History Of Immunotoxicology

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Author: Jacques Descotes
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128098007
Size: 23.48 MB
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History Of Immunotoxicology by Jacques Descotes


Original Title: History Of Immunotoxicology

History of Immunotoxicology offers the first book-length exploration of the development and importance of the field of immunotoxicology. Toxicology is evolving with the identification of new toxic hazards and the marketing of new chemicals. As preventive measures are implemented to reduce risks, including banning of chemicals or applications of one given chemical, current toxicologists may not be aware of the actual toxicity potential of chemicals when marketing or used in the past. Knowledge of what has occurred before can help to give context and understanding of current and future debates. Although immunotoxicology is one of the youngest areas of toxicology – its origin dates back to approximately half a century – a number of significant adverse effects and safety issues have been described, which deserve a historical perspective. History of Immunotoxicology describes the adverse health effects involving the immune system, hypersensitivity and autoimmunity. It also explores new avenues of research and immunotoxicity evaluation, as well as regulatory aspects of immunotoxicology, and the withdrawal/banning from the market of several approved drugs and chemicals due to their immunotoxic effects. Clinical manifestations of immunotoxicity, such as anaphylaxis, opportunistic infections, lymphomas, cytokine storm, and immunotherapy will be addressed. Finally, the book considers how the recent past can provide insights on the future practice of immunotoxicology. This book will be of interest to students and researchers in government, industry, and academia who have an interest in immunotoxicology. Examines the development of immunotoxicology Provides context to current debates about actual toxicity potential of chemicals Covers major developments and areas of immunotoxicology

Principles And Methods Of Immunotoxicology

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Author: Jacques Descotes
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080472997
Size: 60.13 MB
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Principles And Methods Of Immunotoxicology by Jacques Descotes


Original Title: Principles And Methods Of Immunotoxicology

This is a review of clinical adverse effects on the human immune system that may occur following drug treatments and chemcical exposures. Current and prospective models and assays that can be used to predict these adverse effects in animal toxicity studies or in human beings are described.

Introduction To Immunotoxicology

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Author: Jacques Descotes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203362543
Size: 77.36 MB
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Introduction To Immunotoxicology by Jacques Descotes


Original Title: Introduction To Immunotoxicology

This text provides a concise and comprehensive introduction to key immunotoxicological issues for all those interested in, but with no prior knowledge of, this area of toxicology. The first section explores the health consequences of immunotoxicity, namely the adverse effects related to chemically-induced immunosuppression and immunostimulation, hypersensitivity reactions and autoimmune diseases, with an overview of major immunotoxicants. The second part describes the latest methods used to detect and evaluate, preclinically and clinically, the unexpected immunotoxic effects of xenobiotics. Trends in implementing strategies and recent changes to the regulatory aspects are also considered. The third section examines possible future developments, including In Vitro methods, biomarkers of immunotixicity and risk assessment.

Immunotoxicology And Immunopharmacology Third Edition

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Author: Robert V. House
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420005448
Size: 19.37 MB
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Immunotoxicology And Immunopharmacology Third Edition by Robert V. House


Original Title: Immunotoxicology And Immunopharmacology Third Edition

Continuing the tradition set by the first and second editions, each a bestseller in its own right, the third edition of Immunotoxicology and Immunopharmacology provides reviews of environmental agents, updated to reflect the latest information on how these agents influence immune system function and health. For the first time in the book's history, an entire section covers the phylogeny and ontogeny of the immune system, spanning levels of biological complexity from earthworms to marine mammals.

Immunotoxicology Of Environmental And Occupational Metals

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Author: Judith T Zelicoff
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0748403906
Size: 50.77 MB
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Immunotoxicology Of Environmental And Occupational Metals by Judith T Zelicoff


Original Title: Immunotoxicology Of Environmental And Occupational Metals

Provides an overview of the effects of environmentally and occupationally important metals on the immune system and host defence. The fist ten chapters in the text focus on particular metals or groups of metals, including arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, nickel and vanadium. Subsequent chapters examine the immunotoxicological effects of trace metals such as indium and platinum and essential metals such as iron, zinc and copper. The main emphasis is on the in vivo and in vitro effects of these metals on host immune responses in a variety of mammalian species including humans. Each chapter also briefly reviews the history, use, occurrence, biology and toxicology of the metals.

