Categories Categorization And Categorizing

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Author: Anna Tyllström
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787142396
Size: 77.75 MB
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Categories Categorization And Categorizing by Anna Tyllström


Original Title: Categories Categorization And Categorizing

This volume brings together some of the world's leading scholars of market categorization. Together, their contributions depict categorization as both a cognitive and a social process, tightly connected to actors involved, their specific acts, the entity being categorized, and the context and timing which inform these activities.

Handbook Of Categorization In Cognitive Science

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Author: Henri Cohen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080457413
Size: 72.34 MB
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Handbook Of Categorization In Cognitive Science by Henri Cohen


Original Title: Handbook Of Categorization In Cognitive Science

Categorization, the basic cognitive process of arranging objects into categories, is a fundamental process in human and machine intelligence and is central to investigations and research in cognitive science. Until now, categorization has been approached from singular disciplinary perspectives with little overlap or communication between the disciplines involved (Linguistics, Psychology, Philosophy, Neuroscience, Computer Science, Cognitive Anthropology). Henri Cohen and Claire Lefebvre have gathered together a stellar collection of contributors in this unique, ambitious attempt to bring together converging disciplinary and conceptual perspectives on this topic. "Categorization is a key concept across the range of cognitive sciences, including linguistics and philosophy, yet hitherto it has been hard to find accounts that go beyond the concerns of one or two individual disciplines. The Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science provides just the sort of interdisciplinary approach that is necessary to synthesize knowledge from the different fields and provide the basis for future innovation." Professor Bernard Comrie, Department of Linguistics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Germany "Anyone concerned with language, semantics, or categorization will want to have this encyclopedic collection." Professor Eleanor Rosch, Dept of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, USA

Categories In Markets

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Author: Greta Hsu
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 0857245937
Size: 18.23 MB
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Categories In Markets by Greta Hsu


Original Title: Categories In Markets

Consumers, producers, critics, and other market agents rely on socially constructed categories like 'craft' beers, houseware 'collectibles', and 'thriller' films for their understanding of products and producers in markets. Although organizational and sociological accounts often take such categories as given, researchers increasingly acknowledge that category emergence, development, and functioning represent key aspects of how markets work. Take, for example, the U.S. brewing industry, which has become segmented into mass versus specialty producers. Many beer lovers who appreciate the characteristics of a beer made by small, specialty breweries are not willing to buy an equivalent beer made by an integrated, major producer. Knowledge of what specialty beer has come to mean and represent to consumers as the product of an authentic, artisanal production process and delivery is crucial for our understanding of how this market and competitive dynamics within it have evolved. This volume focuses on how market categories shape processes of production and consumption and how these activities in turn shape category systems. This volume consists of original contributions to theory and empirical research by a diverse group of esteemed authors. Topics explored include how new categories emerge, become enacted and gain consensus, how categories are used by market agents (including as tools for interpretation, as mobilization frames, and as cognitive infrastructures for learning), and how category systems change over time. These topics are explored from a variety of perspectives: new institutional theory, organizational ecology, social movement theory, and socio-cognitive theories of markets. The breadth of perspectives in this volume attests to th

Categories In Text And Talk

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Author: Georgia Lepper
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446275647
Size: 74.95 MB
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Categories In Text And Talk by Georgia Lepper


