Basic Neurochemistry

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Author: Scott Brady
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080472072
Size: 44.13 MB
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Basic Neurochemistry by Scott Brady

Original Title: Basic Neurochemistry

Basic Neurochemistry: Molecular, Cellular and Medical Aspects, a comprehensive text on neurochemistry, is now updated and revised in its Seventh Edition. This well-established text has been recognized worldwide as a resource for postgraduate trainees and teachers in neurology, psychiatry, and basic neuroscience, as well as for graduate and postgraduate students and instructors in the neurosciences. It is an excellent source of information on basic biochemical processes in brain function and disease for qualifying examinations and continuing medical education. Completely updated with 60% new authors and material, and entirely new chapters Over 400 fully revised figures in splendid color

International Review Of Neurobiology

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Author: Ronald J. Bradley
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080463525
Size: 15.26 MB
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International Review Of Neurobiology by Ronald J. Bradley

Original Title: International Review Of Neurobiology

Published since 1959, International Review of Neurobiology is a well-known series appealing to neuroscientists, clinicians, psychologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists. Led by an internationally renowned editorial board, this important serial publishes both eclectic volumes made up of timely reviews and thematic volumes that focus on recent progress in a specific area of neurobiology research. This volume is a collection of articles covering recent advances in the field of neurobiology. Topics covered include chromosome 22 deletion syndrome and schizophrenia; characterization of proteome of human cerebrospinal fluid; hormonal pathways regulating intermale and interfemale aggression; neuronal gap junctions; effects of genes and stress on the neurobiology of depression; quantitative imaging with teh MicroPET small-animal PET tomograph; understanding myelination through studying its evolution.

Peripheral Nerve Disorders

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Author: Grahame J. Kidd
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128078367
Size: 29.43 MB
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Peripheral Nerve Disorders by Grahame J. Kidd

Original Title: Peripheral Nerve Disorders

The fundamental roles of Schwann cells during peripheral nerve formation and regeneration have been recognized for more than 100 years, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms that integrate Schwann cell and axonal functions continue to be elucidated. Derived from the embryonic neural crest, Schwann cells differentiate into myelinating cells or bundle multiple unmyelinated axons into Remak fibers. Axons dictate which differentiation path Schwann cells follow, and recent studies have established that axonal neuregulin1 signaling via ErbB2/B3 receptors on Schwann cells is essential for Schwann cell myelination. Extracellular matrix production and interactions mediated by specific integrin and dystroglycan complexes are also critical requisites for Schwann cell–axon interactions. Myelination entails expansion and specialization of the Schwann cell plasma membrane over millimeter distances. Many of the myelin-specific proteins have been identified, and transgenic manipulation of myelin genes have provided novel insights into myelin protein function, including maintenance of axonal integrity and survival. Cellular events that facilitate myelination, including microtubule-based protein and mRNA targeting, and actin based locomotion, have also begun to be understood. Arguably, the most remarkable facet of Schwann cell biology, however, is their vigorous response to axonal damage. Degradation of myelin, dedifferentiation, division, production of axonotrophic factors, and remyelination all underpin the substantial regenerative capacity of the Schwann cells and peripheral nerves. Many of these properties are not shared by CNS fibers, which are myelinated by oligodendrocytes. Dissecting the molecular mechanisms responsible for the complex biology of Schwann cells continues to have practical benefits in identifying novel therapeutic targets not only for Schwann cell-specific diseases but other disorders in which axons degenerate.

Hereditary Leukoencephalopathies And Demyelinating Neuropathies In Children

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Author: Graziella Uziel
Publisher: John Libbey Eurotext
ISBN: 9782742005239
Size: 62.40 MB
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Hereditary Leukoencephalopathies And Demyelinating Neuropathies In Children by Graziella Uziel

Original Title: Hereditary Leukoencephalopathies And Demyelinating Neuropathies In Children

Genetically determined myelinopathies are a large group of neurological diseases that present a challenge to the clinician, the biologist and the geneticist. During the last decade, the development of tools for exploring the nervous system and the human genome has had a tremendous impact on the understanding of these diseases. Thus, the advances in neuroimaging techniques and molecular genetic research are continuously influencing disease classification, diagnostic protocols, and management of patients. These topics are the focus of the present publication. The aim is to provide a comprehensive review of the most important issues regarding genetic myelin disorders.

