Basic Neurochemistry

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Author: Scott Brady
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080472072
Size: 42.23 MB
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Basic Neurochemistry by Scott Brady


Original Title: Basic Neurochemistry

Basic Neurochemistry: Molecular, Cellular and Medical Aspects, a comprehensive text on neurochemistry, is now updated and revised in its Seventh Edition. This well-established text has been recognized worldwide as a resource for postgraduate trainees and teachers in neurology, psychiatry, and basic neuroscience, as well as for graduate and postgraduate students and instructors in the neurosciences. It is an excellent source of information on basic biochemical processes in brain function and disease for qualifying examinations and continuing medical education. Completely updated with 60% new authors and material, and entirely new chapters Over 400 fully revised figures in splendid color

Peripheral Nerve Disorders

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Author: Grahame J. Kidd
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128078367
Size: 45.88 MB
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Peripheral Nerve Disorders by Grahame J. Kidd


Original Title: Peripheral Nerve Disorders

The fundamental roles of Schwann cells during peripheral nerve formation and regeneration have been recognized for more than 100 years, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms that integrate Schwann cell and axonal functions continue to be elucidated. Derived from the embryonic neural crest, Schwann cells differentiate into myelinating cells or bundle multiple unmyelinated axons into Remak fibers. Axons dictate which differentiation path Schwann cells follow, and recent studies have established that axonal neuregulin1 signaling via ErbB2/B3 receptors on Schwann cells is essential for Schwann cell myelination. Extracellular matrix production and interactions mediated by specific integrin and dystroglycan complexes are also critical requisites for Schwann cell–axon interactions. Myelination entails expansion and specialization of the Schwann cell plasma membrane over millimeter distances. Many of the myelin-specific proteins have been identified, and transgenic manipulation of myelin genes have provided novel insights into myelin protein function, including maintenance of axonal integrity and survival. Cellular events that facilitate myelination, including microtubule-based protein and mRNA targeting, and actin based locomotion, have also begun to be understood. Arguably, the most remarkable facet of Schwann cell biology, however, is their vigorous response to axonal damage. Degradation of myelin, dedifferentiation, division, production of axonotrophic factors, and remyelination all underpin the substantial regenerative capacity of the Schwann cells and peripheral nerves. Many of these properties are not shared by CNS fibers, which are myelinated by oligodendrocytes. Dissecting the molecular mechanisms responsible for the complex biology of Schwann cells continues to have practical benefits in identifying novel therapeutic targets not only for Schwann cell-specific diseases but other disorders in which axons degenerate.

Peripheral Nerve Disorders

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Author: Gérard Said
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444633553
Size: 39.45 MB
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Peripheral Nerve Disorders by Gérard Said


Original Title: Peripheral Nerve Disorders

Disorders of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) are the cause of prominent neurological symptoms including weakness, sensory loss, pain and autonomic dysfunction associated with deficits, morbidity and mortality. These disorders may be primary hereditary or cryptogenic neurologic disorders confined to the PNS or part of the pathology of both the central nervous system and the PNS. Most PNS disorders are secondary to other system disorders and may be responsive to treatment of the primary disease. Important advances have been obtained in several areas including molecular genetics, biochemistry, immunology, morphology and physiology that have enhanced our understanding of the causes and consequences of damage to peripheral nerve. Understanding of both these groups of PNS diseases has greatly expanded over recent years and has led to important advances of treatment both to protect and to repair damages of peripheral nerve. This volume provides an overview of the state-of-the-art of examination, diagnosis and treatment of these very diverse disorders and will be of interest to both the research and clinical neuroscience and neurology communities. Covers both hereditary and cryptogenic neurologic disorders Includes advances in the basic science of PNS from molecular genetics, biochemistry, immunology, morphology and physiology Detailed coverage of neuropathy in connective tissue disorders, infectious disorders, metabolic disorders and malignancy

Imaging Of White Matter An Issue Of Radiologic Clinics Of North America

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Author: Sangam Kanekar
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323287212
Size: 26.64 MB
Format: PDF
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Imaging Of White Matter An Issue Of Radiologic Clinics Of North America by Sangam Kanekar


Original Title: Imaging Of White Matter An Issue Of Radiologic Clinics Of North America

White matter lesions have been always challenging for general as well as neuroradiologits. Any disease process in the brain or body can affect white matter, making it very difficult to pinpoint the diagnosis. However the application of the proper algorithmic approach, pattern of distribution, and study of the morphology of these lesions makes it possible to limit the differential diagnosis and, many times, pinpoint specific diagnosis. Advancement of various imaging techniques predominately in MR (MR spectroscopy, MR perfusion, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). functional MR) along with PET has further improved our understanding of these disease processes. However, most of these techniques are new and not well understood by every physician. This issue will cover the topics necessary to master these techniques.

