Cognitive Ecology

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Author: Reuven Dukas
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226169323
Size: 68.37 MB
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Cognitive Ecology by Reuven Dukas


Original Title: Cognitive Ecology

How does the environment shape the ways an animal processes information and makes decisions? How do constraints imposed on nervous systems affect an animal's activities? To help answer these questions, Cognitive Ecology integrates evolutionary ecology and cognitive science, demonstrating how studies of perception, memory, and learning can deepen our understanding of animal behavior and ecology. Individual chapters consider such issues as the evolution of learning and its influence on behavior; the effects of cognitive mechanisms on the evolution of signaling behavior; how neurobiological and evolutionary processes have shaped navigational activities; functional and mechanical explanations for altered behaviors in response to changing environments; how foragers make decisions and how these decisions are influenced by the risks of predation; and how cognitive mechanisms affect partner choice. Cognitive Ecology will encourage biologists to consider how animal cognition affects behavior, and will also interest comparative psychologists and cognitive scientists.

Cognitive Ecology

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Author: Morton P. Friedman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080529275
Size: 22.87 MB
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Cognitive Ecology by Morton P. Friedman


Original Title: Cognitive Ecology

Cognitive Ecology identifies the richness of input to our sensory evaluations, from our cultural heritage and philosophies of aesthetics to perceptual cognition and judgment. Integrating the arts, humanities, and sciences, Cognitive Ecology investigates the relationship of perception and cognition to wider issues of how science is conducted, and how the questions we ask about perception influence the answers we find. Part One discusses how issues of the human mind are inseparable from the culture from which the investigations arise, how mind and environment co-define experience and actions, and how culture otherwise influences cognitive function. Part Two outlines how philosophical themes of aesthetics have guided psychological research, and discuss the physical and aesthetic perception of music, film, and art. Part Three presents an overview of how the senses interact for sensory evaluation.

Cognitive Ecology Ii

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Author: Reuven Dukas
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226169375
Size: 46.74 MB
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Cognitive Ecology Ii by Reuven Dukas


Original Title: Cognitive Ecology Ii

Merging evolutionary ecology and cognitive science, cognitive ecology investigates how animal interactions with natural habitats shape cognitive systems, and how constraints on nervous systems limit or bias animal behavior. Research in cognitive ecology has expanded rapidly in the past decade, and this second volume builds on the foundations laid out in the first, published in 1998. Cognitive Ecology II integrates numerous scientific disciplines to analyze the ecology and evolution of animal cognition. The contributors cover the mechanisms, ecology, and evolution of learning and memory, including detailed analyses of bee neurobiology, bird song, and spatial learning. They also explore decision making, with mechanistic analyses of reproductive behavior in voles, escape hatching by frog embryos, and predation in the auditory domain of bats and eared insects. Finally, they consider social cognition, focusing on alarm calls and the factors determining social learning strategies of corvids, fish, and mammals. With cognitive ecology ascending to its rightful place in behavioral and evolutionary research, this volume captures the promise that has been realized in the past decade and looks forward to new research prospects.

Cognitive Ecology Of Pollination

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Author: Lars Chittka
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139430043
Size: 71.32 MB
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Cognitive Ecology Of Pollination by Lars Chittka


Original Title: Cognitive Ecology Of Pollination

Important breakthroughs have recently been made in our understanding of the cognitive and sensory abilities of pollinators: how pollinators perceive, memorise and react to floral signals and rewards; how they work flowers, move among inflorescences and transport pollen. These new findings have obvious implications for the evolution of floral display and diversity, but most existing publications are scattered across a wide range of journals in very different research traditions. This book brings together for the first time outstanding scholars from many different fields of pollination biology, integrating the work of neuroethologists and evolutionary ecologists to present a multi-disciplinary approach. Aimed at graduates and researchers of behavioural and pollination ecology, plant evolutionary biology and neuroethology, it will also be a useful source of information for anyone interested in a modern view of cognitive and sensory ecology, pollination and floral evolution.

