Neurobiology Of Attention

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Author: Laurent Itti
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080454313
Size: 25.42 MB
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Neurobiology Of Attention by Laurent Itti

Original Title: Neurobiology Of Attention

A key property of neural processing in higher mammals is the ability to focus resources by selectively directing attention to relevant perceptions, thoughts or actions. Research into attention has grown rapidly over the past two decades, as new techniques have become available to study higher brain function in humans, non-human primates, and other mammals. Neurobiology of Attention is the first encyclopedic volume to summarize the latest developments in attention research. An authoritative collection of over 100 chapters organized into thematic sections provides both broad coverage and access to focused, up-to-date research findings. This book presents a state-of-the-art multidisciplinary perspective on psychological, physiological and computational approaches to understanding the neurobiology of attention. Ideal for students, as a reference handbook or for rapid browsing, the book has a wide appeal to anybody interested in attention research. * Contains numerous quick-reference articles covering the breadth of investigation into the subject of attention * Provides extensive introductory commentary to orient and guide the reader * Includes the most recent research results in this field of study

The Neurobiology Of Learning

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Author: John H. Schumann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135619514
Size: 65.94 MB
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The Neurobiology Of Learning by John H. Schumann

Original Title: The Neurobiology Of Learning

This book constitutes a timely contribution to the existing literature by presenting a relatively comprehensive, neurobiological account of certain aspects of second language acquisition. It represents the collaborative efforts of members of the Neurobiology of Language Research Group in the Applied Linguistics and TESL Department at UCLA. Members of the group are trained in neurobiology and then use this knowledge to develop biological accounts of various aspects of applied linguistics. The volume avoids the corticocentric bias that characterizes many brain-language publications--both cortical and subcortical structures receive their appropriate attention. In addition, it demonstrates that enough is presently known about the brain to inform our conceptualizations of how humans acquire second languages, thus, it provides a refreshingly novel, highly integrative contribution to the (second) language acquisition literature. The goal of the research program was based on the need to draw more links between the neurobiological mechanisms and second language acquisition. As such, the book promotes a neurobiology of language that starts with the brain and moves to behavior. The fundamental insights presented should guide second language acquisition researchers for years to come.

A Comprehensive Guide To Attention Deficit Disorder In Adults

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Author: Kathleen G. Nadeau
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113486289X
Size: 73.54 MB
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A Comprehensive Guide To Attention Deficit Disorder In Adults by Kathleen G. Nadeau

Original Title: A Comprehensive Guide To Attention Deficit Disorder In Adults

This groundbreaking volume, written by pioneering clinicians and researchers firmly convinced of the neurobiological underpinnings of ADD in adults, is the first to provide broad coverage of this burgeoning field. Written for professionals who diagnose and treat adults with ADD, it provides information from psychologists and physicians on the most current research and treatment issues regarding our understanding of ADD as a neurobiological disorder. According to the contributors, ADD in adults may be responsible for difficulties ranging from minor attention, memory, and organization problems in well-functioning adults to drug abuse and criminal behavior. A Comprehensive Guide to Attention Deficit Disorder in Adults begins by addressing the history of ADD and the evolution of our understanding of the disorder. The neurobiology of ADD is examined, laying a solid foundation for the clinician to develop a scientific understanding of this complex syndrome. The assessment and differential diagnosis of ADD is explored from the perspectives of a variety of specialists in the field. This includes an exploration of the interrelationships between attention deficit disorder and other neurodevelopmental disabilities that may interact with ADD to affect cognitive functioning, and an examination of the connections between ADD and a host of psychiatric conditions. Also covered is the process of differential diagnosis from a neurological perspective, which will help the non-medically trained clinician better to determine when a complete neurological evaluation seems warranted in the assessment process. Authors examine ADD with and without hyperactivity and describe a wide range of assessment tools that can be useful in developing a full diagnostic picture of different conditions that must be addressed in treating adults with the disorder. A wealth of experience, highly practical suggestions, and an optimistic outlook are the hallmark of the section on treatment. The authors strongly recommend a multifaceted treatment plan combining medication, psychotherapy, and addressing the pervasive self-esteem issues which typically haunt the adult whose condition has gone untreated. Specific treatment issues for Adults with ADD are also discussed. These include:- * the development of practical life management skills * the difficulties in relationships * ADD within the context of marriage and family * and higher education and the workplace. The volume concludes with a discussion of the legal implications of the diagnosis of ADD in adults as it pertains to education and employment, the important role of support groups for adults with ADD, and a thought-provoking examination of current and future research including the need for increased public recognition of ADD in adults. A Comprehensive Guide to Attention Deficit Disorder in Adults is a pioneering volume that will bring the most current information available to the attention of those able to help adult ADD sufferers...vocation and rehabilitation counselors, and numerous psychotherapists who recognize symptoms of depression and anxiety, but perhaps overlook the underlying attention deficit disorder. It will stimulate the interdisciplinary research that is the key to increasing knowledge and educate those who can truly make a difference.

