Geophysical Inverse Theory And Regularization Problems

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Author: Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080532509
Size: 62.99 MB
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Geophysical Inverse Theory And Regularization Problems by Michael S. Zhdanov


Original Title: Geophysical Inverse Theory And Regularization Problems

This book presents state-of-the-art geophysical inverse theory developed in modern mathematical terminology. The book brings together fundamental results developed by the Russian mathematical school in regularization theory and combines them with the related research in geophysical inversion carried out in the West. It presents a detailed exposition of the methods of regularized solution of inverse problems based on the ideas of Tikhonov regularization, and shows the different forms of their applications in both linear and nonlinear methods of geophysical inversion. This text is the first to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical manner. The book is divided in five parts covering the foundations of the inversion theory and its applications to the solution of different geophysical inverse problems, including potential field, electromagnetic, and seismic methods. The first part is an introduction to inversion theory. The second part contains a description of the basic methods of solution of the linear and nonlinear inverse problems using regularization. The following parts treat the application of regularization methods in gravity and magnetic, electromagnetic, and seismic inverse problems. The key connecting idea of these applied parts of the book is the analogy between the solutions of the forward and inverse problems in different geophysical methods. The book also includes chapters related to the modern technology of geophysical imaging, based on seismic and electromagnetic migration. This volume is unique in its focus on providing a link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, and represents an exhaustive treatise on inversion theory.

Inverse Theory And Applications In Geophysics

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Author: Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 044462712X
Size: 40.85 MB
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Inverse Theory And Applications In Geophysics by Michael S. Zhdanov


Original Title: Inverse Theory And Applications In Geophysics

Geophysical Inverse Theory and Applications, Second Edition, brings together fundamental results developed by the Russian mathematical school in regularization theory and combines them with the related research in geophysical inversion carried out in the West. It presents a detailed exposition of the methods of regularized solution of inverse problems based on the ideas of Tikhonov regularization, and shows the different forms of their applications in both linear and nonlinear methods of geophysical inversion. It’s the first book of its kind to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical manner. The book is divided in five parts covering the foundations of the inversion theory and its applications to the solution of different geophysical inverse problems, including potential field, electromagnetic, and seismic methods. Unique in its focus on providing a link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, it represents an exhaustive treatise on inversion theory. Written by one of the world’s foremost experts, this work is widely recognized as the ultimate researcher’s reference on geophysical inverse theory and its practical scientific applications. Presents state-of-the-art geophysical inverse theory developed in modern mathematical terminology—the first to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical way. Provides a critical link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, and represents an exhaustive treatise on geophysical inversion theory. Features more than 300 illustrations, figures, charts and graphs to underscore key concepts. Reflects the latest developments in inversion theory and applications and captures the most significant changes in the field over the past decade.

Inverse Problems

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Author: Mathias Richter
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3319483846
Size: 53.47 MB
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Inverse Problems by Mathias Richter


Original Title: Inverse Problems

The overall goal of the book is to provide access to the regularized solution of inverse problems relevant in geophysics without requiring more mathematical knowledge than is taught in undergraduate math courses for scientists and engineers. From abstract analysis only the concept of functions as vectors is needed. Function spaces are introduced informally in the course of the text, when needed. Additionally, a more detailed, but still condensed introduction is given in Appendix B. A second goal is to elaborate the single steps to be taken when solving an inverse problem: discretization, regularization and practical solution of the regularized optimization problem. These steps are shown in detail for model problems from the fields of inverse gravimetry and seismic tomography. The intended audience is mathematicians, physicists and engineers having a good working knowledge of linear algebra and analysis at the upper undergraduate level.

Optimization And Regularization For Computational Inverse Problems And Applications

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Author: Yanfei Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642137426
Size: 79.67 MB
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Optimization And Regularization For Computational Inverse Problems And Applications by Yanfei Wang


Original Title: Optimization And Regularization For Computational Inverse Problems And Applications

"Optimization and Regularization for Computational Inverse Problems and Applications" focuses on advances in inversion theory and recent developments with practical applications, particularly emphasizing the combination of optimization and regularization for solving inverse problems. This book covers both the methods, including standard regularization theory, Fejer processes for linear and nonlinear problems, the balancing principle, extrapolated regularization, nonstandard regularization, nonlinear gradient method, the nonmonotone gradient method, subspace method and Lie group method; and the practical applications, such as the reconstruction problem for inverse scattering, molecular spectra data processing, quantitative remote sensing inversion, seismic inversion using the Lie group method, and the gravitational lensing problem. Scientists, researchers and engineers, as well as graduate students engaged in applied mathematics, engineering, geophysics, medical science, image processing, remote sensing and atmospheric science will benefit from this book. Dr. Yanfei Wang is a Professor at the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China. Dr. Sc. Anatoly G. Yagola is a Professor and Assistant Dean of the Physical Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia. Dr. Changchun Yang is a Professor and Vice Director of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.

