Evolution Of Nervous Systems

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Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128040963
Size: 34.33 MB
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Evolution Of Nervous Systems by


Original Title: Evolution Of Nervous Systems

Evolution of Nervous Systems, Second Edition is a unique, major reference which offers the gold standard for those interested both in evolution and nervous systems. All biology only makes sense when seen in the light of evolution, and this is especially true for the nervous system. All animals have nervous systems that mediate their behaviors, many of them species specific, yet these nervous systems all evolved from the simple nervous system of a common ancestor. To understand these nervous systems, we need to know how they vary and how this variation emerged in evolution. In the first edition of this important reference work, over 100 distinguished neuroscientists assembled the current state-of-the-art knowledge on how nervous systems have evolved throughout the animal kingdom. This second edition remains rich in detail and broad in scope, outlining the changes in brain and nervous system organization that occurred from the first invertebrates and vertebrates, to present day fishes, reptiles, birds, mammals, and especially primates, including humans. The book also includes wholly new content, fully updating the chapters in the previous edition and offering brand new content on current developments in the field. Each of the volumes has been carefully restructured to offer expanded coverage of non-mammalian taxa, mammals, primates, and the human nervous system. The basic principles of brain evolution are discussed, as are mechanisms of change. The reader can select from chapters on highly specific topics or those that provide an overview of current thinking and approaches, making this an indispensable work for students and researchers alike. Presents a broad range of topics, ranging from genetic control of development in invertebrates, to human cognition, offering a one-stop resource for the evolution of nervous systems throughout the animal kingdom Incorporates the expertise of over 100 outstanding investigators who provide their conclusions in the context of the latest experimental results Presents areas of disagreement and consensus views that provide a holistic view of the subjects under discussion

Structure And Evolution Of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

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Author: Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191066214
Size: 73.99 MB
Format: PDF
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Structure And Evolution Of Invertebrate Nervous Systems by Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa


Original Title: Structure And Evolution Of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

The nervous system is particularly fascinating for many biologists because it controls animal characteristics such as movement, behavior, and coordinated thinking. Invertebrate neurobiology has traditionally been studied in specific model organisms, whilst knowledge of the broad diversity of nervous system architecture and its evolution among metazoan animals has received less attention. This is the first major reference work in the field for 50 years, bringing together many leading evolutionary neurobiologists to review the most recent research on the structure of invertebrate nervous systems and provide a comprehensive and authoritative overview for a new generation of researchers. Presented in full colour throughout, Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems synthesizes and illustrates the numerous new findings that have been made possible with light and electron microscopy. These include the recent introduction of new molecular and optical techniques such as immunohistochemical staining of neuron-specific antigens and fluorescence in-situ-hybridization, combined with visualization by confocal laser scanning microscopy. New approaches to analysing the structure of the nervous system are also included such as micro-computational tomography, cryo-soft X-ray tomography, and various 3-D visualization techniques. The book follows a systematic and phylogenetic structure, covering a broad range of taxa, interspersed with chapters focusing on selected topics in nervous system functioning which are presented as research highlights and perspectives. This comprehensive reference work will be an essential companion for graduate students and researchers alike in the fields of metazoan neurobiology, morphology, zoology, phylogeny and evolution.

The Nervous Systems Of Invertebrates An Evolutionary And Comparative Approach

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Author: O. Breidbach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764350765
Size: 20.80 MB
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The Nervous Systems Of Invertebrates An Evolutionary And Comparative Approach by O. Breidbach


Original Title: The Nervous Systems Of Invertebrates An Evolutionary And Comparative Approach

In this volume outstanding specialists review the state of the art in nervous system research for all main invertebrate groups. They provide a comprehensive up-to-date analysis important for everyone working on neuronal aspects of single groups, as well as taking into account the phylogenesis of invertebrates. The articles report on recently gained knowledge about diversification in the invertebrate nervous systems, and demonstrate the analytical power of a comparative approach. Novel techniques in molecular and developmental biology are creating new perspectives that point toward a theoretical foundation for a modern organismic biology. The comparative approach, as documented here, will engage the interest of anyone challenged by the problem of structural diversification in biology.

Evolutionary Neuroscience

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Author: Jon H. Kaas
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123751683
Size: 68.74 MB
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Evolutionary Neuroscience by Jon H. Kaas


Original Title: Evolutionary Neuroscience

Evolutionary Neuroscience is a collection of articles in brain evolution selected from the recent comprehensive reference, Evolution of Nervous Systems (Elsevier, Academic Press, 2007). The selected chapters cover a broad range of topics from historical theory to the most recent deductions from comparative studies of brains. The articles are organized in sections focused on theories and brain scaling, the evolution of brains from early vertebrates to present-day fishes, amphibians, reptiles and birds, the evolution of mammalian brains, and the evolution of primate brains, including human brains. Each chapter is written by a leader or leaders in the field, and has been reviewed by other experts. Specific topics include brain character reconstruction, principles of brain scaling, basic features of vertebrate brains, the evolution of the major sensory systems, and other parts of brains, what we can learn from fossils, the origin of neocortex, and the evolution of specializations of human brains. The collection of articles will be interesting to anyone who is curious about how brains evolved from the simpler nervous systems of the first vertebrates into the many different complex forms now found in present-day vertebrates. This book would be of use to students at the graduate or undergraduate levels, as well as professional neuroscientists, cognitive scientists, and psychologists. Together, the chapters provide a comprehensive list of further reading and references for those who want to inquire further. • The most comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date single volume collection on brain evolution • Full color throughout, with many illustrations • Written by leading scholars and experts

