteady-state concept. The Proceedings communicate recent progress in these areas of research and promote future development. The aims are to establish relations between academia, industry, engineers and scientists from all over the world, to stimulate new catalytic technologies as well as fundamental research, and to create new concepts for the development of effective catalytic systems. It presents the most up-to-date research in catalysis. - contains the most recent developments in catalytic research - includes research finding as well as their application to industry - a thorough source of information on the latest developments of industrial catalysis in Japan

Reaction Kinetics And The Development Of Catalytic Processes

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Author: G.F. Froment
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080540276
Size: 58.61 MB
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Reaction Kinetics And The Development Of Catalytic Processes by G.F. Froment

Original Title: Reaction Kinetics And The Development Of Catalytic Processes

The symposium "Reaction Kinetics and the Development of Catalytic Processes" is the continuation of the very successful International Symposium "Dynamics of Surfaces and Reaction Kinetics in Heterogeneous Catalysis", held in September 1997 in Antwerp, Belgium. These proceedings contain a unique series of top level plenary lectures mainly focused on • the dynamics of catalytic surfaces • the interaction of the reacting molecules with the solid catalyst • the elementary steps of reaction pathways and molecular kinetics. Surface science techniques, molecular modeling, transient kinetic studies, sophisticated and specific reactors are included to a growing extent in the kinetic modeling and the development of catalytic processes. How this is practiced today and how it will evolve in the coming years, and what benefit can be expected for a more fundamentally based approach is the aim of the symposium.

Semiconductor Nanoclusters Physical Chemical And Catalytic Aspects

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Author: Prashant V. Kamat
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Size: 59.29 MB
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Semiconductor Nanoclusters Physical Chemical And Catalytic Aspects by Prashant V. Kamat

Original Title: Semiconductor Nanoclusters Physical Chemical And Catalytic Aspects

During the past decade there has been a phenomenal growth in the basic research of semiconductor nanoclusters and other nanomaterials. As the field has evolved the emphasis has shifted from basic theoretical description to field utilization of nanostructure-based devices. The topics of the various chapters presented in this book, written by leaders in the field, highlight the salient features of nanocrystalline semiconductor materials. Features of this book: - Provides synthetic strategies to generate ultrasmall particles, films and wires - Describes the characterization methodologies of a large number of nanomaterials from the molecular level to the long-range crystallographic ordering - Develops theoretical descriptions of present-day quantum confinement effects in various materials, including metallic particles, III-V semiconductors, and porous silicon - Explores the fate of photoinduced charge carriers in these materials and the phenomena of charge transfer across interfaces - Covers the utilization of these newly discovered effects in analytical chemistry, organic synthesis, environmental remediation, and electrochemistry. The aim of the book is to present the necessary background material for advanced undergraduate students in the field of physical chemistry and materials science and provide a reference book for the experts in this area.

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