Peatlands

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Author: I.P. Martini
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080468051
Size: 11.20 MB
Format: PDF
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Peatlands by I.P. Martini


Original Title: Peatlands

'In the past two decades there has been considerable work on global climatic change and its effect on the ecosphere, as well as on local and global environmental changes triggered by human activities. From the tropics to the Arctic, peatlands have developed under various geological conditions, and they provide good records of global and local changes since the Late Pleistocene. The objectives of the book are to analyze topics such as geological evolution of major peatlands basins; peatlands as self sustaining ecosystems; chemical environment of peatlands: water and peat chemistry; peatlands as archives of environmental changes; influence of peatlands on atmosphere: circular complex interactions; remote sensing studies of peatlands; peatlands as a resource; peatlands degradation, restoration, plus more.' * Presents an interdisciplinary approach, with an emphasis on Earth Science, and addresses the need for intergration between subdisciplines and the developing of new approaches * Synthesizes the evolutionary, ecological, and chemical characteristics of major peatlands, as well as focuses on the environmental changes, from climate changes to surface ares changes due to human activities * Covers topical studies of worldwide interest and provides examples from many different countries

Conserving Peatlands

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Author: Lucy Parkyn
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9780851989983
Size: 25.99 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Conserving Peatlands by Lucy Parkyn


Original Title: Conserving Peatlands

Peatlands are a unique and fast disappearing landscape. More and more countries are recognising this situation and protective legislation is increasingly being put in place. It is therefore important to understand all the processes and influences that are involved in sustaining the remaining examples of this fragile ecosystem. This book brings together the leading workers in this area. The contributions have been developed from the Peatlands Convention, held in Edinburgh and include a foreword by David Bellamy. The book addresses two key questions: why should peatlands be conserved and how should this be achieved? The first question is answered by chapters that look at the variety, attributes and interest in active bogs and peatlands throughout the world. There are contributions that consider the peat archive and look at how this contains information on the history of the site as well as material of much wider historical relevance. The book includes chapters describing the past and present uses of peatlands and includes discussion about their current commercial exploitation. This book summarises the current situation regarding peatlands and bogs and sets the agenda for their future survival. The work that has been brought together in this volume is important reading for all conservation workers, environmental scientists, ecologists, land managers and farmers working with peatlands and bogs. The book is also relevant to all government policy makers and voluntary bodies involved in sustaining biodiversity.

Carbon Cycling In Northern Peatlands

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Author: Andrew J. Baird
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118671635
Size: 80.32 MB
Format: PDF
View: 1907

Carbon Cycling In Northern Peatlands by Andrew J. Baird


Original Title: Carbon Cycling In Northern Peatlands

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 184. Carbon Cycling in Northern Peatlands examines the role that northern peatlands play in regulating the atmospheric carbon budget. It summarizes current research in four interconnected areas: large-scale peatland dynamics and carbon cycling; plant and microbial dynamics and their effect on carbon fluxes to the atmosphere; methane accumulation in, and loss from, peatlands; and water and dissolved carbon fluxes through peatlands. The volume highlights include A thorough assessment of the challenges involved in incorporating carbon cycling in northern peatlands into global climate models; A conceptual model to examine the partitioning of terminal carbon mineralization into production of CO2 and CH4; A comprehensive review of the evidence for the accumulation of methane in deep and shallow peat; and A description of the hydrologic changes induced by peat harvesting and associated challenges in restoring altered peatlands to their natural hydrologic regime. Carbon Cycling in Northern Peatlands will be of interest to research scientists and graduate and undergraduate students, particularly those who wish to know more about the role of peatlands in the global carbon cycle and their role as modifiers of climate.

Peatlands And Environmental Change

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Author: Dan Charman
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471969907
Size: 61.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Peatlands And Environmental Change by Dan Charman


Original Title: Peatlands And Environmental Change

Due to an awareness of peatlands as a diminishing resource, peatland conservation and rehabilitation has become an important study area. Peatlands and Environmental Change offers a new approach by considering peatlands as a whole ecosystem, and thereby provides a better understanding of the importance and the consequences of the functioning of peatlands. Contents include: * Peat and peatlands * Peat landforms and structure * Peatland hydrology and ecology * Origins and pest initiation * Peat accumulation * The peatland archive: palaeoenvironmental evidence * Autogenic change * Allogenic change * Peatland - environmental feedbacks * Values, exploitation and human impacts * Conservation management and restoration

Peatlands

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Author: Marja-Liisa Tapio-Biström
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization
ISBN: 9789251073025
Size: 16.84 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Peatlands by Marja-Liisa Tapio-Biström


Original Title: Peatlands

Peatland drainage--mainly for agriculture, grazing and forestry--and peat fires are responsible for almost one quarter of carbon emissions from the land use sector. Peatlands and organic soils contain 30 percent of the world's soil carbon but only cover 3 percent of the Earth's land area. Peatlands provide many important ecosystem services, including water regulation, biodiversity conservation, and carbon sequestration and storage. Through conservation, restoration and better management, organic soils and peatlands can make a substantial contribution to reducing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. This report provides information on management and finance options to achieve emissions reductions and enhance other vital ecosystem services from peatlands. A decision support tree guides users through potential options for the management of both cultivated and uncultivated peatlands.

Peatlands Climate Change Mitigation And Biodiversity Conservation

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Author: Hans Joosten
Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers
ISBN: 9289341696
Size: 33.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Peatlands Climate Change Mitigation And Biodiversity Conservation by Hans Joosten


Original Title: Peatlands Climate Change Mitigation And Biodiversity Conservation

Did you know that • peatlands hold more carbon than all forests of the world combined? • drained peatlands are responsible for 25% of total CO2 emissions in the Nordic and Baltic countries? • rewetting of peatlands substantially reduces these emissions? This policy brief pleads for increased commitments to conserving and rewetting peatlands; for abolishing regulations that drive peatland drainage; for changing drained peatland use to paludicultures; and for setting up good practice demonstration projects. It stresses the need for better communicating the benefits of wet peatlands and the costs arising from damaged ones. Finally it highlights the role of peatland rewetting and restoration in reaching national and international policy targets for climate change mitigation, water quality improvement and biodiversity conservation.

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