Download Read Online Neuroimaging book
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080478593
Size: 12.37 MB
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Neuroimaging by

Original Title: Neuroimaging

Consisting of two separate volumes, Neuroimaging provides a state-of-the-art review of a broad range of neuroimaging techniques applied to both clinical and research settings. The breadth of the methods covered is matched by the depth of description of the theoretical background. Part A focuses on the cutting edge of research methodologies, providing a foundation for both established and evolving techniques. These include voxel-based morphometry using structural MRI, functional MRI, perfusion MRI, diffusion tensor imaging, near-infrared spectroscopy and the technique of combining EEG and fMRI studies. Two chapters are devoted to describing methods for studying brain responses and neural models, focusing on functional connectivity, effective connectivity, dynamic causal modeling, and large-scale neural models. The important role played by brain atlases in facilitating the study of normal and diseased brain populations is described in one chapter, and the concept of neuroimaging data bases as a future resource for scientific discovery is elucidated in another. The two parts of Neuroimaging complement each other providing in-depth information on a broad range of routine and cutting edge techniques that is not available in any other text. This book is superbly written and beautifully illustrated by contributors working at the top of their chosen specialty. * Serves as an up-to-date review of cutting-edge neuroimaging techniques * Exquisitely illustrated * Authoritatively written by leading researchers

Neuroimaging Part I

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Author: Joseph Masdeu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444534859
Size: 14.82 MB
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Neuroimaging Part I by Joseph Masdeu

Original Title: Neuroimaging Part I

Neuroimaging, Part One, a text from The Handbook of Clinical Neurology illustrates how neuroimaging is rapidly expanding its reach and applications in clinical neurology. It is an ideal resource for anyone interested in the study of the nervous system, and is useful to both beginners in various related fields and to specialists who want to update or refresh their knowledge base on neuroimaging. This first volume specifically covers a description of imaging techniques used in the adult brain, aiming to bring a comprehensive view of the field of neuroimaging to a varying audience. It brings broad coverage of the topic using many color images to illustrate key points. Contributions from leading global experts are collated, providing the broadest view of neuroimaging as it currently stands. For a number of neurological disorders, imaging is not only critical for diagnosis, but also for monitoring the effect of therapies, and the entire field is moving from curing diseases to preventing them. Most of the information contained in this volume reflects the newness of this approach, pointing to this new horizon in the study of neurological disorders. Provides a relevant description of the technologies used in neuroimaging, including computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), and several others Ideal resource for anyone studying the nervous system, from beginners to specialists interested in recent advances in neuroimaging of the adult brain Discusses the application of imaging techniques to the study of brain and spinal cord disease and its use in various syndromes Contains vibrant, colorful images to illustrate key points

Pattern Classification Of Medical Images Computer Aided Diagnosis

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Author: Xiao-Xia Yin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319570277
Size: 44.89 MB
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Pattern Classification Of Medical Images Computer Aided Diagnosis by Xiao-Xia Yin

Original Title: Pattern Classification Of Medical Images Computer Aided Diagnosis

This book presents advances in biomedical imaging analysis and processing techniques using time dependent medical image datasets for computer aided diagnosis. The analysis of time-series images is one of the most widely appearing problems in science, engineering, and business. In recent years this problem has gained importance due to the increasing availability of more sensitive sensors in science and engineering and due to the wide-spread use of computers in corporations which have increased the amount of time-series data collected by many magnitudes. An important feature of this book is the exploration of different approaches to handle and identify time dependent biomedical images. Biomedical imaging analysis and processing techniques deal with the interaction between all forms of radiation and biological molecules, cells or tissues, to visualize small particles and opaque objects, and to achieve the recognition of biomedical patterns. These are topics of great importance to biomedical science, biology, and medicine. Biomedical imaging analysis techniques can be applied in many different areas to solve existing problems. The various requirements arising from the process of resolving practical problems motivate and expedite the development of biomedical imaging analysis. This is a major reason for the fast growth of the discipline.

