Infection And Autoimmunity

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Author: Yehuda Shoenfeld
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444632727
Size: 28.68 MB
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Infection And Autoimmunity by Yehuda Shoenfeld

Original Title: Infection And Autoimmunity

Autoimmune diseases are conditions where the immune system attacks the body organs instead of foreign invaders. This book deals with the various mechanisms by which infectious agents can trigger autoimmunity such as molecular mimicry and polyclonal activation. An overview is given with regard to bacteria, viruses, and parasites associated with autoimmunity, and a summary is given on classical autoimmune diseases and the infecting agents that can induce them. Includes completely updated and new chapters Brings the reader up to date and allows easy access to individual topics in one place Identifies infectious agents as pathogenic or protective in many autoimmune diseases

Idiotypes In Medicine Autoimmunity Infection And Cancer

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Author: R.C. Kennedy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080534435
Size: 16.57 MB
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Idiotypes In Medicine Autoimmunity Infection And Cancer by R.C. Kennedy

Original Title: Idiotypes In Medicine Autoimmunity Infection And Cancer

This is the most comprehensive review of the idiotypic network available. All the current knowledge of idiotypes of the various antibodies is incorporated in this volume. The pathogenic role of idiotypes in autoimmunity and cancer is reviewed in depth. The therapeutic part focusses on harnessing anti-idiotypes for treating autoimmunological disorders, and on the employment of idiotypes for vaccines in cancer and infectious diseases, as well as explaining the manipulation of the idiotypic network in autoimmunity and cancer idiotypes and vaccines.

T Cell Activation In Health And Disease

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Author: M Feldmann
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483275582
Size: 42.49 MB
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T Cell Activation In Health And Disease by M Feldmann

Original Title: T Cell Activation In Health And Disease

T-cell Activation in Health and Disease is a collection of papers presented at the "T-cell Activation in Health and Disease—Disorders of Immune Regulation—Infection and Autoimmunity" workshop held in Oxford on September 25-29, 1988. This book discusses the progress occurring in T-cell immunity research. One paper discusses the effects of two interaction clones of T-cells that can define the T-cell immunoregulatory network. Another paper discusses the relationship between connectivity and tolerance of the immune network. This paper then suggests the possibility that autoimmunity arises because self-reactive clones are inadequately connected to the network. Another paper reviews the cell-mediated responses in the synovial fluids, as well as the interaction of rheumatoid arthritis synovial fluid dendritic cells and T lymphocytes. The book also examines why attempts for protective immunity to the HIV virus have not been successful. One article then discusses the goals of immunologic intervention in autoimmune disease by using an approach involving the cellular and cytokine targets and their deployment. This text can prove significant for scientists in the field of pharmacology, cellular biology, and researchers in the field of immunology and infectious diseases.

Autoimmunity And The Pathogenesis Of Diabetes

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Author: Fredda Ginsberg-Fellner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146123218X
Size: 70.22 MB
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Autoimmunity And The Pathogenesis Of Diabetes by Fredda Ginsberg-Fellner

Original Title: Autoimmunity And The Pathogenesis Of Diabetes

It has been a challenge for us to edit this volume of Endocrinology and Metabo lism: Progress in Research and Clinical Practice. The topic of the pathogenesis of insulin-dependent, type I diabetes mellitus is particularly appropriate for this series, since advances in this area have been made, to a large extent, by applying state-of-the-art laboratory techniques to clinical samples. Over the last several years, a number of lines of evidence have been gathered, suggesting that classic type I diabetes mellitus results from the autoimmune des truction of pancreatic beta-cells in genetically susceptible individuals. This hypothesis is particularly appealing because it offers a rational approach to the prevention of diabetes by immunosuppression. We have tried to present a balanced, authoritative summary of the information currently available to support the autoimmune hypothesis for the pathogenesis of human type I diabetes, to place this information in historical perspective, to include relevant information from animal models of type I diabetes in which more invasive experimentation is ethical, and, finally, to update the reader on the current status of attempts to intervene in the progression of diabetes with immunosuppressive drugs. New York, New York Fredda Ginsberg-Fellner Robert C. McEvoy Contents Preface.. . . .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . v Contributors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Xl . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. The Autoimmune Hypothesis of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes: 1965 to the Present . . . . . . . . . . . . ..................... . . . . . .

The Antigens

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Author: Michael Sela
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483269663
Size: 72.70 MB
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The Antigens by Michael Sela

Original Title: The Antigens

The Antigens, Volume VII is a comprehensive treatise covering all aspects of antigens, including their chemistry and biology as well as their immunologic role and expression. Different aspects of the genetic control of the immune response are explored, along with the link between infection and autoimmunity. Comprised of four chapters, this volume begins with a discussion on the determinant-specific genetic regulation of the immune response and the genes that control it. The next chapter deals with the molecular genetics and polymorphism of of class II (Ia) antigens, as well as the correlation between immunogenetic and molecular genetic maps. The antigen-specific T cell clones and the specific factors derived from them are then examined. The last chapter considers the relationship between infection and autoimmunity; the role of infection in the expression of class II antigens; and processes responsible for the induction of autoimmune diseases. A specific therapy for these diseases is described. This monograph will be of interest to practitioners and researchers in immunology, experimental and clinical medicine, biochemistry, and other disciplines.

Autoimmune Thyroiditis

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Author: Werner A. Scherbaum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642763014
Size: 41.76 MB
Format: PDF
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Autoimmune Thyroiditis by Werner A. Scherbaum

Original Title: Autoimmune Thyroiditis

Current knowledge relevant to the understanding of thyroid autoimmunity is summarized in this book. Some of the world's leading scientists in this field review recent data from four subject areas: immunogenetics, thyroid peroxidase as an antigen, environmental factors, and cytokines. Much ongoing and as yet unpublished work is described, especially in the discussion included after each article. This information is of particular interest since the body of knowledge in these fields is growing very rapidly. The book is based on a workshop in which researchers from 13 countries took part. One major aim was to raise controversial points and to develop ideas for their potential solution. At the workshop it became apparent that a great deal of the information given in textbooks is outdated. This is an important update for researchers who are interested in the above topics and in understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of thyroid autoimmunity.

Diabetes And Viruses

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Author: Keith Taylor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461440513
Size: 58.54 MB
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Diabetes And Viruses by Keith Taylor

Original Title: Diabetes And Viruses

This book will assemble the views of many of the world's experts in the field of viruses and diabetes. It will look critically at some unanswered questions, in the field. Among these, How do viruses destroy or modify the pancreatic islet? Which viruses are involved? What is the role of virus-induced cytokines> Could vaccines prevent virus-induced diabetes? Until recent technological advances, progress in the understanding of the relationship between viruses and diabetes has been hampered. New technologies are helping shed new light on these mysteries. This will be the first comprehensive volume on this topic.

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