The Long Evolution Of Brains And Minds

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Author: Gerhard Roth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400762593
Size: 50.64 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Long Evolution Of Brains And Minds by Gerhard Roth


Original Title: The Long Evolution Of Brains And Minds

The main topic of the book is a reconstruction of the evolution of nervous systems and brains as well as of mental-cognitive abilities, in short “intelligence” from simplest organisms to humans. It investigates to which extent the two are correlated. One central topic is the alleged uniqueness of the human brain and human intelligence and mind. It is discussed which neural features make certain animals and humans intelligent and creative: Is it absolute or relative brain size or the size of “intelligence centers” inside the brains, the number of nerve cells inside the brain in total or in such “intelligence centers” decisive for the degree of intelligence, of mind and eventually consciousness? And which are the driving forces behind these processes? Finally, it is asked what all this means for the classical problem of mind-brain relationship and for a naturalistic theory of mind.

An Introduction To Nervous Systems

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Author: Ralph J. Greenspan
Publisher: CSHL Press
ISBN: 0879698217
Size: 20.93 MB
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An Introduction To Nervous Systems by Ralph J. Greenspan


Original Title: An Introduction To Nervous Systems

An Introduction to Nervous Systemspresents the principles of neurobiology from an evolutionary perspective — from single-celled organisms to complex invertebrates such as flies — and is ideal for use as a supplemental textbook. Greenspan describes the mechanisms that allow behavior to become ever more sophisticated — from simple avoidance behavior of Parameciumthrough to the complex cognitive behaviors of the honeybee — and shows how these mechanisms produce the increasing neural complexity found in these organisms. The book ends with a discussion of what is universal about nervous systems and what may be required, neurobiologically, to be human. This novel and highly readable presentation of fundamental principles of neurobiology is designed to be accessible to undergraduate and graduate students not already steeped in the subject.

Neurosciences From Molecule To Behavior A University Textbook

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Author: Giovanni Galizia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642107699
Size: 23.15 MB
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Neurosciences From Molecule To Behavior A University Textbook by Giovanni Galizia


Original Title: Neurosciences From Molecule To Behavior A University Textbook

Neurosciences – a comprehensive approach This textbook covers neuroscience from cellular and molecular mechanisms to behavior and cognitive processing. We also address evolution of the nervous system, computational neuroscience, the history of neuroscience as a discipline and neurophilosophy – to name but a few. The book provides the newest state-of-the-art knowledge about neuroscience from across the animal kingdom, with particular emphasis on model species commonly used in neuroscience labs across the world: mouse, zebra fish, fruit fly, honeybee, and nematode worm. We aim at university students of neuroscience, psychology, biological sciences, and medical sciences, but also computer scientists, philosophers, or anybody interested in understanding how brains work.

The Wiley Handbook Of Evolutionary Neuroscience

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Author: Stephen V. Shepherd
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118316614
Size: 12.94 MB
Format: PDF
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The Wiley Handbook Of Evolutionary Neuroscience by Stephen V. Shepherd


Original Title: The Wiley Handbook Of Evolutionary Neuroscience

Comprehensive and authoritative, The Wiley Handbook of Evolutionary Neuroscience unifies the diverse strands of an interdisciplinary field exploring the evolution of brains and cognition. A comprehensive reference that unifies the diverse interests and approaches associated with the neuroscientific study of brain evolution and the emergence of cognition Tackles some of the biggest questions in neuroscience including what brains are for, what factors constrain their biological development, and how they evolve and interact Provides a broad and balanced view of the subject, reviewing both vertebrate and invertebrate anatomy and emphasizing their shared origins and mechanisms Features contributions from highly respected scholars in their fields

Biology

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Author: Eldra Solomon
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1285423585
Size: 44.87 MB
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Biology by Eldra Solomon


Original Title: Biology

Solomon/Martin/Martin/Berg, BIOLOGY is often described as the best majors text for LEARNING biology. Working like a built-in study guide, the superbly integrated, inquiry-based learning system guides you through every chapter. Key concepts appear clearly at the beginning of each chapter and learning objectives start each section. You can quickly check the key points at the end of each section before moving on to the next one. At the end of the chapter a specially focused summary provides further reinforcement of the learning objectives and you are given the opportunity to test your understanding of the material. The tenth edition offers expanded integration of the text’s five guiding themes of biology (the evolution of life, the transmission of biological information, the flow of energy through living systems, interactions among biological systems, and the inter-relationship of structure and function). Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

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