Acoustic And Elastic Wave Fields In Geophysics

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Author: Alexander A. Kaufman
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780444506429
Size: 57.69 MB
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Acoustic And Elastic Wave Fields In Geophysics by Alexander A. Kaufman


Original Title: Acoustic And Elastic Wave Fields In Geophysics

This book is a continuation of 'Acoustic and Elastic Wave Fields in Geophysics, Part I' published in 2000. The second volume is dedicated to propagation of linear plane, spherical and cylindrical acoustic waves in different media. Chapter 1 is devoted to principles of geometric acoustic in plane wave approximation. The eikonal and transport equations are derived. Ray tracing and wavefront construction techniques are explained. Chapter 2 deals with dynamic properties of wave fields. The behavior of pressure and displacements amplitudes in zero approximation is analysed in two ways: using Poynting vector and solving the transport equation. This chapter contains several examples related to shadow zones and caustics. In Chapter 3 using the results of analysis of high-frequency wave kinematics and dynamics some fundamental aspects of Kirchhoff migration are described. Chapters 4 and 5 are devoted to propagation of plane waves in media with flat boundaries in the case of normal and oblique incidence. Special attention is paid to the case when an incident angle exceeds the critical angles. Formation of normal modes in the waveguide is discussed. Chapter 6 deals with a spherical wave reflection and refraction. The steepest descent method is introduced to describe the behavior of reflected, transmitted, head and evanescent waves. In Chapter 7 propagation of stationary and transient waves in a waveguide formed by a flat layer with low velocity are investigated. Normal modes and waves related to the branch points of integrands under consideration are studied. Dispersive properties of normal modes are discussed. Chapter 8 describes wave propagation inside cylinder in acoustic media. Several appendices are added to help the reader understand different aspects of mathematics used in the book.

Computational Methods For Applied Inverse Problems

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Author: Yanfei Wang
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110259052
Size: 57.83 MB
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Computational Methods For Applied Inverse Problems by Yanfei Wang


Original Title: Computational Methods For Applied Inverse Problems

This monograph reports recent advances of inversion theory and recent developments with practical applications in frontiers of sciences, especially inverse design and novel computational methods for inverse problems. Readers who do research in applied mathematics, engineering, geophysics, biomedicine, image processing, remote sensing, and environmental science will benefit from the contents since the book incorporates a background of using statistical and non-statistical methods, e.g., regularization and optimization techniques for solving practical inverse problems.

Principles Of Electromagnetic Methods In Surface Geophysics

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Author: Alex A. Kaufman
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444538305
Size: 27.52 MB
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Principles Of Electromagnetic Methods In Surface Geophysics by Alex A. Kaufman


Original Title: Principles Of Electromagnetic Methods In Surface Geophysics

Principles of Electromagnetic Methods in Surface Geophysics contains information about the theory of electromagnetic fields in a conducting media. It describes the theoretical and physical principles of the main geophysical methods using electromagnetic fields, including frequency and transient soundings, electromagnetic profiling, and magnetotelluric soundings. Special attention is paid to models and signal processing methods used in modern exploration geophysics for groundwater, mineral and hydrocarbon exploration. Offers an integrated approach to the description of electromagnetic geophysical fields used for surface geophysical surveys Provides a clear introduction to the physical background of electromagnetic methods and their application Rounds off the treatment of the main geophysical methods: gravity, magnetic seismic, electric and electromagnetic methods

Geophysical Inverse Theory

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Author: Robert Ladislav Parker
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691036342
Size: 10.61 MB
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Geophysical Inverse Theory by Robert Ladislav Parker


Original Title: Geophysical Inverse Theory

In many physical sciences, the most natural description of a system is with a function of position or time. In principle, infinitely many numbers are needed to specify that function, but in practice only finitely many measurements can be made. Inverse theory concerns the mathematical techniques that enable researchers to use the available information to build a model of the unknown system or to determine its essential properties. In Geophysical Inverse Theory, Robert Parker provides a systematic development of inverse theory at the graduate and professional level that emphasizes a rigorous yet practical solution of inverse problems, with examples from experimental observations in geomagnetism, seismology, gravity, electromagnetic sounding, and interpolation. Although illustrated with examples from geophysics, this book has broad implications for researchers in applied disciplines from materials science and engineering to astrophysics, oceanography, and meteorology. Parker's approach is to avoid artificial statistical constructs and to emphasize instead the reasonable assumptions researchers must make to reduce the ambiguity that inevitably arises in complex problems. The structure of the book follows a natural division in the subject into linear theory, in which the measured quantities are linear functionals of the unknown models, and nonlinear theory, which covers all other systems but is not nearly so well understood. The book covers model selection as well as techniques for drawing firm conclusions about the earth independent of any particular model.

Geophysical Inversion

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Author: J. Bee Bednar
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 9780898712735
Size: 27.81 MB
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Geophysical Inversion by J. Bee Bednar


Original Title: Geophysical Inversion

This collection of papers on geophysical inversion contains research and survey articles on where the field has been and where it's going, and what is practical and what is not. Topics covered include seismic tomography, migration and inverse scattering.

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