Peripheral Nerve Disorders

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Author: Gérard Said
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444633553
Size: 45.20 MB
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Peripheral Nerve Disorders by Gérard Said

Original Title: Peripheral Nerve Disorders

Disorders of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) are the cause of prominent neurological symptoms including weakness, sensory loss, pain and autonomic dysfunction associated with deficits, morbidity and mortality. These disorders may be primary hereditary or cryptogenic neurologic disorders confined to the PNS or part of the pathology of both the central nervous system and the PNS. Most PNS disorders are secondary to other system disorders and may be responsive to treatment of the primary disease. Important advances have been obtained in several areas including molecular genetics, biochemistry, immunology, morphology and physiology that have enhanced our understanding of the causes and consequences of damage to peripheral nerve. Understanding of both these groups of PNS diseases has greatly expanded over recent years and has led to important advances of treatment both to protect and to repair damages of peripheral nerve. This volume provides an overview of the state-of-the-art of examination, diagnosis and treatment of these very diverse disorders and will be of interest to both the research and clinical neuroscience and neurology communities. Covers both hereditary and cryptogenic neurologic disorders Includes advances in the basic science of PNS from molecular genetics, biochemistry, immunology, morphology and physiology Detailed coverage of neuropathy in connective tissue disorders, infectious disorders, metabolic disorders and malignancy

The Biology Of Oligodendrocytes

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Author: Patricia Armati
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139491717
Size: 69.49 MB
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The Biology Of Oligodendrocytes by Patricia Armati

Original Title: The Biology Of Oligodendrocytes

Traditionally, oligodendrocytes have been assumed to play a minor supporting role in the central nervous system and their importance has generally been overlooked. For the first time, this book provides a dedicated review of all of the major aspects of oligodendrocyte biology, including development, organization, genetics, and immunobiology. Later chapters emphasize the importance of this underestimated cell to the mammalian central nervous system by exploring the role of myelin synthesis and maintenance in neural disease and repair. Particular attention is paid to multiple sclerosis (MS), arguably the prime example of an acquired demyelinating disease, with detailed examinations of the current concepts regarding demyelination, oligodendroglial damage, and remyelination in MS lesions.

Lysosomal Storage Disorders

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Author: John A. Barranger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387709096
Size: 27.20 MB
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Lysosomal Storage Disorders by John A. Barranger

Original Title: Lysosomal Storage Disorders

The knowledge of lysosomal biology and the consequences of its dysfunction have increased dramatically in the past 60 years. This book describes the nature of the lysosomal dysfunction and diseases as well as potential future treatments and therapies. Disease specific chapters provide thorough reviews of the clinical features of lysosomal storage disorders, their molecular basis and the commercial or experimental therapeutic approaches sought in this area. This is an invaluable resource for researchers in biochemical and molecular genetics, enzyme therapy, and gene transfer.

Imaging Of White Matter An Issue Of Radiologic Clinics Of North America

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Author: Sangam Kanekar
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323287212
Size: 20.25 MB
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Imaging Of White Matter An Issue Of Radiologic Clinics Of North America by Sangam Kanekar

Original Title: Imaging Of White Matter An Issue Of Radiologic Clinics Of North America

White matter lesions have been always challenging for general as well as neuroradiologits. Any disease process in the brain or body can affect white matter, making it very difficult to pinpoint the diagnosis. However the application of the proper algorithmic approach, pattern of distribution, and study of the morphology of these lesions makes it possible to limit the differential diagnosis and, many times, pinpoint specific diagnosis. Advancement of various imaging techniques predominately in MR (MR spectroscopy, MR perfusion, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). functional MR) along with PET has further improved our understanding of these disease processes. However, most of these techniques are new and not well understood by every physician. This issue will cover the topics necessary to master these techniques.

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