In Situ Hybridization Protocols For The Brain

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Author: W. Wisden
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780123668479
Size: 16.89 MB
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In Situ Hybridization Protocols For The Brain by W. Wisden


Original Title: In Situ Hybridization Protocols For The Brain

This volume of the International Review of Neurobiology was written to assist researchers without any previous experience with in situ hybridization, allowing them to follow the protocols and expect good results. It contains all the information required for newcomers to achieve successful in situ hybridization results, and methods for improving the technique of those already utilizing it. Published since 1959, International Review of Neurobiology is a well-known series appealing to neuroscientists, clinicians, psychologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists. Led by an internationally renowned editorial board, this important serial publishes both eclectic volumes made up of timely reviews and thematic volumes that focus on recent progress in a specific area of neurobiology research. Published since 1959, International Review of Neurobiology is a well-known series appealing to neuroscientists, clinicians, psychologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists. Led by an internationally renowned editorial board, this important serial publishes both eclectic volumes made up of timely reviews and thematic volumes that focus on recent progress in a specific area of neurobiology research.

In Situ Hybridization Techniques For The Brain

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Author: Z. Henderson
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN:
Size: 45.26 MB
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In Situ Hybridization Techniques For The Brain by Z. Henderson


Original Title: In Situ Hybridization Techniques For The Brain

Written by molecular biologists and neurobiologists, this volume in the Handbook Series provides basic step-by-step protocols in addition to specialist techniques to support those practising in situ hybridization, a powerful histochemical technique which is now widely used in neurobiology. The first part of the manual concentrates on basic procedures, eg, which probe and label to select, equipment, relevant molecular biological techniques, hazards, probe preparation and labelling, tissue preparation, and conditions for hybridization. Specialist procedures including quantitative analysis of data, reverse transcription PCR, working with human tissue, and double label methods are presented in subsequent sections. In Situ Hybridization Techniques for the Brain is, therefore, an essential reference source for all those with research interests in neuroanatomy, histopathology and/or neurohistochemistry, and will support users in both the preparation and successful completion of the procedures in their own laboratory.

In Situ Hybridization Protocols

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Author: Ian A. Darby
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1597450073
Size: 19.30 MB
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In Situ Hybridization Protocols by Ian A. Darby


Original Title: In Situ Hybridization Protocols

This revised and updated edition emphasizes tissue and cell in situ hybridization methods. Among the new techniques detailed are PNA probes for viral diagnostics, plant in situ hybridization, cell proliferation detection, and quantitation of in situ hybridization. There are also cutting-edge techniques for tissue microarrays, expanded embryology-developmental gene detection, and expanded cell culture. Derivative techniques presented include identification of transplanted cells, histones, nick-end labeling for apoptosis, the use of peptide nucleic acid probes, and in situ hybridization of plant specimens.

In Situ Hybridization In Brain

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Author: George Uhl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461594863
Size: 21.20 MB
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In Situ Hybridization In Brain by George Uhl


Original Title: In Situ Hybridization In Brain

The explosion of interest in specific molecules important for brain function and dysfunction has drawn individuals from diverse backgrounds toward the use of in situ hybridization techniques. Study of the brain demands the anatomic precision and biochemical specificity that this approach can potentially bring. Workers with backgrounds in peptide neuroanatomy, neuropharmacology, molecular biology, neurovirology, neuropathology, and neurophysiology have joined together in this volume to discuss their initial experiences in applying ill situ hybridization techniques to the study of the brain. The work, although still in an early phase of development, is worthy of initial summary and dissemination. In the area of neuropeptide gene expression alone, investigators represented here describe studies of vasopressin, opiate peptides, oxytocin, vasoactive intestinal peptide, cholecystokinin, and somatostatin. Other contributions provide insight into applications of the technique to studies of the expression of genes for neurotransmitter synthesizing enzymes, viral-encoded genes, trophic factor genes, and the genes selected on the basis of their special roles in the brain. The authors provide an important series of technical perspectives, and describe specific experimental protocols. This volume should be of interest to individuals seeking an introduction to these methods, as well to those desiring an up to date precis of work in this burgeoning area. Dr. Uhl, with the sponsorship of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, has done a superb job of assembling the leaders in this area, and in organizing the presen ta tion of their perspecti ves herein. Joseph B. Martin, M.D., Ph.D.

Brain Development

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Author: Simon G. Sprecher
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781493960255
Size: 48.22 MB
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Brain Development by Simon G. Sprecher


Original Title: Brain Development

Providing widely used techniques in genetic model systems and many complementing animal models, Brain Development: Methods and Protocols focuses its expert contributions on two key technical aspects of developmental neurobiology: detection of gene expression and functional characterization of developmental control genes. Covering animal models such as the fruit fly, zebra fish, chicken, and mouse, this detailed book views in situ hybridization, reporter gene expression, and immunohistochemical staining methods, as well as RNA interference, Morpholino, or transgenic techniques through the prism of these models. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapter include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Practical and cutting-edge, Brain Development: Methods and Protocols aims to provide precise technical protocols but also allows for comparing a wide range of protocols in different tissues and species.