Practical Neuroimaging In Stroke

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Author: Alejandro A. Rabinstein
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455745952
Size: 75.66 MB
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Practical Neuroimaging In Stroke by Alejandro A. Rabinstein

Original Title: Practical Neuroimaging In Stroke

Practical Neuroimaging in Stroke, by Alejandro Rabinstein, MD, and Steven J. Resnick, is a neurology reference designed for anyone involved in treating stroke patients. It offers unique, thorough guidance—driven by nearly 500 completely original high-quality images from actual stroke cases—to help you learn and understand the clinical value of diagnostic neuroimaging. Examples of different diagnostic modalities—accompanied by succinct teaching messages—highlight a preference for those most commonly used in clinical practice and most typically interpreted by clinicians caring for patients at bedside. A consistent section format from chapter to chapter enables you to easily access the material. Brilliantly illustrated and clinically relevant, Practical Neuroimaging in Stroke is the closest thing to treating real-life patients! Features the work of today’s leaders from the field of neurology to ensure that the material is current, accurate, and clinically relevant. Examines real-life stroke cases—driven by nearly 500 completely original images—that enable you to apply your knowledge to real-life situations and experience the next best thing to actually being in the field. Presents examples of different diagnostic modalities—accompanied by succinct teaching messages—that highlight a preference for those most commonly used in clinical practice and most typically interpreted by clinicians caring for patients at bedside. Discusses indications and potential pitfalls of the various imaging modalities, when pertinent, to make you aware of possible considerations. Uses a unique didactic approach that serves the knowledge needs of a wide range of experience levels. Follows a consistent section format from chapter to chapter that covers general concepts, case vignettes, case images, teaching messages, and selected readings, to help you quickly and easily locate the guidance you need.

Functional Neuroimaging In Exercise And Sport Sciences

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Author: Henning Boecker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461432936
Size: 16.41 MB
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Functional Neuroimaging In Exercise And Sport Sciences by Henning Boecker

Original Title: Functional Neuroimaging In Exercise And Sport Sciences

Regular physical exercise is associated with substantial health benefits. Recent evidence not only holds for cardiovascular effects promoting "physical health", but also for the central nervous system believed to promote "brain health”. Moderate physical exercise has been found to improve learning, memory, and attentional processing, with recent research indicating that neuroprotective mechanisms and associated plasticity in brain structure and function also benefit. Physical exercise is also known to induce a range of acute or sustained psychophysiological effects, among these mood elevation, stress reduction, anxiolysis, and hypoalgesia. Today, modern functional neuroimaging techniques afford direct measurement of the acute and chronic relation of physical exercise on the human brain, as well as the correlation of the derived physiological in vivo signals with behavioral outcomes recorded during and after exercise. A wide range of imaging techniques have been applied to human exercise research, ranging from electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to positron emission tomography (PET). All of these imaging methods provide distinct information, and they differ considerably in terms of spatial and temporal resolution, availability, cost, and associated risks. However, from a “multimodal imaging” perspective, neuroimaging provides an unprecedented potential to unravel the neurobiology of human exercise, covering a wide spectrum ranging from structural plasticity in gray and white matter, network dynamics, global and regional perfusion, evoked neuronal responses to the quantification of neurotransmitter release. The aim of this book is to provide the current state of the human neuroimaging literature in the emerging field of the neurobiological exercise sciences and to outline future applications and directions of research.

Neuroimaging Of Consciousness

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Author: Andrea Eugenio Cavanna
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642375804
Size: 48.18 MB
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Neuroimaging Of Consciousness by Andrea Eugenio Cavanna

Original Title: Neuroimaging Of Consciousness

Within the field of neuroscience, the past few decades have witnessed an exponential growth of research into the brain mechanisms underlying both normal and pathological states of consciousness in humans. The development of sophisticated imaging techniques to visualize and map brain activity in vivo has opened new avenues in our understanding of the pathological processes involved in common neuropsychiatric disorders affecting consciousness, such as epilepsy, coma, vegetative states, dissociative disorders, and dementia. This book presents the state of the art in neuroimaging exploration of the brain correlates of the alterations in consciousness across these conditions, with a particular focus on the potential applications for diagnosis and management. Although the book has a practical approach and is primarily targeted at neurologists, neuroradiologists, and psychiatrists, it will also serve as an essential reference for a wide range of researchers and health care professionals.

