Fundamentals Of Soil Ecology

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Author: David C. Coleman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012805252X
Size: 55.99 MB
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Fundamentals Of Soil Ecology by David C. Coleman


Original Title: Fundamentals Of Soil Ecology

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology, 3rd Edition, offers a holistic approach to soil biology and ecosystem function, providing students and ecosystem researchers with a greater understanding of the central roles that soils play in ecosystem development and function. The text emphasizes the increasing importance of soils as the organizing center for all terrestrial ecosystems and provides an overview of theory and practice in soil ecology, both from an ecosystem and evolutionary biology point of view. This new edition is fully updated, including an expanded treatment of microbial ecology and new sections on advances in molecular techniques and climate change research. These updates make this edition an essential resource for researchers and students in soil ecology and microbiology. Includes extensive tables and diagrams in full color to enhance concepts Combines theoretical and practical approaches to understanding and applying soil ecology Outlines suggested laboratory and field methods

Carbon Isotope Techniques

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Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080500749
Size: 74.10 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Carbon Isotope Techniques by


Original Title: Carbon Isotope Techniques

Carbon Isotope Techniques is a hands-on introduction to using carbon isotope tracers in experimental biology and ecology. It provides an easy bench-top reference with many simple-to-follow protocols for studying plants, animals, and soils. The 11C, 12C, 13C, and 14C carbon isotopes are considered and standard techniques are described by established authors. This is a synthetic compilation of well-established techniques. Researchers and students in a wide range of disciplines spanning plant and soil science, agricultural chemistry, forestry, ecology, oceanography, limnology, biogeochemistry, anthropology, and archaeology will find Carbon Isotope Techniques a valuable resource. Features isotopes in ecological research Highlights specific user-oriented techniques Considers carbon cycle in plants, soils, animals, air, and water Provides examples and sample calculations for radioisotopes in plant, soil, and aquatic biology

Microbial Ecology In Sustainable Agroecosystems

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Author: Tanya E. Cheeke
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439852979
Size: 14.56 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Microbial Ecology In Sustainable Agroecosystems by Tanya E. Cheeke


Original Title: Microbial Ecology In Sustainable Agroecosystems

While soil ecologists continue to be on the forefront of research on biodiversity and ecosystem function, there are few interdisciplinary studies that incorporate ecological knowledge into sustainable land management practices. Conventional, high fossil-fuel input-based agricultural systems can reduce soil biodiversity, alter soil community structure and nutrient cycling, and lead to greater dependence on energy-intensive practices. Microbial Ecology in Sustainable Agroecosystems brings together soil ecologists, microbial ecologists, and agroecologists working globally to demonstrate how research in soil ecology can contribute to the long-term sustainability of agricultural systems. The book identifies five key areas of research that can be combined to support and direct sustainable land management practices: agriculture, biodiversity, ecosystem services, integrated soil ecology research, and policy. Topics include: A broad range of soil microbial processes in terms of the importance of microbial heterogeneity Inputs by soil microorganisms into wheat-farming systems The importance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in making nutrients more available to crops The benefits and environmental problems associated with the use of crops genetically modified with Bacillus thuringiensis The incorporation of soil ecological or microbial ecological theory into agricultural practice to improve agricultural productivity and sustainability Challenges in sustainable agricultural research and the need for coalescing new avenues of research in agriculture and soil ecology The contributors range from long-time ecological researchers to graduate students and early career scientists, representing a wide spectrum of experience, ages, diversity, and research interests in this area. They cover the diversity and complexity of microbial activity and interactions in soil systems and the many ways in which microorganisms may be manipulated and managed to improve the functions of crop rhizospheres and thereby maximize crop yields and overall productivity. These recommendations can be used to direct and influence agricultural and environmental policy and guide future research in sustainable agricultural systems management.

Soil Ecology

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Author: P. Lavelle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792371236
Size: 14.37 MB
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Soil Ecology by P. Lavelle


Original Title: Soil Ecology

This work synthesises the basic knowledge provided by the different disciplines of soil science. It then proposes integrative concepts and models that organise this knowledge, taking into account the multiple interactions that exist at a number of different scales among the living and inanimate components.

