Perspectives In Operations Research

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Author: Frank B. Alt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387399348
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Perspectives In Operations Research by Frank B. Alt


Original Title: Perspectives In Operations Research

A Symposium was held on February 25, 2006 in honor of the 80th birthday of Saul I. Gass and his major contributions to the field of operations research over 50 years. This volume includes articles from each of the Symposium speakers plus 16 other articles from friends, colleagues, and former students. Each contributor offers a forward-looking perspective on the future development of the field.

Community Based Operations Research

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Author: Michael P. Johnson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461408062
Size: 51.89 MB
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Community Based Operations Research by Michael P. Johnson


Original Title: Community Based Operations Research

This edited volume is an introduction to diverse methods and applications in operations research focused on local populations and community-based organizations that have the potential to improve the lives of individuals and communities in tangible ways. The book's themes include: space, place and community; disadvantaged, underrepresented or underserved populations; international and transnational applications; multimethod, cross-disciplinary and comparative approaches and appropriate technology; and analytics. The book is comprised of eleven original submissions, a re-print of a 2007 article by Johnson and Smilowitz that introduces CBOR, and an introductory chapter that provides policy motivation, antecedents to CBOR in OR/MS, a theory of CBOR and a comprehensive review of the chapters. It is hoped that this book will provide a resource to academics and practitioners who seek to develop methods and applications that bridge the divide between traditional OR/MS rooted in mathematical models and newer streams in 'soft OR' that emphasize problem structuring methods, critical approaches to OR/MS and community engagement and capacity-building.

Operations Research Models Applied For Allocation Of Public Resources Under The Efficiency Effectiveness Equity 3e Perspective

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Author: Melissa Pizarro Aguilar
Publisher:
ISBN:
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Operations Research Models Applied For Allocation Of Public Resources Under The Efficiency Effectiveness Equity 3e Perspective by Melissa Pizarro Aguilar


Original Title: Operations Research Models Applied For Allocation Of Public Resources Under The Efficiency Effectiveness Equity 3e Perspective

Abstract: The main difference among operation research models for the private sector and the public sector is the inclusion of the equity criteria. In this sense, one of the objectives of this project was identifying proposed models to solve allocation problems in the public sector, under the efficiency, effectiveness and equity (3E) principles as the providers of public services need to guarantee non-discriminatory access to the services to all of the population, and at the same time make the best use of the limited resources. We identified various models that include the equity perspective, but we focused on the data envelopment analysis (DEA) resources allocation model developed by Goaz Golany and Eran Tamir, as it integrates the 3E. This integration is important as the tradeoffs among certain decisions at each dimension could affect the performance in other dimension. The second objective of this thesis is validating a systematic budget allocation methodology for the primary health care sector in Costa Rica. The institution evaluated is the area of health Jiménez Núñez (Goicoechea 2) which is composed of 10 Basic Teams for Comprehensive Care in Health (EBAIS). The EBAIS were selected as the decision making units for the validation. We applied the model under study progressively, as the first evaluation done was the DEA to obtain the efficiency scores per EBAIS: four EBAIS out of ten were found efficient. Then, to demonstrate how the DEA allocation model improves the efficiency of the DMUs under study, we applied the model for the multi-input and multi-output scenario. As a result of the proposed allocation, now eight EBAIS were found efficient. Finally, we include the equity perspective into the analysis. The DEA proved to be a useful management tool as it performs the efficiency assessment from a comparison between DMUs through data and among data by generating the efficiency frontier. To run this operations research model, various analytical choices must be made. When these choices depend heavily on the analysts, the appropriateness of the model depends on the consistency between the analytical choices and the judgment of experienced decision makers. There may exist generally accepted standards in the efficiency and equity literature, but the mathematical model developed will always have to address different factors depending on the object of study. The DEA model has been widely used in health institutions and many other public sector organizations in the world, but this is the first application at the primary health system at Costa Rica and additionally it is including the equity perspective, as most of the literature shows DEA case studies for efficiency assessment only. We can also think of standardizing and systematizing the decision making at the health areas by disseminating the use of the DEA-RAM with equity model and then applying the extensions along the model to be broadened to incorporate resource allocation at the national level as it would be valuable to develop this analysis for the 103 health areas at Costa Rica as DMUs.

Operational Research And The Social Sciences

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Author: S.A. Cropper
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461307899
Size: 68.62 MB
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Operational Research And The Social Sciences by S.A. Cropper


Original Title: Operational Research And The Social Sciences

Twenty five years ago, in 1964, The Operational Research Society's first International Conference (held at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge) took as its theme "Operational Research and the Social Sciences". The Conference sessions were organised around topics such as: Organisations and Control; Social Effects of Policies; Conflict Resolution; The Systems Concept; Models, Decisions and Operational Research. An examination of the published proceedings (J.R.Lawrence ed., 1966, Operational Research and the Social Sciences, Tavistock, London) reveals a distinct contrast between the types of contribution made by the representatives of the two academic communities involved. Nevertheless, the Conference served to break down some barriers, largely of ignorance about the objects, methods and findings of each concern. In the ensuing twenty five years, although debate has continued about the relationship between OR and the social sciences, mutual understanding has proved more difficult to achieve than many must have hoped for in 1964.

Operational Research In War And Peace

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Author: M. W. Kirby
Publisher: Imperial College Press
ISBN: 9781860943669
Size: 52.46 MB
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Operational Research In War And Peace by M. W. Kirby


Original Title: Operational Research In War And Peace

This invaluable book provides an account of Operational Research in Britain, the country of its inception, from the late 1930s to 1970. Originating in response to the country's air defence needs against the Luftwaffe, Operational Research had outstanding achievements as part of the 'secret war' against Nazi Germany. After 1945, the discipline began to be adopted in an increasing range of industries and services. In the 1960s -- by which time it was being incorporated in to university curricula -- the discipline began to penetrate into civil government departments. The history of Operational Research provides unique insights into the conduct of modern warfare, the professionalisation of business management and the modernisation of the civil service. The chronological coverage, from the late 1930s to 1970, coincides with 'golden age' of Operational Research, when the discipline was presented as a means of achieving optimum solutions to complex managerial problems. The book will be of interest to military and business historians, as well as to historians of public administration and higher education.

Recent Advances In Stochastic Operations Research

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Author: Tadashi Dohi
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812706682
Size: 47.57 MB
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Recent Advances In Stochastic Operations Research by Tadashi Dohi


Original Title: Recent Advances In Stochastic Operations Research

Operations research uses quantitative models to analyze and predict the behavior of systems and to provide information for decision makers. Two key concepts in operations research are optimization and uncertainty. This volume consists of a collection of peer reviewed papers from the International Workshop on Recent Advances in Stochastic Operations Research (RASOR 2005), August 25OCo26, 2005, Canmore, Alberta, Canada. In particular, the book focusses on models in stochastic operations research, including queueing models, inventory models, financial engineering models, reliability models, and simulations models."

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