Commonsense Reasoning

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Author: Erik T. Mueller
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080476612
Size: 11.62 MB
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Commonsense Reasoning by Erik T. Mueller

Original Title: Commonsense Reasoning

To endow computers with common sense is one of the major long-term goals of Artificial Intelligence research. One approach to this problem is to formalize commonsense reasoning using mathematical logic. Commonsense Reasoning is a detailed, high-level reference on logic-based commonsense reasoning. It uses the event calculus, a highly powerful and usable tool for commonsense reasoning, which Erik T. Mueller demonstrates as the most effective tool for the broadest range of applications. He provides an up-to-date work promoting the use of the event calculus for commonsense reasoning, and bringing into one place information scattered across many books and papers. Mueller shares the knowledge gained in using the event calculus and extends the literature with detailed event calculus solutions to problems that span many areas of the commonsense world. Covers key areas of commonsense reasoning including action, change, defaults, space, and mental states. The first full book on commonsense reasoning to use the event calculus. Contextualizes the event calculus within the framework of commonsense reasoning, introducing the event calculus as the best method overall. Focuses on how to use the event calculus formalism to perform commonsense reasoning, while existing papers and books examine the formalisms themselves. Includes fully worked out proofs and circumscriptions for every example.

Artificial General Intelligence 2008

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Author: P. Wang
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1607503093
Size: 74.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Artificial General Intelligence 2008 by P. Wang

Original Title: Artificial General Intelligence 2008

The field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) was initially directly aimed at the construction of ‘thinking machines’ – that is, computer systems with human-like general intelligence. But this task proved more difficult than expected. As the years passed, AI researchers gradually shifted focus to producing AI systems that intelligently approached specific tasks in relatively narrow domains. In recent years, however, more and more AI researchers have recognized the necessity – and the feasibility – of returning to the original goal of the field. Increasingly, there is a call to focus less on highly specialized ‘narrow AI’ problem solving systems, and more on confronting the difficult issues involved in creating ‘human-level intelligence’, and ultimately general intelligence that goes beyond the human level in various ways. Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), as this renewed focus has come to be called, attempts to study and reproduce intelligence as a whole in a domain independent way. Encouraged by the recent success of several smaller-scale AGI-related meetings and special tracks at conferences, the initiative to organize the very first international conference on AGI was taken, with the goal to give researchers in the field an opportunity to present relevant research results and to exchange ideas on topics of common interest. In this collection you will find the conference papers: full-length papers, short position statements and also the papers presented in the post conference workshop on the sociocultural, ethical and futurological implications of AGI.

Social Robotics

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Author: Shuzhi Sam Ge
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642341039
Size: 38.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Social Robotics by Shuzhi Sam Ge

Original Title: Social Robotics

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2012, held in Chengdu, China, in October 2012. The 66 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on affective and cognitive sciences for socially interactive robots, situated interaction and embodiment, robots to assist the elderly and persons with disabilities, social acceptance of robots and their impact to the society, artificial empathy, HRI through non-verbal communication and control, social telepresence robots, embodiments and networks, interaction and collaboration among robots, humans and environment, human augmentation, rehabilitation, and medical robots I and II.

Rights Talk

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Author: Mary Ann Glendon
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439108684
Size: 18.68 MB
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Rights Talk by Mary Ann Glendon

Original Title: Rights Talk

Political speech in the United States is undergoing a crisis. Glendon's acclaimed book traces the evolution of the strident language of rights in America and shows how it has captured the nation's devotion to individualism and liberty, but omitted the American traditions of hospitality and care for the community.

Knowledge Science Engineering And Management

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Author: Yaxin Bi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642152791
Size: 24.83 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Knowledge Science Engineering And Management by Yaxin Bi

Original Title: Knowledge Science Engineering And Management

The proceedings contains the papers selected for the 4th International Conf- ence on Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management (KSEM). The c- lection of papers represent the wide range of research activities that have been carriedout,coveringknowledgerepresentationandreasoning,knowledgeextr- tion, knowledge integration, data mining and knowledge discovery, etc. Ad- tionally, two special sessions:“Theoryand Practiceof Ontologyfor the Semantic Web” and “Application of Data Mining to Seismic Data Analysis for Earthquake Study” have been included along with the main conference program. All of the papers havebeen peer reviewedby the members of the ProgramCommittee and external reviewers; 45 regular papers and 12 short papers were selected. They represent the state of the art of research in KSEM-related research areas. The International Conference on Knowledge Science, Engineering and M- agement in 2010 was the fourth event in the series of successful conferences, previously held in Guilin, China, Melbourne, Australia, and Vienna, Austria. It speci?cally focused on becoming a premier forum for prototype and deployed knowledge engineering and knowledge-based systems. KSEM o?ers an exc- tional opportunity for presenting original work, the latest scienti?c and te- nological advances on knowledge-related systems, and discussing and debating practical challenges and opportunities for the research community. A great many people contributed to making KSEM2010 a successful conf- ence. First of all, we would like to thank the KSEM2010 Organizing Committee and the School of Computing and Mathematics and the University of Ulster for providing crucial support throughout the organization of the conference.

Handbook Of Knowledge Representation

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Author: Frank van Harmelen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080557021
Size: 11.16 MB
Format: PDF
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Handbook Of Knowledge Representation by Frank van Harmelen

Original Title: Handbook Of Knowledge Representation

Handbook of Knowledge Representation describes the essential foundations of Knowledge Representation, which lies at the core of Artificial Intelligence (AI). The book provides an up-to-date review of twenty-five key topics in knowledge representation, written by the leaders of each field. It includes a tutorial background and cutting-edge developments, as well as applications of Knowledge Representation in a variety of AI systems. This handbook is organized into three parts. Part I deals with general methods in Knowledge Representation and reasoning and covers such topics as classical logic in Knowledge Representation; satisfiability solvers; description logics; constraint programming; conceptual graphs; nonmonotonic reasoning; model-based problem solving; and Bayesian networks. Part II focuses on classes of knowledge and specialized representations, with chapters on temporal representation and reasoning; spatial and physical reasoning; reasoning about knowledge and belief; temporal action logics; and nonmonotonic causal logic. Part III discusses Knowledge Representation in applications such as question answering; the semantic web; automated planning; cognitive robotics; multi-agent systems; and knowledge engineering. This book is an essential resource for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in knowledge representation and AI. * Make your computer smarter * Handle qualitative and uncertain information * Improve computational tractability to solve your problems easily

Perspectives On American Religion And Culture

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Author: Peter W. Williams
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
ISBN: 9781577181187
Size: 24.25 MB
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Perspectives On American Religion And Culture by Peter W. Williams

Original Title: Perspectives On American Religion And Culture

These essays feature a variety of topics on religion from the United States covering both historical and contemporary times. Topics covered include the African American and Native American religious experience and the roles of gender and family.

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