Ecology And Management Of Forest Soils

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Author: Dan Binkley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118422325
Size: 41.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Ecology And Management Of Forest Soils by Dan Binkley


Original Title: Ecology And Management Of Forest Soils

Forest soils are the foundation of the entire forest ecosystem and complex, long-term interactions between trees, soil animals, and the microbial community shape soils in was that are very distinct from agricultural soils. The composition, structure, and processes in forest soils at any given time reflect current conditions, as well as the legacies of decades (and even millennia) of interactions that shape each forest soil. Reciprocal interactions are fundamental; vegetation alters soil physical properties, which influence soil biology and chemistry, which in turn influence the growth and success of plants. These dynamic systems may be strongly influenced by intentional and unintentional management, ranging from fire to fertilization. Sustaining the long-term fertility of forest soils depends on insights about a diverse array of soil features and changes over space and time. Since the third edition of this successful book many new interests in forest soils and their management have arisen, including the role of forest soils in sequestering carbon, and how management influences rates of carbon accumulation. This edition also expands the consideration of how soils are sampled and characterized, and how tree species differ in their influence on soil development. Clearly structured throughout, the book opens with the origins of forest soil science and ends with the application of soil science principles to land management. This new edition provides: A completely revised and updated Fourth Edition of this classic textbook in the field A coherent overview of the major issues surrounding the ecology and management of forest soils Global in scope with coverage of soil types ranging from the tropical rainforest soils of Latin America to the boreal forest soils of Siberia New chapters on Management: Carbon sequestration; Evidence-based approaches and applications of geostatistics, GIS and taxonomies A clear overview of each topic, informative examples/case studies, and an overall context for helping readers think clearly about forest soils An introduction to the literature of forest soil science and to the philosophy of forest soil science research This coherent overview of the major issues surrounding the ecology and management of forest soils will be particularly useful to students taking courses in soil science, forestry, agronomy, ecology, natural resource management, environmental management and conservation, as well as professionals in forestry dealing with the productivity of forests and functioning of watersheds.

Functional Plant Ecology Second Edition

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Author: Francisco Pugnaire
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420007626
Size: 12.99 MB
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Functional Plant Ecology Second Edition by Francisco Pugnaire


Original Title: Functional Plant Ecology Second Edition

Following in the footsteps of the successful first edition, Functional Plant Ecology, Second Edition remains the most authoritative resource in this multidisciplinary field. Extensively revised and updated, this book investigates plant structure and behavior across the ecological spectrum. It features the ecology and evolution of plant crowns and addresses approaches to generalization in functional plant ecology, including the species-sampling problem, plant ecology strategy schemes, and phylogeny. The book follows a bottom-up approach, from the more specific, detailed studies focusing on plant organs to the broadest ecosystem approaches. It offers the latest findings and research breakthroughs in plant ecology, as well as consideration of classic topics in environmental science and ecology. A wide-ranging compendium, the book investigates plant structure and behavior across the ecological spectrum, from the leaf to the ecosystem levels.

Biological Control Of Plant Parasitic Nematodes 2nd Edition

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Author: Graham R Stirling
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780644159
Size: 73.58 MB
Format: PDF
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Biological Control Of Plant Parasitic Nematodes 2nd Edition by Graham R Stirling


Original Title: Biological Control Of Plant Parasitic Nematodes 2nd Edition

Plant-parasitic nematodes are one of multiple causes of soil-related sub-optimal crop performance. This book integrates soil health and sustainable agriculture with nematode ecology and suppressive services provided by the soil food web to provide holistic solutions. Biological control is an important component of all nematode management programmes, and with a particular focus on integrated soil biology management, this book describes tools available to farmers to enhance the activity of natural enemies, and utilize soil biological processes to reduce losses from nematodes.

Soil Ecology In Northern Forests

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Author: Martin Lukac
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139500864
Size: 69.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Soil Ecology In Northern Forests by Martin Lukac


Original Title: Soil Ecology In Northern Forests

Forest soils form the foundation that underpins the existence of all forests. This book encapsulates soil ecology and functioning in northern forests, focusing on the effects of human activity and climate change. The authors introduce the fundamental principles necessary for studying forest soils, and explain the functioning and mutual influence of all parts of a forest soil ecosystem. A chapter is dedicated to each of soil acidity and heavy metal pollution, elevated carbon dioxide, nitrogen deposition and climate change, highlighting the most important anthropogenic factors influencing forest soil functioning and how these soils are likely to respond to environmental change. With its unique view of the functioning of the soils found under temperate and boreal forests in today's rapidly changing world, this book is of interest to anyone studying forestry and forest ecology in European, North American and North Asian contexts.

Groupware 92

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Author: David Coleman
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9781558602618
Size: 22.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Groupware 92 by David Coleman


Original Title: Groupware 92

This conference, held August 1992, was designed to meet the informational needs of the growing market for work group solutions and technologies. Papers from Dyson Research, Lotus, Intel, DEC, Microsoft, SRI, MIT, Borland, and the Institute for the Future discuss workflow, electronic mail, document

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