Enzymology Of Disturbed Soils

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Author: S. Kiss
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080531144
Size: 52.40 MB
Format: PDF
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Enzymology Of Disturbed Soils by S. Kiss

Original Title: Enzymology Of Disturbed Soils

The disturbance of soils, like other phenomena of environmental pollution, encountered in so many areas all over the world, has become a subject of extensive concern and has led to a vast amount of literature in the field of enzymology, too. The book is the first comprehensive and updated review of the enzymological literature on three great categories of disturbed soils, including their remediation. The volume consists of three sections: I. Enzymology of oil-contaminated soils; II. Enzymology of soils affected by industrial emissions; and III, enzymology of technogenic soils. Within each section the reviewed studies are grouped by country. The volume will be of great value to soil scientists, environmental scientists, conservationists, and many other scientists in these and related fields.

Enzymes In The Environment

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Author: Richard G. Burns
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824744209
Size: 53.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Enzymes In The Environment by Richard G. Burns

Original Title: Enzymes In The Environment

The need to understand the biological processes that are important for essential aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem function has prompted much research into the field of ecological enzymology. This book presents the two broad areas of application in a compilation of reviews by 21 international experts in their respective fields. The first explores enzymatic activities to assess the processes or mechanisms that operate in a given system, such as the rhizosphere, plant leaves and shoots, soil surfaces, and biofilms. The second considers enzymes or microbial cells as sensors to detect microbial activity and stresses due to pollution, management, or climatic change in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.

Soil Enzymology In The Recycling Of Organic Wastes And Environmental Restoration

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Author: Carmen Trasar-Cepeda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642211621
Size: 76.49 MB
Format: PDF
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Soil Enzymology In The Recycling Of Organic Wastes And Environmental Restoration by Carmen Trasar-Cepeda

Original Title: Soil Enzymology In The Recycling Of Organic Wastes And Environmental Restoration

Soil enzymes play a fundamental role in many soil processes such as the mineralization of organic matter, the synthesis of humic substances, the degradation of xenobiotics or the mechanisms involved in the biocontrol of plant pathogens. Their direct link with soil microorganisms gives them a key role as biomonitors of the evolution of soil quality or in the monitoring of the application of organic amendments to degraded soils. As a consequence of the importance of soil enzymes on soil processes, there is an increasing interest in their study, as well as in the application of molecular techniques as diagnostic tools.

Handbook Of Soil Sciences

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Author: Pan Ming Huang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439803064
Size: 41.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Handbook Of Soil Sciences by Pan Ming Huang

Original Title: Handbook Of Soil Sciences

An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Properties and Processes, Second Edition is the first of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers the traditional areas of soil science: soil physics, soil chemistry, soil mineralogy, soil biology and biochemistry, and pedology. Contributors discuss the application of physical principles to characterize the soil system and mass and energy transport processes within the critical zone. They present significant advances in soil chemistry; describe how minerals are formed and transformed; and provide an introduction to the soil biota. They also examine geomorphology, land use, hydropedology, and subaqueous soils as well as the classification and digital mapping of soil. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

Soil Enzymology

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Author: Girish Shukla
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642142253
Size: 16.82 MB
Format: PDF
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Soil Enzymology by Girish Shukla

Original Title: Soil Enzymology

Soil enzymes are one of the vital key mediators involved in nutrient recycling and the decomposition of organic matter and thereby in maintaining soil quality and fertility. This Soil Biology volume covers the various facets of soil enzymes, such as their functions, biochemical and microbiological properties and the factors affecting their activities. Enzymes in the rhizosphere, in forest soils, and in volcanic ash-derived soils are described. Soil enzymes covered include phosphohydrolases, lignocellulose-degrading enzymes, phenol oxidases, fungal oxidoreductases, keratinases, pectinases, xylanases, lipases and pectinases. Several chapters treat the soil enzymatic activities in the bioremediation of soils contaminated with pesticides and pollutants such as oil, chlorinated compounds, synthetic dyes and aromatic hydrocarbons. The role of soil enzymes as bioindicators is a further important topic addressed.

Methods Of Soil Enzymology

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Author: Richard P. Dick
Publisher: ASA-CSSA-SSSA
ISBN: 9780891188544
Size: 16.10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Methods Of Soil Enzymology by Richard P. Dick

Original Title: Methods Of Soil Enzymology

Methods in Soil Enzymology provides the first comprehensive set of vetted methods for studying enzymes in soils. Main topics include activity assays, enzyme extraction, and synthetic enzyme complexes. Each method covered includes background information, step-by-step descriptions of the procedure, and special comments regarding nuances, pitfalls, and interpretation of the method. Learn the latest research methods, including enzyme extraction methods and procedures for creating synthetic enzyme complexes, as well as the newest ways to use small-scale and high-throughput methods for enzyme activity assays. In the tradition of SSSA methods books, Methods of Soil Enzymology features a comprehensive approach with a focus on ease of use.

Development Of Pedotransfer Functions In Soil Hydrology

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Author: Y. Pachepsky
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080530362
Size: 40.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Development Of Pedotransfer Functions In Soil Hydrology by Y. Pachepsky

Original Title: Development Of Pedotransfer Functions In Soil Hydrology

Environmental and agricultural modeling and assessment have a multitude of uses for soil parameters governing retention and transport of water and chemicals in soils. These parameters are notorious for the difficulties and high labor costs involved in measuring them. Good estimates instead of direct measurements may be accurate enough for many applications. Pedotransfer functions provide such estimates by utilizing available soil survey information to translate data we have into data we need. This book is the first book on the topic. It provides the unique compendium of pedotransfer functions, summarizes the vast international experience in this field, and shows how the value of soil data can be increased by using them in pedotransfer functions to predict soil hydrologic and related properties. The book is a rich source of information crucial for environmental research and applications.

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