Cognitive Technology

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Author: W. Richard Walker
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 9780786484539
Size: 26.12 MB
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Cognitive Technology by W. Richard Walker

Original Title: Cognitive Technology

Rapidly growing cognitive technologies (such as word processors, web browsers, cell phones, and personal data assistants) aid learning, memory, and problem solving, and contribute to every part of modern life from interviewing crime witnesses to learning a foreign language to calling one's mother. This collection of essays on cognitive technology examines the interaction between the human mind and the tools people create to enhance it, studying which technologies assist cognition the most and what features are most effective. It also considers the point at which the technological enhancement of human ability begins to restrict that very ability, such as the risk of some cognitive technologies impairing cognition or creating disadvantages for individuals or groups. This collection of 11 essays discusses the most recent psychological research in cognitive technology, showcasing the paradigms and theories that have driven the development of new cognitive technologies. It explores the impact of technology on cognitive psychology, the classroom, and social interaction and group problem solving. Topics covered include the distracting characteristics of new technologies (such as the effects of cell phone use on driving ability and of distracting advertisements on problem solving), the study of mass media through assessing memories for media experiences, the media's role in advancing gender and racial prejudices, and the misuse of cognitive technology through identity theft and cyberterrorism. Each essay concludes with a bibliography.

Cognitive Technology

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Author: J.L. Mey
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080529318
Size: 12.84 MB
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Cognitive Technology by J.L. Mey

Original Title: Cognitive Technology

In this book the editors have gathered a number of contributions by persons who have been working on problems of Cognitive Technology (CT). The present collection initiates explorations of the human mind via the technologies the mind produces. These explorations take as their point of departure the question What happens when humans produce new technologies? Two interdependent perspectives from which such a production can be approached are adopted: • How and why constructs that have their origins in human mental life are embodied in physical environments when people fabricate their habitat, even to the point of those constructs becoming that very habitat • How and why these fabricated habitats affect, and feed back into, human mental life. The aim of the CT research programme is to determine, in general, which technologies, and in particular, which interactive computer-based technologies, are humane with respect to the cognitive development and evolutionary adaptation of their end users. But what does it really mean to be humane in a technological world? To shed light on this central issue other pertinent questions are raised, e.g. • Why are human minds externalised, i.e., what purpose does the process of externalisation serve? • What can we learn about the human mind by studying how it externalises itself? • How does the use of externalised mental constructs (the objects we call 'tools') change people fundamentally? • To what extent does human interaction with technology serve as an amplification of human cognition, and to what extent does it lead to a atrophy of the human mind? The book calls for a reflection on what a tool is. Strong parallels between CT and environmentalism are drawn: both are seen as trends having originated in our need to understand how we manipulate, by means of the tools we have created, our natural habitat consisting of, on the one hand, the cognitive environment which generates thought and determines action, and on the other hand, the physical environment in which thought and action are realised. Both trends endeavour to protect the human habitat from the unwanted or uncontrolled impact of technology, and are ultimately concerned with the ethics and aesthetics of tool design and tool use. Among the topics selected by the contributors to the book, the following themes emerge (the list is not exhaustive): using technology to empower the cognitively impaired; the ethics versus aesthetics of technology; the externalisation of emotive and affective life and its special dialectic ('mirror') effects; creativity enhancement: cognitive space, problem tractability; externalisation of sensory life and mental imagery; the engineering and modelling aspects of externalised life; externalised communication channels and inner dialogue; externalised learning protocols; relevance analysis as a theoretical framework for cognitive technology.

Cognitive Technology Instruments Of Mind

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Author: Meurig Beynon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540446176
Size: 22.27 MB
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Cognitive Technology Instruments Of Mind by Meurig Beynon

Original Title: Cognitive Technology Instruments Of Mind

Cognitive Technology: Instruments of Mind Cognitive Technology is the study of the impact of technology on human cog- tion, the externalization of technology from the human mind, and the pragmatics of tools. It promotes the view that human beings should develop methods to p- dict, analyse, and optimize aspects of human-tool relationship in a manner that respects human wholeness. In particular the development of new tools such as virtual environments, new computer devices, and software tools has been too little concerned with the impacts these technologies will have on human cog- tive and social capacities. Our tools change what we are and how we relate to the world around us. They need to be developed in a manner that both extends human capabilities while ensuring an appropriate cognitive t between organism and instrument. The principal theme of the CT 2001 conference and volume is declared in its title: Instruments of Mind. Cognitive Technology is concerned with the interaction between two worlds: that of the mind and that of the machine. In science and engineering, this - teraction is often explored by posing the question: how can technology be best tailored to human cognition? But as the history of technological developments has consistently shown, cognition is also fashioned by technology. Technologies as diverse as writing, electricity generation, and the silicon chip all illustrate the profound and dynamic impact of technology upon ourselves and our conceptions of the world.

