Hydrocarbon Thermal Isomerizations

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Author: Joseph J. Gajewski
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080472980
Size: 36.11 MB
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Hydrocarbon Thermal Isomerizations by Joseph J. Gajewski


Original Title: Hydrocarbon Thermal Isomerizations

Hydrocarbon Thermal Isomerizations summarizes rearrangements which are induced by heating neutral hydrocarbons under non-catalytic conditions in the vapor phase or in non-polar solution. This subject has attracted the interest of mechanistic organic chemists and theorists in the last quarter century because it is one of the few fields workable by state of the art techniques of both camps. This work collects together most of the crucial rate and stereochemical data in a single volume, along with a critical analysis of each of these reactions. Unlike reviews or other books in this area that focus on reaction types, e.g.. electrocyclic reactions, or Claisen rearrangements, this volume is organized like the Chemical Abstracts Formula Index, but with an important exception: all of the relevant derivatives of each parent compound are discussed with the parent and not in their logical formula index positions. As it is not always obvious what is a parent material and what is a derivative, detailed cross-references are included throughout. An important aspect of this edition is the inclusion of calculational results that provide insight, often more than was anticipated, into these relatively simple reactions. Energetics of thermal isomerization reactions Stereochemistry of thermal isomerization reactions Organization to facilitate and integrate global analyses Comparison of experimental and theoretical results

Handbook Of Industrial Hydrocarbon Processes

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Author: James G. Speight
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780080942711
Size: 15.67 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Handbook Of Industrial Hydrocarbon Processes by James G. Speight


Original Title: Handbook Of Industrial Hydrocarbon Processes

Written by an author with over 38 years of experience in the chemical and petrochemical process industry, this handbook will present an analysis of the process steps used to produce industrial hydrocarbons from various raw materials. It is the first book to offer a thorough analysis of external factors effecting production such as: cost, availability and environmental legislation. An A-Z list of raw materials and their properties are presented along with a commentary regarding their cost and availability. Specific processing operations described in the book include: distillation, thermal cracking and coking, catalytic methods, hydroprocesses, thermal and catalytic reforming, isomerization, alkylation processes, polymerization processes, solvent processes, water removal, fractionation and acid gas removal. Flow diagrams and descriptions of more than 250 leading-edge process technologies An analysis of chemical reactions and process steps that are required to produce chemicals from various raw materials Properties, availability and environmental impact of various raw materials used in hydrocarbon processing

Chemistry Of Petrochemical Processes

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Author: Sami Matar, Ph.D.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080501086
Size: 78.50 MB
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Chemistry Of Petrochemical Processes by Sami Matar, Ph.D.


Original Title: Chemistry Of Petrochemical Processes

In Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes, readers find a handy and valuable source of information containing insights into petrochemical reactions and products, process technology, and polymer synthesis. The book reviews and describes the reactions and processes involved in transforming petroleum-based hydrocarbons into the chemicals that form the basis of the multi-billion dollar petrochemical industry. In addition, the book includes information on new process developments for the production of raw materials and intermediates for petrochemicals that have surfaced since the book's first edition. Provides a quick understanding of the chemical reactions associated with oil and gas processing Contains insights into petrochemical reactions and products, process technology, and polymer synthesis

Encyclopedic Dictionary Of Named Processes In Chemical Technology Second Edition

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Author: Alan E. Comyns
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420049169
Size: 14.93 MB
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Encyclopedic Dictionary Of Named Processes In Chemical Technology Second Edition by Alan E. Comyns


Original Title: Encyclopedic Dictionary Of Named Processes In Chemical Technology Second Edition

This reference provides concise descriptions of those chemical processes that are known by special names which are not obvious or self-explanatory. Containing 2,600 entries, this second edition includes information on the many new processes developed and commercialized, as well as new information on old processes. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Named Processes in Chemical Technology presents a heterogeneous collection of names- inventors, companies, institutions, places, acronyms, abbreviations, and obvious corruptions-of the chemical nomenclature. The author has tailored the entries to reflect importance and topicality. Generally, the processes in current use have the longest entries, however, he also devotes more space to some obsolete processes that hold particular technical interest or historical significance. The appendix is an index to product names, enabling readers to identify processes used for making particular products.

The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook Second Edition

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Author: Charles E. Baukal, Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143983962X
Size: 66.74 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook Second Edition by Charles E. Baukal, Jr.


Original Title: The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook Second Edition

Despite the length of time it has been around, its importance, and vast amounts of research, combustion is still far from being completely understood. Environmental, cost, and fuel consumption issues add further complexity, particularly in the process and power generation industries. Dedicated to advancing the art and science of industrial combustion, The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook, Second Edition: Volume One – Fundamentals gives you a strong understanding of the basic concepts and theory. Under the leadership of Charles E. Baukal, Jr., top combustion engineers and technologists from John Zink Hamworthy Combustion examine the interdisciplinary fundamentals—including chemistry, fluid flow, and heat transfer—as they apply to industrial combustion. What’s New in This Edition Expanded to three volumes, with Volume One focusing on fundamentals Extensive updates and revisions throughout Updated information on HPI/CPI industries, including alternative fuels, advanced refining techniques, emissions standards, and new technologies Expanded coverage of the physical and chemical principles of combustion New practices in coal combustion, such as gasification The latest developments in cold-flow modeling, CFD-based modeling, and mathematical modeling Greater coverage of pollution emissions and NOx reduction techniques New material on combustion diagnostics, testing, and training More property data useful for the design and operation of combustion equipment Coverage of technologies such as metallurgy, refractories, blowers, and vapor control equipment Now expanded to three volumes, the second edition of the bestselling The John Zink Combustion Handbook continues to provide the comprehensive coverage, up-to-date information, and visual presentation that made the first edition an industry standard. Featuring color illustrations and photographs throughout, Volume One: Fundamentals helps you broaden your understanding of industrial combustion to better meet the challenges of this field. For the other volumes in the set, see The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook, Second Edition: Three-Volume Set.