Behavioral Neuroscience Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder And Its Treatment

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Author: Clare Stanford
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642246125
Size: 39.51 MB
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Behavioral Neuroscience Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder And Its Treatment by Clare Stanford

Original Title: Behavioral Neuroscience Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder And Its Treatment

In this volume there is a strong emphasis on translational science, with preclinical approaches suggesting new directions for development of new treatments. Individual chapters describe how neuroimaging, neuroendocrine, genetic and behavioral studies use powerful research tools that are offering a completely new understanding of the factors that increase vulnerability to ADHD. The clinical impact of co-morbid problems, especially obesity and substance misuse, are highlighted and explain what such problems can tell us about the etiology of ADHD, more generally. Reviews of the pharmacology of established drug treatments for ADHD justify an exciting novel theory for their therapeutic actions and address questions about the effects of their longā€term use.

Cognitive Neuroscience Of Attention

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Author: Michael I. Posner
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 160918985X
Size: 52.11 MB
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Cognitive Neuroscience Of Attention by Michael I. Posner

Original Title: Cognitive Neuroscience Of Attention

This authoritative reference provides a comprehensive examination of the nature and functions of attention and its relationship to broader cognitive processes. The editor and contributors are leading experts who review the breadth of current knowledge, including behavioral, neuroimaging, cellular, and genetic studies, as well as developmental and clinical research. Chapters are brief yet substantive, offering clear presentations of cutting-edge concepts, methods, and findings. The book addresses the role of attention deficits in psychological disorders and normal aging and considers the implications for intervention and prevention. It includes 85 illustrations. New to This Edition *Significant updates and many new chapters reflecting major advances in the field. *Important breakthroughs in neuroimaging and cognitive modeling. *Chapters on the development of emotion regulation and temperament. *Expanded section on disorders, including up-to-date coverage of ADHD as well as chapters on psychopathy and autism. *Chapters on cognitive training and rehabilitation.

Recent Advances In The Use Of Drosophila In Neurobiology And Neurodegeneration

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Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123870194
Size: 17.63 MB
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Recent Advances In The Use Of Drosophila In Neurobiology And Neurodegeneration by

Original Title: Recent Advances In The Use Of Drosophila In Neurobiology And Neurodegeneration

Published since 1959, International Review of Neurobiology is a well-known series appealing to neuroscientists, clinicians, psychologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists. Led by an internationally renowned editorial board, this important serial publishes both eclectic volumes made up of timely reviews and thematic volumes that focus on recent progress in a specific area of neurobiology research. This volume reviews existing theories and current research surrounding the movement disorder Dyskinesia. Leading authors review state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Clinical Applications Of Continuous Performance Tests

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Author: Cynthia A. Riccio
Publisher: Wiley
Size: 60.80 MB
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Clinical Applications Of Continuous Performance Tests by Cynthia A. Riccio

Original Title: Clinical Applications Of Continuous Performance Tests

The first comprehensive guide to Continuous Performance Test techniques Continuous Performance Tests (CPTs) are used in the ongoing diagnosis and treatment monitoring of children and adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In Clinical Applications of Continuous Performance Tests, three well-respected members of the behavioral assessment field discuss the clinical use and limitations of CPTs, as well as their diagnostic efficacy for disorders first evident in childhood and adolescence and those evident later in adulthood. This comprehensive handbook is the first to examine the similarities and differences of the numerous CPT techniques and their research literature. The four major instruments in use today are thoroughly reviewed (Conners' CPT, Gordon Diagnostic System, Integrated Visual and Auditory CPT, and Test of Variables of Attention/Test of Variables of Attention-Auditory), along with a complete overview of their specific applications. Additional CPTs are discussed in the context of how modifications to the CPT paradigm can affect results and, subsequently, interpretation. Brain-behavior correlates of CPT scores and the use of CPTs for monitoring effectiveness of treatment approaches are also covered in depth. For psychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists who diagnose and treat ADHD, Clinical Applications of Continuous Performance Tests is a unique and invaluable resource. * Examines and compares four major, commercially available CPTs * Includes guidelines for clinical practice and application * Provides basic neuroscience underlying the CPT paradigms * Explains how to monitor medication effects with CPTs * Defines the relationship of CPTs to other cognitive and behavioral measures

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