Neurology And Clinical Neuroscience

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Author: Anthony H. V. Schapira
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323070531
Size: 50.48 MB
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Neurology And Clinical Neuroscience by Anthony H. V. Schapira


Original Title: Neurology And Clinical Neuroscience

This brand-new text provides you with an easy-to-use, comprehensive reference that features a clinical perspective balanced with relevant basic science. Inside, you'll find discussions of the latest research and how it has led to a greater understanding of the cause of disease, as well as burgeoning tests and the latest therapeutic agents available. From Alzheimer's disease to vestibular system disorders, you'll find the practical guidance you need to diagnose effectively and provide an appropriate therapeutic approach for each individual case. Plus, a templated, four-color design offers you easy access to pertinent information Integrates basic science with clinical neurology to help you better understand neurologic diseases and provide the most accurate diagnosis and best treatment plan for each patient. Discusses the latest research results and offers new information on treatment options. Features the expertise of international authorities, providing a worldwide perspective. Uses a templated, four-color format that makes information accessible and easy to understand—particularly the basic science concepts.

Diffusion Mri

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Author: Heidi Johansen-Berg
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124055095
Size: 39.85 MB
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Diffusion Mri by Heidi Johansen-Berg


Original Title: Diffusion Mri

Diffusion MRI remains the most comprehensive reference for understanding this rapidly evolving and powerful technology and is an essential handbook for designing, analyzing, and interpreting diffusion MR experiments. Diffusion imaging provides a unique window on human brain anatomy. This non-invasive technique continues to grow in popularity as a way to study brain pathways that could never before be investigated in vivo. This book covers the fundamental theory of diffusion imaging, discusses its most promising applications to basic and clinical neuroscience, and introduces cutting-edge methodological developments that will shape the field in coming years. Written by leading experts in the field, it places the exciting new results emerging from diffusion imaging in the context of classical anatomical techniques to show where diffusion studies might offer unique insights and where potential limitations lie. Fully revised and updated edition of the first comprehensive reference on a powerful technique in brain imaging Covers all aspects of a diffusion MRI study from acquisition through analysis to interpretation, and from fundamental theory to cutting-edge developments New chapters covering connectomics, advanced diffusion acquisition, artifact removal, and applications to the neonatal brain Provides practical advice on running an experiment Includes discussion of applications in psychiatry, neurology, neurosurgery, and basic neuroscience Full color throughout

Magnetic Resonance Of Myelin Myelination And Myelin Disorders

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Author: Marjo S. van der Knaap
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: 9783540592778
Size: 76.40 MB
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Magnetic Resonance Of Myelin Myelination And Myelin Disorders by Marjo S. van der Knaap


Original Title: Magnetic Resonance Of Myelin Myelination And Myelin Disorders

This is the second, completely rewritten edition of the widely acclaimed book on MR of myelin, myelination and myelin disorders (1989). In the last five years many new data became available with regard to genetics, molecular biology, the role of cellular substructures on one side and on the other side regarding the growing experience with MR patterns of less common myelin disorders. Not only, therefore, the text has been updated, but many new chapters have been added on disorders of which previously the white matter involvement was less clear. The acquired myelin disorders were reorganized and their backgrounds were more extensively elucidated, to place the MR examinations in the clinical context where they belong.

Myelin

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Author: Russell E. Martenson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849388491
Size: 39.94 MB
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Myelin by Russell E. Martenson


Original Title: Myelin

Myelin: Biology and Chemistry provides in-depth reviews and discussions regarding recent findings in the biology and chemistry of myelin. Topics are interdisciplinary and carry readers from the cellular level to that of the gene. Research in demyelinating diseases (naturally occurring and experimentally produced) is described and emphasizes autoimmune and virally induced mechanisms. Advances in molecular biology, such as those that provide details of the structures of the major myelin proteins, demonstrate the control of their synthesis, and explore the mutations within their genes that disrupt the process of myelination, are discussed in depth. Myelin: Biology and Chemistry will be an important addition to the libraries of molecular biologists, biochemists, cell biologists, physical chemists, immunologists, virologists, and pathologists involved in the study of myelin.

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