Fundamentals Of Petroleum Refining

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Author: Mohamed A. Fahim
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080931562
Size: 29.47 MB
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Fundamentals Of Petroleum Refining by Mohamed A. Fahim


Original Title: Fundamentals Of Petroleum Refining

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations. The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. The book covers important topics, such as clean fuels, gasification, biofuels, and environmental impact of refining, which are not commonly discussed in most refinery textbooks. Throughout the source, problem sets and examples are given to help the reader practice and apply the fundamental principles of refining. Chapters 1-10 can be used as core materials for teaching undergraduate courses. The first two chapters present an introduction to the petroleum refining industry and then focus on feedstocks and products. Thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions, including processes of atmospheric and vacuum distillations, are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4. Conversion processes, product blending, and alkylation are covered in chapters 5-10. The remaining chapters discuss hydrogen production, clean fuel production, refining economics and safety, acid gas treatment and removal, and methods for environmental and effluent treatments. This source can serve both professionals and students (on undergraduate and graduate levels) of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry, and Chemical Technology. Beginners in the engineering field, specifically in the oil and gas industry, may also find this book invaluable. Provides balanced coverage of fundamental and operational topics Includes spreadsheets and process simulators for showing trends and simulation case studies Relates processing to planning and management to give an integrated picture of refining

The Chemical Components Of Tobacco And Tobacco Smoke Second Edition

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Author: Alan Rodgman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 146651552X
Size: 46.71 MB
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The Chemical Components Of Tobacco And Tobacco Smoke Second Edition by Alan Rodgman


Original Title: The Chemical Components Of Tobacco And Tobacco Smoke Second Edition

Authored by two longtime researchers in tobacco science, The Chemical Components of Tobacco and Tobacco Smoke, Second Edition chronicles the progress made from late 2008 through 2011 by scientists in the field of tobacco science. The book examines the isolation and characterization of each component. It explores developments in pertinent analytical technology and results of experimental studies on biological activity, toxicity, and tumorigenicity, including the inhibition of adverse biological activity of one specific tobacco smoke component by another tobacco smoke component. Adding to the progress reported in the First Edition, the comprehensive Second Edition provides nearly 7,000 references on almost 9,600 components. The authors discuss the controversies over the extrapolation of the biological effect of a specific component administered individually by one route versus its biological effect when the component is in a highly complex mixture and is administered by a different route. They also cite studies in which cigarette design technologies were developed to control the per-cigarette mainstream smoke yield of Federal Trade Commission–defined tar and one or more specific tobacco smoke components of concern. New in the Second Edition: Approximately 1,000 newly reported components have been inserted and several dozen duplicates have been deleted from various tables and from the Alphabetical Index Improved and sharper chemical structures Insertion of new pertinent references for the components in each of the major chapter tables devoted to a particular functional component Updated Index organized by the CAS Registry Number listing of the components Updated discussions in the Introduction and at the beginning of each chapter A searchable companion CD-ROM containing the 350-page alphabetical Component Index Authors Alan Rodgman and Thomas A. Perfetti were jointly awarded the 2010 CORESTA (Cooperative Centre for Scientific Research Relative to Tobacco) Prize for their extensive work on documenting the vast literature on the chemical composition of tobacco and tobacco smoke in their original edition.

Thermal And Catalytic Processes In Petroleum Refining

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Author: Serge Raseev
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203912300
Size: 46.97 MB
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Thermal And Catalytic Processes In Petroleum Refining by Serge Raseev


Original Title: Thermal And Catalytic Processes In Petroleum Refining

This text examines the thermal and catalytic processes involved in the refining of petroleum including visbreaking, coking, pyrolysis, catalytic cracking, oligomerization, alkylation, hydrofining, hydroisomerization, hydrocracking, and catalytic reforming. It analyzes the thermodynamics, reaction mechanisms, and kinetics of each process, as well as the effects of operating conditions and reactor design on process performance and product quality. This is a valuable resource for chemists who wish to improve their knowledge of some of the real world issues that must be addressed in hydrocarbon conversion. Topics include processes on metallic catalysts, processes using bifunctional catalysts, and catalytic reforming.

Deep Frying

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Author: Michael D. Erickson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128043539
Size: 13.42 MB
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Deep Frying by Michael D. Erickson


Original Title: Deep Frying

Since the first edition of Deep Frying was published in 1996, there have been many changes to the U.S. Dietary Guidelines and nutritional labeling laws, and improvements in frying technology and practices have made a significant impact on the industry. This book will cover everything you need to know to create fat and oil ingredients that are nutritious, uniquely palatable and satisfying. Focuses heavily on the physical characteristics of oils during frying, including odor and flavor components and oxidized sterols Includes practical information on the dynamics of frying from many perspectives including foodservice and industrial Addresses regulatory issues, environmental concerns, and nutritional aspects

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