In Vitro Neurochemical Techniques

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Author: Alan A. Boulton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592596398
Size: 17.62 MB
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In Vitro Neurochemical Techniques by Alan A. Boulton


Original Title: In Vitro Neurochemical Techniques

In Vitro Neurochemical Techniques is the third work updating and expanding the best-selling inaugural volume of Humana Press's warmly received Neuromethods series, General Neurochemical Techniques (vol. 1). The key techniques detailed in this new edition encompass the breadth of neurochemical and molecular neurobiology research, ranging from the isolation of neuronal genes and the study of their expression to the analysis of receptor-ligand interactions, to the characterization of the consequences of receptor activation. The methods include electrophysiological techniques to explore the functional properties of receptors present in the membranes of excitable cells, methods to isolate novel genes central to neurobiological processes, and protocols to perform in situ hybridization histochemistry. Other methods cover the measurement of changes in gene expression, the rapid identification of gene polymorphisms, and the identification and characterization of second messenger pathways. The companion volumes, In Vivo Neuromethods and Cell Neurobiology Techniques, cover both in vivo methods and in vitro cell neurobiology approaches. Like the original, all three cutting-edge works will prove exceptionally useful to those basic and clinical neuroscientists who want to expand the range of their current research or develop competence in complementary methods.

Adrenergic Receptor Protocols

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Author: Curtis A. Machida
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592596843
Size: 62.10 MB
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Adrenergic Receptor Protocols by Curtis A. Machida


Original Title: Adrenergic Receptor Protocols

In Adrenegic Receptor Protocols, Curtis Machida and a panel of expert investigators present a comprehensive collection of modern molecular methods for analyzing adrenergic receptors and corresponding second messenger systems. These proven and readily reproducible techniques utilize genetic, RNA, protein expression, transactivator, and second messenger methodologies, as well as immunocytochemical, electrophysiological, transgenic, and in situ hybridization approaches. Each of the experts writing here details the use of their chosen method in examining the adrenergic receptor system, using aspects of the genetic flow of information as a guide: DNA ' RNA ' transactivator ' protein expression ' second messenger analyses ' cellular analyses ' transgenic whole animal approaches. Comprehensive and rich in practical detail, Adrenergic Receptor Protocols provides the first collection of reproducible methods for the study of these important regulators of CNS-mediated behavior and neural function. Its state-of-the-art methods constitute today's gold standard reference for all neurobiologists, neurochemists, neurologists, and pharmacologists studying this exceptionally important class of receptors.

Immediate Early Genes And Inducible Transcription Factors In Mapping Of The Central Nervous System Function And Dysfunction

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Author: L. Kaczmarek
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780444508355
Size: 72.23 MB
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Immediate Early Genes And Inducible Transcription Factors In Mapping Of The Central Nervous System Function And Dysfunction by L. Kaczmarek


Original Title: Immediate Early Genes And Inducible Transcription Factors In Mapping Of The Central Nervous System Function And Dysfunction

That molecular neurobiology has become a dominant part of neuroscience research can be credited to the discovery of inducible gene expression in the brain and spinal cord. This volume deals with genes, whose expression patterns in the vertebrate central nervous system were the first to be revealed and then the most extensively investigated over the last 15 years. Immediate early genes (IEG) and their protein products, especially those acting as regulators of transcription (inducible transcription factors, ITF) have proven to be very valuable tools in functional neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, as they are rapidly and transiently induced in specific neurons in response to various modes of stimulation. Thus, they have been used to map neuronal populations selectively responsive to a variety of conditions, such as sensory and learning experience, electrical stimulation of specific circuits, seizures, and neurodegeneration. This single volume, written by the most prominent authors in the field, brings together for the first time information about the most widely studied IEG/ITF in a whole variety of phenomena of neuronal activation. It starts with a critical appraisal of the technologies employed for the studies on gene, protein, and transcription factor activity in the nervous system. Several chapters present exhaustive examples of expression patterns of the ITF in "vocal" avian brain, mammalian brain sensory regions, areas involved in regulation of circadian rhythms, and the spinal cord. The next parts cover functional and regular aspects of individual IEG/ITF expression: c-fos in learning and memory, c-jun and others in neuropathology and neuronal stress responses, Elk-1, egr family, and CREB in neuronal plasticity and learning. This volume will be useful as a major reference on this topic. Furthermore, it attempts to unravel the seemingly overwhelming complexity of the phenomena of gene expression in the central nervous system.

Nitric Oxide Protocols

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Author: Aviv Hassid
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592598072
Size: 33.39 MB
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Nitric Oxide Protocols by Aviv Hassid


Original Title: Nitric Oxide Protocols

A collection of cutting-edge techniques for measuring nitric oxide and the enzyme that produces it in biological tissues and fluids. These readily reproducible methods can be used to measure novel nitric oxide-related products such as protein nitration and nitrosation, as well as to express nitric oxide synthase in basic research and gene therapy using viral vectors.

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