Mechanisms Of Cardiovascular Aging

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Author: Tory Hagen
Publisher: Elsevier Science
ISBN: 9780444511591
Size: 17.27 MB
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Mechanisms Of Cardiovascular Aging by Tory Hagen

Original Title: Mechanisms Of Cardiovascular Aging

This volume of Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology provides a timely review on the molecular and cellular basis of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Age itself is the leading risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, which include loss of vasomotor function, athero- and arterio-sclerosis, hypertension, congestive heart failure and stroke. Together these pathologies comprise the leading causes of permanent disability, hospitalization and death for individuals over the age of 65. Thus, there is a critical need to assess both the age-associated causes leading to CVD as well as the current state of knowledge on preventive regimens designed to slow or modulate disease progression. This book concisely summarizes the current knowledge related to the major aspects contributing to cardiovascular disfunction in the elderly as well as potential ways of maintaining or improving human cardiovascular healthspan.

Cardiovascular Aging

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Author: Iokim Spyridopoulos
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780124172814
Size: 53.34 MB
Format: PDF
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Cardiovascular Aging by Iokim Spyridopoulos

Original Title: Cardiovascular Aging

Cardiovascular Aging: Linking Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms is a first-of-its-kind resource linking age-related cardiovascular disease to its molecular pathomechanism. With full coverage of the essential cellular and molecular mechanisms of ageing, this valuable resource will provide the important connection between research and clinical application, highlighting paths in translational science and pointing to future interventions. Presents a complete picture of cardiovascular aging which allows bench to bedside application and leads to future interventions Provides you with coverage of essential cellular and molecular mechanisms of ageing Highlights the link between age-related cardiovascular disease and molecular mechanisms

Aging And Heart Failure

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Author: Bodh I. Jugdutt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1493902687
Size: 63.38 MB
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Aging And Heart Failure by Bodh I. Jugdutt

Original Title: Aging And Heart Failure

This book synthesizes the major research advances in molecular, biochemical and translational aspects of aging and heart failure over the last four decades and addresses future directions in management and drug discovery. It presents clinical issues and molecular mechanisms related to heart failure, including the changing demographics in the aging population with heart failure; hypertension and prevention of diastolic heart failure in the aging population; polypharmacy and adverse drug reactions in the aging population with heart failure; changes in the heart that accompany advancing age from humans to molecules; aging-associated alterations in myocardial inflammation and fibrosis and aging-related changes in mitochondrial function and implications for heart failure therapy. The book succinctly summarizes the large volume of data on these key topics and highlights novel pathways that need to be explored. Featuring contributions from leading clinician-scientists, Aging and Heart Failure: Mechanisms and Management is an authoritative resource on the major clinical issues in heart failure therapy in the elderly for cardiologists, gerontologists and internists.

Aging And The Heart

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Author: José Marín-García
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387740720
Size: 70.59 MB
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Aging And The Heart by José Marín-García

Original Title: Aging And The Heart

In this book, the genetic and molecular basis of cardiovascular aging is examined in detail and a comprehensive assessment given of the bioenergetics changes occurring in human and animal models of cardiac aging. Both current diagnostic and future therapeutic modalities are presented, giving this book a dual-pronged approach. Cardiac aging, like aging in general, is a complex process involving numerous cellular and molecular changes. This book sheds new light on the phenomenon.

Advances In Geroscience

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Author: Felipe Sierra
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319232460
Size: 70.77 MB
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Advances In Geroscience by Felipe Sierra