The Mind Of The Trout

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Author: Thomas C. Grubb
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299183745
Size: 12.42 MB
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The Mind Of The Trout by Thomas C. Grubb


Original Title: The Mind Of The Trout

How and why do trout think? How do they decide where to eat and which food to eat? Why do they refuse to behave as predicted, stumping anglers by rejecting a larger fly for a smaller one or not responding at all to anything in an angler's box? How do trout know to bolt to one particular covered area after being hooked or flushed? Why can trout smell better than humans but not remember as well? Citing the most recent scientific findings in a readily understandable form, Thomas C. Grubb, Jr. addresses these questions and more in The Mind of the Trout. It is the first book to bring together many varied concepts of cognitive ecology as applied to trout and their salmonid relatives: char, salmon, grayling, and whitefish.

Cognitive Ecology Of Pollination

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Author: Lars Chittka
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521018401
Size: 70.34 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Cognitive Ecology Of Pollination by Lars Chittka


Original Title: Cognitive Ecology Of Pollination

Important breakthroughs have recently been made in our understanding of the cognitive and sensory abilities of pollinators, such as how pollinators perceive, memorize, and react to floral signals and rewards; how they work flowers, move among inflorescences, and transport pollen. These new findings have obvious implications for the evolution of floral display and diversity, but most existing publications are scattered across a wide range of journals in very different research traditions. This book brings together outstanding scholars from many different fields of pollination biology, integrating the work of neuroethologists and evolutionary ecologists to present a multidisciplinary approach.

Theatre Ecology Cognition

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Author: T. Paavolainen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137277920
Size: 73.64 MB
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Theatre Ecology Cognition by T. Paavolainen


Original Title: Theatre Ecology Cognition

How is performer-object interaction enacted and perceived in the theatre? How thereby are varieties of 'meaning' also enacted and perceived? Using cognitive theory and ecological ontology, Paavolainen investigates how the interplay of actors and objects affords a degree of enjoyment and understanding, whether or not the viewer speaks the language.

Cognitive Ecology Of Foraging Multimodal Signals And The Speed Accuracy Trade Off

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Author: Ipek Gokce Kulahci
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 27.52 MB
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Cognitive Ecology Of Foraging Multimodal Signals And The Speed Accuracy Trade Off by Ipek Gokce Kulahci


Original Title: Cognitive Ecology Of Foraging Multimodal Signals And The Speed Accuracy Trade Off

Many signals in nature are complex and composed of several components. However, the advantages and disadvantages of complex signaling are not completely understood. Although complex signals are advantageous for vertebrate decision-making processes, our understanding of whether similar advantages exist for invertebrates is limited. To investigate how signal complexity influences learning and decision-making in foraging bumblebees (Bombus impatiens), I trained them on unimodal (shape or olfactory) or multimodal (shape and olfactory) flowers. Addition of olfactory cues to visual cues improved the learning of bees. A speed-accuracy trade-off in decision-making reflects the difficulty of decisions. The bees trained on multimodal flowers made more accurate decisions without reducing their speed, and had higher target finding rates (correct visits/total decision time). These results suggest that bees forage more efficiently when flowers signal in more than one modality, and support arguments pointing out problems with studying signal components separately.

Cognition In The Wild

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Author: Edwin Hutchins
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262082310
Size: 35.62 MB
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Cognition In The Wild by Edwin Hutchins


Original Title: Cognition In The Wild

Hutchins examines a set of phenomena that have fallen between the established disciplines of psychology and anthropology, bringing to light a new set of relationships between culture and cognition. The standard view is that culture affects the cognition of individuals. Hutchins argues instead that cultural activity systems have cognitive properties of their own that differ from the cognitive properties of the individuals who participate in them. Each action for bringing a large naval vessel into port, for example, is informed by culture; thus the navigation team can be seen as a cognitive and computational system

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