Biologic Markers In Immunotoxicology

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Author: Subcommittee on Immunotoxicology
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309595045
Size: 46.80 MB
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Biologic Markers In Immunotoxicology by Subcommittee on Immunotoxicology


Original Title: Biologic Markers In Immunotoxicology

Are environmental pollutants threatening the human immune system? Researchers are rapidly approaching definitive answers to this question, with the aid of biologic markers--sophisticated assessment tools that could revolutionize detection and prevention of certain diseases. This volume, third in a series on biologic markers, focuses on the human immune system and its response to environmental toxicants. The authoring committee provides direction for continuing development of biologic markers, with strategies for applying markers to immunotoxicology in humans and recommended outlines for clinical and field studies. This comprehensive, up-to-date volume will be invaluable to specialists in toxicology and immunology and to biologists and investigators involved in the development of biologic markers.

Immunotoxicology

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Author: The Commission of the European Communities & UNEP, ILO, WHO International Programme on Chemical Safety
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780898388435
Size: 75.49 MB
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Immunotoxicology by The Commission of the European Communities & UNEP, ILO, WHO International Programme on Chemical Safety


Original Title: Immunotoxicology

IX The International Seminar on the Immunological System as a Target for Toxic Damage was held at The Commission of the European Communities (CEC) in Luxembourg on 6-9 November 1984. It was organized by the CEC and the International Programme on Chemical Safety of UNEP/ILO/WHO with the support of the u. S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences - USA and with the participation of the International Society of Immunophar macology. These bodies are actively concerned with the scientific and applied aspects of immunotoxicology. The Seminar consisted of thirty-four invited papers and three major panel discussions covering current and future test strategies for the screening of immunotoxic substances, hypersensitivity and the health implications of immunotoxico logical problems. It was attended by more than 200 scien tists from 27 countries representing all the Member states of the European Economic Community and the six Regions of the World Health Organization. These scientists represented many different disciplines and interests. The Seminar's principal objectives were: a review of recent advances in knowledge concerning the structure, function and dysfunction of the immunological system; - a review of the effects of xenobiotics on the immune system in animals and humans; an examination of the human health implications of immunotoxicity; discussion and critical analysis of the procedures for the assessment of immunological damage, a discussion of needs for the further development of laboratory and epidemiological methods and their validation, and a consideration of current test strategies.

Clinical Immunotoxicology

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Author: David S Newcombe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439805411
Size: 47.17 MB
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Clinical Immunotoxicology by David S Newcombe


Original Title: Clinical Immunotoxicology

This text is a comprehensive source of information on the toxic effects of environmental, industrial, and pharmacological agents on the human immune system. Focusing entirely on human immunotoxicology, without relying on animal models, the book explains the basic principles of immunotoxicology defines the mechanisms by which immunotoxins act, describes the clinical expression of immunotoxic disorders in the lung, skin, and other target organs, offers practical guidelines for early detection and control of host defense dysfunctions, and explores strategies for assessing the short- and long-term health effects of new and old chemicals and biologicals. The book includes extensive discussions on the role of low-dose, chronic immunosuppression in cancer, as well as on specific environmental and occupational immunotoxins and immunotoxic drugs used in hematology, anesthesiology, oncology and transplantation surgery.

Immunotoxicology And Immunopharmacology

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Author: H Dean Jack
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780781702195
Size: 70.16 MB
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Immunotoxicology And Immunopharmacology by H Dean Jack


Original Title: Immunotoxicology And Immunopharmacology

The second edition of this text has been revised and refocused to reflect the transformation of immunotoxicology from a subdiscipline of toxicology to an independent area of research that can best be described as "environmental immunology." New chapters discuss the role of immune mediators in liver, lung, and skin toxicity, in regulating chemical- metabolizing enzymes, and in the immunosuppression produced by ultraviolet light. More emphasis is placed on the clinical consequences of immunotoxicity, as well as the interpretation of experimental data for predicting, human health risk.; The second edition is divided into three major sections: immunosuppression, autoimmunity, and hypersensitivity. This new organization of the text allows for a more thorough treatment of these phenomena, with greater attention to test methods, theoretical considerations, and clinical implications. The book includes many chapters on specific environmental agents, therapeutic drugs, biological agents, and drugs of abuse, as well as on immune-mediated toxicity in specific organ systems.

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