Original Title: Advances In Geroscience

This book provides the first comprehensive overview of a new scientific discipline termed Geroscience. Geroscience examines the molecular and cellular mechanisms that might explain why aging is the main risk factor for most chronic diseases affecting the elderly population. Over the past few decades, researchers have made impressive progress in understanding the genetics, biology and physiology of aging. This book presents vital research that can help readers to better understand how aging is a critical malleable risk factor in most chronic diseases, which, in turn, could lead to interventions that can help increase a healthy lifespan, or ‘healthspan.’ The book begins with an analysis of the Geroscience hypothesis, as well as the epidemiological underpinnings that define aging as a candidate main risk factor for most chronic diseases. Next, each chapter focuses on one particular disease, or group of diseases, with an emphasis on how basic molecular and cellular biology might explain why aging is a major risk factor for it. Coverage in the book includes: cancer, cardiovascular disease, dementias, stroke, Parkinson's and Alzheimer’s diseases, osteoporosis, arthritis, diabetes asthma, emphysema, kidney disease, vision impairment, and AIDS/HIV. It finishes with a chapter on pain in the elderly and an overview of future steps needed to bring the newly acquired knowledge into the clinic and the public at large.

Vascular Aging Facts And Factors

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Author: Elisabet Vila
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 2889190528
Size: 71.37 MB
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Vascular Aging Facts And Factors by Elisabet Vila

Original Title: Vascular Aging Facts And Factors

The increasing mean age of the population in developed countries has turned out to be an economic and social problem. Cardiovascular disease has long been considered to be age related in terms of their onset and progression. As such, we can say that the increase in life expectancy goes in parallel with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease. With age, a number of changes occur in the vasculature altering the homeostasis of the irrigated organs promoting target organ damage. While different adaptive mechanisms to protect vessels against mild stress have been described, the aging process induces a progressive failure of protective mechanisms, leading to vascular changes and higher susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases. Indeed, vascular aging is exacerbated by coexisting cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, metabolic syndrome and diabetes. Compelling evidence indicates that diminished endothelial relaxation and increase, decrease, or no change in contractile responses to several agonists is associated with aging. There is an increase of vasoconstrictor factors expression and a decrease of vasodilators. Morphologic changes include lumen diameter enlargement, wall thickening and alterations of matrix substances as increased collagen or decreased elastin deposition, ultimately leading to greater arterial stiffening (reduced compliance). Importantly, arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Cellular and molecular mechanisms have also been documented. Senescence at the cellular level involves alterations in Ca2+ signaling and down regulation of anti-aging proteins. Both endothelial and smooth muscle cells change their number, morphology, function and their regenerative ability. Aging is also associated with a gradual loss of antioxidant defense mechanisms, a proinflammatory shift in the cytokine expression profile and a production of reactive oxygen species such as superoxide (O2-) that promotes the breakdown of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide and O2- interact to form peroxynitrite known to nitrosylate proteins affecting their physiological function. However, vascular wall proteins may also suffer from other potentially deleterious modifications as glycation (Maillard reaction) and glyco-oxidative reactions with increasing age, which could be linked to the age-associated changes in vascular function. Various strategies have shown benefit in preventing, delaying or attenuating vascular aging. For instance, a healthy lifestyle including low fat diet and/or exercise have a favorable effect. Nevertheless, it yet remains to be fully demonstrated whether vascular aging can be pharmacologically prevented. This Research Topic is intended to bring together research efforts to understand the causes and consequences of vascular aging and propose new therapeutic strategies for the management of vascular senescence.

Cardiac Management In The Frail Elderly Patient And The Oldest Old

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Author: Andrea Ungar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319434683
Size: 56.69 MB
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Cardiac Management In The Frail Elderly Patient And The Oldest Old by Andrea Ungar

Original Title: Cardiac Management In The Frail Elderly Patient And The Oldest Old

This book focuses specifically on the management of cardiovascular disease in elderly patients with particular frailties and in the “oldest old”. It is clearly explained how treatment in these patients differs from that in patients in their seventies who respond well to therapies and do not present frailties or organ failures. Although not young, the latter patients can be treated almost like any other patient, according to established guidelines. In contrast, the frail, compromised elderly and the oldest old require specific measures that target their needs, including with respect to underlying renal conditions. The book considers all those pathologies that have a high prevalence in the general population, explaining advanced treatment concepts and all aspects of assessment. Key clinical points are highlighted, and the text is supplemented with numerous informative figures and tables. The authors are respected experts, for the most part geriatric physicians, and the book is especially addressed to cardiologists, who may lack the described targeted information and treatment tools.

