Cognitive Ecology

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Author: Reuven Dukas
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226169323
Size: 72.29 MB
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Cognitive Ecology by Reuven Dukas

Original Title: Cognitive Ecology

How does the environment shape the ways an animal processes information and makes decisions? How do constraints imposed on nervous systems affect an animal's activities? To help answer these questions, Cognitive Ecology integrates evolutionary ecology and cognitive science, demonstrating how studies of perception, memory, and learning can deepen our understanding of animal behavior and ecology. Individual chapters consider such issues as the evolution of learning and its influence on behavior; the effects of cognitive mechanisms on the evolution of signaling behavior; how neurobiological and evolutionary processes have shaped navigational activities; functional and mechanical explanations for altered behaviors in response to changing environments; how foragers make decisions and how these decisions are influenced by the risks of predation; and how cognitive mechanisms affect partner choice. Cognitive Ecology will encourage biologists to consider how animal cognition affects behavior, and will also interest comparative psychologists and cognitive scientists.

Cognitive Ecology Ii

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Author: Reuven Dukas
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226169375
Size: 16.78 MB
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Cognitive Ecology Ii by Reuven Dukas

Original Title: Cognitive Ecology Ii

Merging evolutionary ecology and cognitive science, cognitive ecology investigates how animal interactions with natural habitats shape cognitive systems, and how constraints on nervous systems limit or bias animal behavior. Research in cognitive ecology has expanded rapidly in the past decade, and this second volume builds on the foundations laid out in the first, published in 1998. Cognitive Ecology II integrates numerous scientific disciplines to analyze the ecology and evolution of animal cognition. The contributors cover the mechanisms, ecology, and evolution of learning and memory, including detailed analyses of bee neurobiology, bird song, and spatial learning. They also explore decision making, with mechanistic analyses of reproductive behavior in voles, escape hatching by frog embryos, and predation in the auditory domain of bats and eared insects. Finally, they consider social cognition, focusing on alarm calls and the factors determining social learning strategies of corvids, fish, and mammals. With cognitive ecology ascending to its rightful place in behavioral and evolutionary research, this volume captures the promise that has been realized in the past decade and looks forward to new research prospects.

Cognitive Ecology

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Author: Morton P. Friedman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080529275
Size: 71.13 MB
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Cognitive Ecology by Morton P. Friedman

Original Title: Cognitive Ecology

Cognitive Ecology identifies the richness of input to our sensory evaluations, from our cultural heritage and philosophies of aesthetics to perceptual cognition and judgment. Integrating the arts, humanities, and sciences, Cognitive Ecology investigates the relationship of perception and cognition to wider issues of how science is conducted, and how the questions we ask about perception influence the answers we find. Part One discusses how issues of the human mind are inseparable from the culture from which the investigations arise, how mind and environment co-define experience and actions, and how culture otherwise influences cognitive function. Part Two outlines how philosophical themes of aesthetics have guided psychological research, and discuss the physical and aesthetic perception of music, film, and art. Part Three presents an overview of how the senses interact for sensory evaluation.

Cognitive Ecology Of Pollination

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Author: Lars Chittka
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139430043
Size: 19.83 MB
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Cognitive Ecology Of Pollination by Lars Chittka

Original Title: Cognitive Ecology Of Pollination

Important breakthroughs have recently been made in our understanding of the cognitive and sensory abilities of pollinators: how pollinators perceive, memorise and react to floral signals and rewards; how they work flowers, move among inflorescences and transport pollen. These new findings have obvious implications for the evolution of floral display and diversity, but most existing publications are scattered across a wide range of journals in very different research traditions. This book brings together for the first time outstanding scholars from many different fields of pollination biology, integrating the work of neuroethologists and evolutionary ecologists to present a multi-disciplinary approach. Aimed at graduates and researchers of behavioural and pollination ecology, plant evolutionary biology and neuroethology, it will also be a useful source of information for anyone interested in a modern view of cognitive and sensory ecology, pollination and floral evolution.

The Mind Of The Trout

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Author: Thomas C. Grubb
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299183745
Size: 57.21 MB
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The Mind Of The Trout by Thomas C. Grubb

Original Title: The Mind Of The Trout

How and why do trout think? How do they decide where to eat and which food to eat? Why do they refuse to behave as predicted, stumping anglers by rejecting a larger fly for a smaller one or not responding at all to anything in an angler's box? How do trout know to bolt to one particular covered area after being hooked or flushed? Why can trout smell better than humans but not remember as well? Citing the most recent scientific findings in a readily understandable form, Thomas C. Grubb, Jr. addresses these questions and more in The Mind of the Trout. It is the first book to bring together many varied concepts of cognitive ecology as applied to trout and their salmonid relatives: char, salmon, grayling, and whitefish.