Neuroimaging In Forensic Psychiatry

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Author: Joseph R. Simpson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470976993
Size: 69.43 MB
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Neuroimaging In Forensic Psychiatry by Joseph R. Simpson

Original Title: Neuroimaging In Forensic Psychiatry

As neuroimaging becomes more widespread, it is increasingly being used in the courts, even though understanding and interpreting neuroimaging methods and results can be very challenging ? even without attempting to evaluate their potential applications to forensic questions. The sheer volume of available information, research results, and opinions can seem intimidating to forensic practitioners and to mental health professionals in general. This will be the first book dedicated to this important topic. Designed as a reference for forensic psychiatrists, it starts with a brief overview of the psychiatric applications of the primary neuroimaging techniques currently in most widespread use, positron emission tomography (PET), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Subsequent chapters explore the current and potential uses of neuroimaging in civil and criminal forensic contexts. Diagnostic categories addressed include traumatic brain injury, dementia, psychopathy, paraphilias, psychoses and mood disorders. Legal concepts such as admissibility, relevance, and standards of proof are reviewed as they relate to the possible uses of neuroimaging findings in legal proceedings; prior precedents and court decisions are also reviewed. Novel potential applications of neuroimaging, including detection of deception and identification of memory or recognition, are addressed in dedicated chapters. There is a growing body of writing on the ethical implications of neuroimaging in the legal context, but this has largely been in bioethics journals that have limited readership among members of the mental health profession. Ethical questions generated by the rapidly evolving field of forensic neuroimaging are explored in detail in a dedicated chapter. This book will be of great use to practicing forensic psychiatrists, forensic psychologists and forensic neurologists as they are increasingly likely to find themselves being asked to give professional opinions regarding the impact of neuroimaging findings on medicolegal questions such as competence, criminal responsibility, personal injury and disability. The book will be an invaluable resource for forensic practitioners seeking to understand and navigate this new area.

Clinical Mr Neuroimaging

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Author: Jonathan H. Gillard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139455701
Size: 58.10 MB
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Clinical Mr Neuroimaging by Jonathan H. Gillard

Original Title: Clinical Mr Neuroimaging

The physiological magnetic resonance techniques of diffusion imaging, perfusion imaging and spectroscopy offer insights into brain structure, function and metabolism. Until recently, they were mainly applied within the realm of medical research, but with their increasing availability on clinical MRI machines, they are now coming into clinical practice for the evaluation of neuropathology in individual patients. This book provides the reader with a thorough review of the underlying physical principles of each of these methods, as well as comprehensive coverage of their clinical applications. Topics covered include single- and multiple-voxel MRS techniques, MR perfusion based on both arterial spin labelling and dynamic bolus tracking approaches, and diffusion-weighted imaging, including techniques for mapping brain white matter fiber bundles. Clinical applications are reviewed in depth for each technique, with case reports included throughout the book. Attention is also drawn to possible artifacts and pitfalls associated with these techniques.

Neuroimaging Genetics

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Author: Kristin L. Bigos
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199920214
Size: 13.38 MB
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Neuroimaging Genetics by Kristin L. Bigos

Original Title: Neuroimaging Genetics

The field of neuroimaging genetics has grown exponentially over the past decade. To date there are more than 10,000 published papers involving MRI, PET, MEG and genetics. Neuroimaging Genetics: Principles and Practices is the comprehensive volume edited by Drs. Bigos, Hariri, and Weinberger and co-authored by the preeminent scholars in the field. This text reviews the basic principles of neuroimaging techniques and their application to neuroimaging genetics. The work presented in this volume elaborates on the explosive interest from diverse research areas in psychiatry and neurology in the use of imaging genetics as a unique tool to establish and identify mechanisms of risk, establish biological significance, and extend statistical evidence of genetic associations. Examples throughout highlight the application of imaging genetics to understand neurochemical systems and pathways, explore relationships between genetics and the structural and functional connectivity in human brain, and provide insight into mechanisms of risk for psychiatric and neurologic illness.

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