Humane Interfaces

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Author: J.P. Marsh
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080552132
Size: 12.25 MB
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Humane Interfaces by J.P. Marsh

Original Title: Humane Interfaces

Ever since the first successful International Cognitive Technology (CT) Conference in Hong Kong in August 1995, a growing concern about the dehumanising potential of machines, and the machining potential of the human mind, has pervaded the organisers' thinking. When setting up the agenda for the Second International CT Conference in Aizu, Japan, in August of 1997, they were aware that a number of new approaches had seen the light, but that the need to integrate them within a human framework had become more urgent than ever, due to the accelerating pace of technological and commercialised developments in the computer related fields of industry and research What the present book does is re-emphasize the importance of the 'human factor' - not as something that we should 'also' take into account, when doing technology, but as the primary driving force and supreme aim of our technological endeavours. Machining the human should not happen, but humanising the machine should. La Humacha should replace the Hemachine in our thinking about these matters.

Cognitive Technologies

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Author: Alberto Paradisi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319537539
Size: 26.21 MB
Format: PDF
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Cognitive Technologies by Alberto Paradisi

Original Title: Cognitive Technologies

This book focuses on the next generation optical networks as well as mobile communication technologies. The reader will find chapters on Cognitive Optical Network, 5G Cognitive Wireless, LTE, Data Analysis and Natural Language Processing. It also presents a comprehensive view of the enhancements and requirements foreseen for Machine Type Communication. Moreover, some data analysis techniques and Brazilian Portuguese natural language processing technologies are also described here.

Cognition Distributed

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Author: Itiel E. Dror
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027222460
Size: 51.73 MB
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Cognition Distributed by Itiel E. Dror

Original Title: Cognition Distributed

Our species has been a maker and user of tools for over two million years, but "cognitive technology" began with language. Cognition is thinking, and thinking has been "distributed" for at least the two hundred millennia that we have been using speech to interact and collaborate, allowing us to do collectively far more than any of us could have done individually. The invention of writing six millennia ago and print six centuries ago has distributed cognition still more widely and quickly, among people as well as their texts. But in recent decades something radically new has been happening: Advanced cognitive technologies, especially computers and the Worldwide Web, are beginning to redistribute cognition in unprecedented ways, not only among people and static texts, but among people and dynamical machines. This not only makes possible new forms of human collaboration, but new forms of cognition. This book examines the nature and prospects of distributed cognition, providing a conceptual framework for understanding it, and showcasing case studies of its development. This volume was originally published as a Special Issue of Pragmatics & Cognition (14:2, 2006).

Cognitive Technology In Psychiatric Rehabilitation

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Author: William Delbert Spaulding
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803242241
Size: 19.76 MB
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Cognitive Technology In Psychiatric Rehabilitation by William Delbert Spaulding

Original Title: Cognitive Technology In Psychiatric Rehabilitation

Remarkable advances in the past two decades in the molecular biological sciences and in the behavioral and social sciences have deepened our understanding of schizophrenia, one of the most disabling of psychiatric conditions. Most recently research has begun to converge on the cognitive characteristics of schizophrenia, as understood in the modern context of the cognitive sciences. The cognitive processes of perception, language, logical thought, problem solving, and emotional regulation have long been known to be seriously impaired in schizophrenia, and it is clear that cognitive impairments contribute heavily to the disabilities suffered by schizophrenic patients. However, it is not clear that technologies forødealing with such impairments will be forthcoming. Contributing to this collection of essays are clinicians, cognitive scientists, and policy makers who address the spectrum of questions which must be answered if the potential of cognitive science and technology is to be realized in psychiatric rehabilitation: How are we to understand cognitive impairments in terms of the etiology of schizophrenia? How should we measure and assess cognition in disabled individuals? How can we use information about a patient's cognitive functioning in treatment planning and rehabilitation? Can we directly remediate cognitive impairments with pharmacological or psychological treatment? Even if cognitive technologies prove useful, how can we get the mental health system to adopt them? If they are adopted, how might this in turn affect the mental health system and health care policy in general? The views of the contributors give cause for some optimism about the potential usefulness of cognitive technology and its future availability in the mental health system. This work defines the issues and establishes an agenda for continued research and policy development.

Digital Cognitive Technologies

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Author: Claire Brossard
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118599853
Size: 79.37 MB
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Digital Cognitive Technologies by Claire Brossard

Original Title: Digital Cognitive Technologies

Digital Cognitive Technologies is an interdisciplinary book which assesses the socio-technical stakes of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), which are at the core of the ?Knowledge Society.? This book addresses eight major issues, analyzed by authors writing from a Human and Social Science and a Science and Technology perspective. The contributions seek to explore whether and how ICTs are changing our perception of time, space, social structures and networks, document writing and dissemination, sense-making and interpretation, cooperation, politics, and the dynamics of collective activity (socio-informatics).

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