Biochemical Mechanisms In Heart Function

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Author: Ernst-Georg Krause
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461312795
Size: 41.66 MB
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Biochemical Mechanisms In Heart Function by Ernst-Georg Krause

Original Title: Biochemical Mechanisms In Heart Function

This special issue of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry good source of information in this regard. contains original research papers as well as invited reviews We wish to thank all of the contributors for their help and dedicated, on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the in cooperation. We also wish to thank Mrs. Verona Kuhle for auguration of the Heart Research Group in Beriin-Buch that her secretarial help. We are grateful to Dr. Naranjan S. Dhalla, today forms a part there ofthe Max Delbriick Center for Mo Editor-in-Chief of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry for his lecular Medicine, to Professor Albert Wollenberger, founder interest and encouragement, and for agreeing to publish this of the Heart Research Group and for 21 years its head. issue in honor of Albert Wollenberger. The papers in this issue are written by researchers work ing in the field of cardiovascular research who together with ERNST-GEORG KRAUSE and ROLAND VETTER Albert Wollenberger share the belief that an integrative ap Max Delbriick Center for Molecular Medicine plication of advances in molecular and cellular biology will Robert-Rossle-StraBe 10 lead to new concepts for treatment and prevention of cardio 13122 Beriin-Buch vascular diseases. We hope that this special will serve as a Gennany ALBERT WOLLENBERGER, Professor, Ph. D. (Harvard), Dr. Sc. Med. (Berlin) The dedication is accorded to Prof.

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection And Aging

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Author: M. A. Hayat
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124055338
Size: 39.95 MB
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Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection And Aging by M. A. Hayat

Original Title: Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection And Aging

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection and Aging, Volume 4 - Mitophagy presents detailed information on the role of mitophagy, the selective autophagy of mitochondria, in health and disease, by delivering an in-depth treatment of the molecular mechanisms involved in mitophagy initiation and execution, as well as the role of mitophagy in Parkinson's Disease, cardiac aging, and skeletal muscle atrophy. The most current understanding of the proteins and pathways involved in mitophagy are covered, with specific attention to Nix and Bnip3, PINK1/Parkin, Atg32, and FUNDC1. The role of mitophagy in cancer, neurodegeneration, aging, infection, and inflammation is also discussed providing essential insights into the pathogenesis of a variety of mitochondria dysfunction-related diseases. This book is an asset to newcomers as a concise overview of the current knowledge on mitophagy, while serving as an excellent update reference for more experienced scientists working on other aspects of autophagy. From these well-developed foundations, researchers, translational scientists, and practitioners may work to better implement more effective therapies against some of the most devastating human diseases. Volumes in the Series

Signaling In The Heart

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Author: José Marín-García
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441994615
Size: 56.80 MB
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Signaling In The Heart by José Marín-García

Original Title: Signaling In The Heart

Signal transduction pathways are at the core of most biological processes and are critical regulators of heart physiology and pathophysiology. The heart is both a transmitter and dynamic receptor of a variety of intracellular and extracellular stimuli, playing a critical role of an integrator of diverse signaling mechanisms. Alterations in signaling pathways are contributing factors in the development and progression of a broad spectrum of diseases, ranging from dysrhythmias and atherosclerosis to hypertension and the metabolic syndrome. Targeting specific components of these signaling pathways has been shown to be effective in preclinical studies with significant therapeutic impact. This book brings together current knowledge in cardiovascular cell signal transduction mechanisms, advances in novel therapeutic approaches to improve cardiac function, and discussion of future directions. Presented from a post-genomic perspective, this exciting book introduces important new ideas in cardiovascular systems biology. It is an invaluable reference for cardiology researchers and practitioners.

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