Cognitive Contributions To The Perception Of Spatial And Temporal Events

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Author: Gisa Aschersleben
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444503250
Size: 51.70 MB
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Cognitive Contributions To The Perception Of Spatial And Temporal Events by Gisa Aschersleben


Original Title: Cognitive Contributions To The Perception Of Spatial And Temporal Events

The book is concerned with the cognitive contributions to perception, that is, with the influence of attention, intention, or motor processes on performances in spatial and temporal tasks. The chapters deal with fundamental perceptual processes resulting from the simple localization of an object in space or from the temporal determination of an event within a series of events. Chapters are based on presentations given at the Symposium on the Cognitive Contributions to the Perception of Spatial and Temporal Events (September 7-9, 1998, Ohlstadt, Germany). Following each chapter are commentary pieces from other researchers in the field. At the meeting, contributors were encouraged to discuss their theoretical positions along with presenting empirical results and the book's commentary sections help to preserve the spirit and controversies of the symposium. The general topic of the book is split into three parts. Two sections are devoted to the perception of unimodal spatial and temporal events; and are accompanied by a third part on spatio-temporal processes in the domain of intermodal integration. The themes of the book are highly topical. There is a growing interest in studies both with healthy persons and with patients that focus on localization errors and dissociations in localizations resulting from different tasks. These errors lead to new concepts of how visual space is represented. Such deviations are not only observed in the spatial domain but in the temporal domain as well. Typical examples are errors in duration judgments or synchronization errors in tapping tasks. In addition, several studies indicate the influence of attention on both the timing and on the localization of dynamic events. Another intriguing question originates from well-known interactions between intermodal events, namely, whether these events are based on a single representation or whether different representations interact.

The Psychology Of Music In Multimedia

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Author: Siu-Lan Tan
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191503266
Size: 53.14 MB
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The Psychology Of Music In Multimedia by Siu-Lan Tan


Original Title: The Psychology Of Music In Multimedia

For most of the history of film-making, music has played an integral role serving many functions - such as conveying emotion, heightening tension, and influencing interpretation and inferences about events and characters. More recently, with the enormous growth of the gaming industry and the Internet, a new role for music has emerged. However, all of these applications of music depend on complex mental processes which are being identified through research on human participants in multimedia contexts. The Psychology of Music in Multimedia is the first book dedicated to this fascinating topic. The Psychology of Music in Multimedia presents a wide range of scientific research on the psychological processes involved in the integration of sound and image when engaging with film, television, video, interactive games, and computer interfaces. Collectively, the rich chapters in this edited volume represent a comprehensive treatment of the existing research on the multimedia experience, with the aim of disseminating the current knowledge base and inspiring future scholarship. The focus on empirical research and the strong psychological framework make this book an exceptional and distinctive contribution to the field. The international collection of contributors represents eight countries and a broad range of disciplines including psychology, musicology, neuroscience, media studies, film, and communications. Each chapter includes a comprehensive review of the topic and, where appropriate, identifies models that can be empirically tested. Part One presents contrasting theoretical approaches from cognitive psychology, philosophy, semiotics, communication, musicology, and neuroscience. Part Two reviews research on the structural aspects of music and multimedia, while Part Three focuses on research examining the influence of music on perceived meaning in the multimedia experience. Part Four explores empirical findings in a variety of real-world applications of music in multimedia including entertainment and educational media for children, video and computer games, television and online advertising, and auditory displays of information. Finally, the closing chapter in Part Five identifies emerging themes and points to the value of broadening the scope of research to encompass multisensory, multidisciplinary, and cross-cultural perspectives to advance our understanding of the role of music in multimedia. This is a valuable book for those in the fields of music psychology and musicology, as well as film and media studies.

