Non Equilibrium Processing Of Materials

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Author: C. Suryanarayana
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080537627
Size: 47.95 MB
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Non Equilibrium Processing Of Materials by C. Suryanarayana

Original Title: Non Equilibrium Processing Of Materials

The rapid technological developments during the later half of the 20th century have demanded materials that are stronger, capable of use at much higher temperatures, more corrosion-resistant, and much less expensive than those currently used. These demands become even more significant on the threshold of the new century and the millennium. Significant improvements in properties can only be achieved by processing the materials under far-from-equilibrium (or non-equilibrium) conditions. Several new processing technologies have been developed during the past few decades including, rapid solidification, spray forming, mechanical alloying, ion mixing, vapor deposition, laser processing and plasma processing. Remarkable advances have been made in recent years in the science and technology of these processes used to synthesize, characterize, and apply these materials processed under non-equilibrium conditions. Some of these techniques have evolved from laboratory curiosity to commercial-scale manufacturing in just a few years. In other cases, industrial necessity prompted development of the technology, and the science followed later. The chapters in this book have been written by people who are world-recognized experts in their respective fields. Each chapter describes the principles, processing techniques, special features of the materials produced, and their applications. An extensive list of references is provided at the end of each chapter that will facilitate location of additional information on specific aspects of any technique.

Non Equilibrium States And Glass Transitions In Foods

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Author: Bhesh R. Bhandari
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081003358
Size: 43.80 MB
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Non Equilibrium States And Glass Transitions In Foods by Bhesh R. Bhandari

Original Title: Non Equilibrium States And Glass Transitions In Foods

Non-equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Foods: Processing Effects and Product Specific Implications presents the tactics needed to understand and control non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in food, an essential element in maintaining the shelf-life and quality of foods. After brief introductory chapters introduce the science behind non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in foods, the book details how glass transition temperature is affected by composition and the ways it influences processability and physico-chemical changes during the storage of foods, also exploring how these effects can be controlled. The second section looks at individual foods, highlighting the implications of non-equilibrium states and glass transitions within these foods. Maintaining and improving the quality of food is of upmost importance to food companies who have to ensure that the shelf life of their products is as long as possible. A large amount of research has been performed into glass transitions in food over the last few years, however there has not been a comprehensive review. This book fills that gap. Provides the only book on the market that covers non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in food from a practical standpoint Presents food industry professionals in the area of food quality with essential information on the effects of glass transitions and non-equilibrium states on the shelf life of specific products Edited by global leaders in glass transition technology in foods

Laser Assisted Fabrication Of Materials

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Author: Jyotsna Dutta Majumdar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642283594
Size: 59.82 MB
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Laser Assisted Fabrication Of Materials by Jyotsna Dutta Majumdar

Original Title: Laser Assisted Fabrication Of Materials

Laser assisted fabrication involves shaping of materials using laser as a source of heat. It can be achieved by removal of materials (laser assisted cutting, drilling, etc.), deformation (bending, extrusion), joining (welding, soldering) and addition of materials (surface cladding or direct laser cladding). This book on ́Laser assisted Fabrication’ is aimed at developing in-depth engineering concepts on various laser assisted macro and micro-fabrication techniques with the focus on application and a review of the engineering background of different micro/macro-fabrication techniques, thermal history of the treated zone and microstructural development and evolution of properties of the treated zone.

Molecular Materials

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Author: Duncan W. Bruce
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119972952
Size: 27.61 MB
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Molecular Materials by Duncan W. Bruce

Original Title: Molecular Materials

“… the book does an excellent job of putting together several different classes of materials. Many common points emerge, and the book may facilitate the development of hybrids in which the qualities of the “parents” are enhanced.” –Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011 With applications in optoelectronics and photonics, quantum information processing, nanotechnology and data storage, molecular materials enrich our daily lives in countless ways. These materials have properties that depend on their exact structure, the degree of order in the way the molecules are aligned and their crystalline nature. Small, delicate changes in molecular structure can totally alter the properties of the material in bulk. There has been increasing emphasis on functional metal complexes that demonstrate a wide range of physical phenomena. Molecular Materials represents the diversity of the area, encapsulating magnetic, optical and electrical properties, with chapters on: Metal-Based Quadratic Nonlinear Optical Materials Physical Properties of Metallomesogens Molecular Magnetic Materials Molecular Inorganic Conductors and Superconductors Molecular Nanomagnets Structured to include a clear introduction, a discussion of the basic concepts and up-to-date coverage of key aspects, each chapter provides a detailed review which conveys the excitement of work in that field. Additional volumes in the Inorganic Materials Series: Low-Dimensional Solids | Molecular Materials | Porous Materials | Energy Materials

Laser Processing Surface Treatment And Film Deposition

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Author: J. Mazumder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400901976
Size: 48.56 MB
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Laser Processing Surface Treatment And Film Deposition by J. Mazumder

Original Title: Laser Processing Surface Treatment And Film Deposition

Synthesis of nonequilibrium metallic phases has been an area of great interest to the materials processing community since early 1960. Inherent rapid cooling rates in laser processing are being used to engineer non-equilibrium microstructures which cannot be rivaled by other processes. This lecture will discuss the phenomena involved and its application in designing materials with tailored properties. What is non-equilibrium Synthesis? This is a synthesis method to produce binary or higher order materials where kinetics of the pro cess affects the transport of the constituent elements during phase transformation resulting in a composition or crystallographic configuration which is different from what is observed when the elements arranges themselves with the lowest possible Gibbs Free energy, which is the equilibrium condition. Figure 1 illustrates the phenomena. Phase diagram under equilibrium condition is illustrated by the solid line whereas the no-equilibrium phase diagram is represented by the dotted line. One can observe the shrinkage of the phase field under non-equilibrium condition. Any alloy composition between the solidus lines of the equilibrium and non-equilibrium phase diagram will be a non equilibrium alloys with extended solid solution.

Advanced Materials And Processes

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Author: Dragan P. Uskoković
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications
Size: 33.15 MB
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Advanced Materials And Processes by Dragan P. Uskoković

Original Title: Advanced Materials And Processes

Modern Technology depends upon modern materials. Life as we know it would hardly be possible without the progress that has been made in cutting edge materials science. This is true of both the various theoretical aspects and of the practical engineering applications. The present book provides an update on the most recent findings in the currently most challenging materials groups. This will be found to be a very interesting collection both for the working researcher who wants to stay well-informed as to the full range of possibilities, and for the advanced student who wishes to enter this most fascinating scientific field. Part I: Nanophase and Amorphous Materials. Part II: Nonequilibrium Processing. Part III: Fullerenes and Nanotubes. Part IV: Thin Films. Part V: Ceramics. Part VI: Particulate Composites. Part VII: Carbon Materials and Polymer Composites. Part VIII: Polymers. Part IX: Physical Metallurgy.

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