Original Title: Categories In Text And Talk

`This is a very fine introduction to the tradition and practice of categorisation analysis, a method for analysing language derived from the work of Harvey Sacks. Georgia Lepper conveys with great effectiveness and simplicity the basic principles of this method, and enables the reader to apply it in practice. Through a series of practical exercises and worked examples, the reader is taken through the necessary steps to achieve full independence in practice of this important analytic method. A great deal of practical wisdom and experience has gone into this book, and it will undoubtedly be of great assistance to students and researchers seeking to apply this still innovative approach to qualitative data analysis' - Clive Seale, Goldsmiths College, University of London `A stunning introduction to categorization analysis! Georgia Lepper is a master teacher and her book a major achievement. Sensibly organized, amply illustrated, and deftly instructive, this remarkably clear text is a pedagogical milestone in the area' - Jaber F Gubrium, University of Florida This is the first practical book on how to apply Harvey Sacks' `membership categorization analysis' technique, an increasingly influential method for conversation analysis. Categorization analysis is a method for the study of situated social action and offers a complementary method to the traditional sequential analysis used in the study of naturally occurring talk and text. The author provides an understanding of the concepts through an analysis of data samples and a series of exercises. Later chapters discuss the application to a variety of disciplines. Examples used to illustrate the approach include, talk, text and images, narratives, stories and organizational settings. The practice of research is further elucidated in the use of an extended case study and the topics of reliability, validity and ethics are also covered. Additional features include suggested further readings at the end of each chapter and a glossary of terms. The book will be invaluable to students and beginning researchers in the disciplines of linguistics, sociology and anthropology, and other main users of conversational and narrative analysis methods, in cultural studies, ethnography, organization studies, discursive psychology and psychotherapy, who are seeking empirical methods for the study of the phenomena of everyday interaction. This book can be used as a companion volume to Doing Conversation Analysis: A Practical Guide also published in the Introducing Qualitative Methods series.

Linguistic Categorization

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Author: John R. Taylor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199266646
Size: 74.21 MB
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Linguistic Categorization by John R. Taylor


Original Title: Linguistic Categorization

This text provides a readable and clearly articulated introduction to the field of cognitive linguistics. It explores the far-reaching implications of Eleanor Rosch's seminal work on categorization and prototype theory, extending the application of prototype theory from lexical semantics to morphology, syntax and phonology. The third edition is fully revised and updated to include the considerable developments in cognitive linguistics since 1987. It covers contemporary research on polysemy, meaning relatedness and metaphors, as well as expanding the discussion of syntactic categories and the relevance of computer simulations.

Culture In Action

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Author: Stephen Hester
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761805847
Size: 46.51 MB
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Culture In Action by Stephen Hester


Original Title: Culture In Action

This collection of new studies in ethnomethodology addresses sociology's classical questions by developing that strand of ethnomethodological inquiry dealing with membership categorization. This book provides detailed studies of members' use of membership categories across various settings from the O.J. Simpson trial, via TV commercials and news headlines, to school staff and referral meetings. The studies show that category use is occasional, that culture is always internal to action; accordingly sociology's key theoretical problems and substantive areas are re-specified in terms of members' methods of membership categorization. This is the first collection of original, unpublished studies by internationally renowned practitioners of ethnomethodology of members' uses of the descriptive resources of language to describe persons. Co-published with The International Institute for Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis.

Linguistic Categorization

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Author: John R. Taylor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199266646
Size: 72.29 MB
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Linguistic Categorization by John R. Taylor


Original Title: Linguistic Categorization

This text provides a readable and clearly articulated introduction to the field of cognitive linguistics. It explores the far-reaching implications of Eleanor Rosch's seminal work on categorization and prototype theory, extending the application of prototype theory from lexical semantics to morphology, syntax and phonology. The third edition is fully revised and updated to include the considerable developments in cognitive linguistics since 1987. It covers contemporary research on polysemy, meaning relatedness and metaphors, as well as expanding the discussion of syntactic categories and the relevance of computer simulations.

Categories And Categorization Effects In The Study Of Punitive Attitudes

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Author: James Yocom
Publisher: ProQuest
ISBN:
Size: 72.50 MB
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Categories And Categorization Effects In The Study Of Punitive Attitudes by James Yocom


Original Title: Categories And Categorization Effects In The Study Of Punitive Attitudes

The dissertation discusses several avenues for future research in light of its findings. Though evidence for medium or large categorization effects is not found, an empiricist research program might, by helping draw attention to important variables associated with categorization, revitalize scholarship and lead to new generalizations that help establish the importance of categories for social stability and social change.

Women Fire And Dangerous Things

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Author: George Lakoff
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226471012
Size: 37.16 MB
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Women Fire And Dangerous Things by George Lakoff


Original Title: Women Fire And Dangerous Things

"Its publication should be a major event for cognitive linguistics and should pose a major challenge for cognitive science. In addition, it should have repercussions in a variety of disciplines, ranging from anthropology and psychology to epistemology and the philosophy of science. . . . Lakoff asks: What do categories of language and thought reveal about the human mind? Offering both general theory and minute details, Lakoff shows that categories reveal a great deal."—David E. Leary, American Scientist

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