Communication Acoustics

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Author: Jens Blauert
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540274377
Size: 37.14 MB
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Communication Acoustics by Jens Blauert


Original Title: Communication Acoustics

Communication Acoustics deals with the fundamentals of those areas of acoustics which are related to modern communication technologies. Due to the advent of digital signal processing and recording in acoustics, these areas have enjoyed an enormous upswing during the last 4 decades. The book chapters represent review articles covering the most relevant areas of the field. They are written with the goal of providing students with comprehensive introductions. Further they offer a supply of numerous references to the relevant literature. Besides its usefulness as a textbook, this will make the book a source of valuable information for those who want to improve or refresh their knowledge in the field of communication acoustics – and to work their way deeper into it. Due to its interdisciplinary character Communication Acoustics is bound to attract readers from many different areas, such as: acoustics, cognitive science, speech science, and communication technology.

Modeling Consciousness Across The Disciplines

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Author: J. Scott Jordan
Publisher: University Press of Amer
ISBN:
Size: 65.17 MB
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Modeling Consciousness Across The Disciplines by J. Scott Jordan


Original Title: Modeling Consciousness Across The Disciplines

Drawing on a variety of scholarly perspectives, this extraordinary volume explores the nature of consciousness and highlights the importance of interdisciplinary dialogue for understanding the many facets of this subject. The contributors to this volume come from diverse fields within science and the humanities, including neuropsychology, art history, rhetoric, philosophy, history, and physical science. While revealing how the perspectives within a discipline guide researchers toward particular conclusions, this volume demonstrates the inherent difficulty in studying consciousness from a single point of view and exposes the conceptual inadequacies that arise when consciousness studies are localized within one discipline. This timely collection breathes life into a topic that has a long history of scholarly interest, providing researchers from diverse backgrounds with much to contemplate.

Sounds

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Author: Casey O'Callaghan
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN:
Size: 69.40 MB
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Sounds by Casey O'Callaghan


Original Title: Sounds

Vision dominates philosophical thinking about perception, and theorizing about experience in cognitive science has traditionally focused on a visual model. In a radical departure from established practice, Casey O'Callaghan provides a systematic treatment of sound and sound experience, and shows how thinking about audition and appreciating the relationships between multiple sense modalities can enrich our understanding of perception and the mind. Sounds proposes a novel theory of sounds and auditory perception. Against the widely accepted philosophical view that sounds are among the secondary or sensible qualities, O'Callaghan argues that, on any perceptually plausible account, sounds are events. But this does not imply that sounds are waves that propagate through a medium, such as air or water. Rather, sounds are events that take place in one's environment at or near the objects and happenings that bring them about. This account captures the way in which sounds essentially are creatures of time, and situates sounds in a world populated by items and events that have significance for us. Sounds are not ethereal, mysterious entities. O'Callaghan's account of sounds and their perception discloses far greater variety among the kinds of things we perceive than traditional views acknowledge. But more importantly, investigating sounds and audition demonstrates that considering other sense modalities teaches what we could not otherwise learn from thinking exclusively about the visual. Sounds articulates a powerful account of echoes, reverberation, Doppler effects, and perceptual constancies that surpasses the explanatory richness of alternative theories, and also reveals a number of surprising cross-modal perceptual illusions. O'Callaghan argues that such illusions demonstrate that the perceptual modalities cannot be completely understood in isolation, and that the visuocentric model for theorizing about perception --according to which perceptual modalities are discrete modes of experience and autonomous domains of philosophical and scientific inquiry--ought to be abandoned.

Timing The Future

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Author: Joseph Glicksohn
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 35.23 MB
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Timing The Future by Joseph Glicksohn


Original Title: Timing The Future

In this volume, leading researchers bring together current work on time perception and time-based prospective memory in order to understand how people time their intentions. This is the first account of many important topics concerning the timing of behavior, offered by scientists of diverse fields who in the past have exhibited an attitude of mutual 'benign neglect'. An explication of the rules which govern timing the future are of fundamental interest to anyone who wishes to explore the potential of human experience. Prospective memory ? especially time-based ? is a relatively unexplored way to study memory and few studies have been devoted to its neurobiological foundations. This volume aims to fill this void and will boost further interest in the field, while stimulating interdisciplinary research.

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