The Cognitive Ecology Of Dynapad A Multiscale Workspace For Managing Personal Digital Collections

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Author: Daniel Stuart Bauer
Size: 42.25 MB
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The Cognitive Ecology Of Dynapad A Multiscale Workspace For Managing Personal Digital Collections by Daniel Stuart Bauer

Original Title: The Cognitive Ecology Of Dynapad A Multiscale Workspace For Managing Personal Digital Collections

Dynapad is a prototype software application designed to support users in organizing and exploring personal collections of digital information. It provides a continuously zoomable workspace, essentially an infinite desktop, on which users can arrange digital photos and document "portraits", visual summaries of collected PDF documents. To support users in engaging with their collections, Dynapad offers a unique combination of affordances. These include: 1) "brushing" media objects to reveal and highlight others related by various metadata; 2) interactively revisiting any episode in the history of one's workspace; and 3) employing portable "region-tools" which are computationally enriched with various forms of localized automation. An important special case of these region-tools is a digital "pile" which emulates -- and augments -- the affordances of paper which make "piling" a ubiquitous complement to "filing" as an organizational strategy. The resulting environment is flexible enough that users are left considerable freedom and responsibility to invent organizational strategies and to structure their own activity. The tactics they adopt are emergent and exaptive behaviors shaped by small details of Dynapad's design, the affordances and cues which together constitute the environment's "cost structure" for interaction. My research explores that cognitive ecology through detailed exploratory observation of two Dynapad users working with collections of their own digital documents. To analyze those observations, I trace a network of influences from design details to the behaviors they shape. My representation of that network identifies and dissociates affordances that participate differently in the cost structure, particularly in their contributions to piling. It is not meant to provide a predictive model of users' behavior; instead, it offers a theoretical framework for interpreting and synthesizing my and others' observations. Such a description is a necessary component of the understanding required for effective redesign of Dynapad and the design and development of other interactive systems.

Behavioral Mechanisms In Evolutionary Ecology

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Author: Leslie Real
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226705958
Size: 32.78 MB
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Behavioral Mechanisms In Evolutionary Ecology by Leslie Real

Original Title: Behavioral Mechanisms In Evolutionary Ecology

The first book-length exploration of behavioral mechanisms in evolutionary ecology, this ambitious volume illuminates long-standing questions about cause-and-effect relations between an animal's behavior and its environment. By focusing on biological mechanisms—the sum of an animal's cognitive, neural, developmental, and hormonal processes—leading researchers demonstrate how the integrated study of animal physiology, cognitive processes, and social interaction can yield an enriched understanding of behavior. With studies of species ranging from insects to primates, the contributors examine how various animals identify and use environmental resources and deal with ecological constraints, as well as the roles of learning, communication, and cognitive aspects of social interaction in behavioral evolution. Taken together, the chapters demonstrate how the study of internal mechanistic foundations of behavior in relation to their ecological and evolutionary contexts and outcomes provides valuable insight into such behaviors as predation, mating, and dispersal. Behavioral Mechanisms in Evolutionary Ecology shows how a mechanistic approach unites various levels of biological organization to provide a broader understanding of the biological bases of behavioral evolution.

Cognitive Behavior Modification

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Author: Donald Meichenbaum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475797397
Size: 18.71 MB
Format: PDF
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Cognitive Behavior Modification by Donald Meichenbaum

Original Title: Cognitive Behavior Modification

This book is an account of a personal journey through a research program. A number of people have helped guide my way. To them I am deeply grateful. Special thanks are offered to my students, whose constant stimulation and provocation were incentives to write this book. Moreover, in the belief that they would never show the initiative to put together a festschrift for me (Le., a book dedicated to someone for his contributions), I decided to do it myself. Several people cared enough to offer editorial criticisms, namely, Myles Genest, Barney Gilmore, Roy Cameron, Sherryl Goodman, and Dennis Turk. The reader benefits from their perspicacity. Finally, to my parents, who taught me to talk to myself, and to my family, without whose constant input this book would have been completed much sooner, but would have been much less fun, I dedicate this book. D.M. 5 Contents Prologue 11 Chapter 1 17 Self-Instructional Training Hyperactive, Impulsive Children: An Illustration of a Search for a Deficit 23 Luria's Model (24), Private Speech and Mediational Skills (27) Self-Instructional Treatment of Hyperactive, Impulsive Children: A Beginning 31 Empirical Studies of Self-Instructional Training 34 Combining Self-Instructions and Operant Procedures (44), Reasoning Rediscovered (47), Importance of Attributional Style (48), Taking Stock (54) Chapter 2 The Clinical Application of Self-Instructional Training to Other Clinical Populations: Three Illustrations 55 Social Isolates 56 Creative Problem-Solving 58 Adult Schizophrenics 68 What Shall We Say to Ourselves When We Obtain Negative Results? 77 7 8 Contents Chapter 3

The Science Of The Mind

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Author: Robert L. Solso
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195080645
Size: 75.64 MB
Format: PDF
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The Science Of The Mind by Robert L. Solso

Original Title: The Science Of The Mind

What is the future of psychology? Will it continue to splinter into increasingly disparate camps or find new common ground? This book brings together leading experts--including Roger Sperry, Stephen Kosslyn, and Gordon Bower--to answer such questions.

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