Phase Transitions In Foods

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Author: Yrjö H. Roos
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080538730
Size: 15.46 MB
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Phase Transitions In Foods by Yrjö H. Roos

Original Title: Phase Transitions In Foods

Assembling recent research and theories, this book describes the phase and state transitions that affect technological properties of biological materials occurring in food processing and storage. It covers the role of water as a plasticizer, the effect of transitions on mechanical and chemical changes, and the application of modeling in predicting stability rates of changes. The volume presents methods for detecting changes in the physical state and various techniques used to analyze phase behavior of biopolymers and food components. This book should become a valuable resource for anyone involved with food engineering, processing, storage, and quality, as well as those working on related properties of pharmaceuticals and other biopolymers. Contains descriptions of nonfat food solids as"biopolymers"which exhibit physical properties that are highly dependent on temperature, time, and water content Details the effects of water on the state and stability of foods Includes information on changes occuring in state and physicochemical properties during processing and storage The only book on phase and state transitions written specifically for the applications in food industry, product development, and research No recent competition

Phase State Transitions In Foods Chemical Structural And Rheological Changes

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Author: Rao
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824701796
Size: 15.58 MB
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Phase State Transitions In Foods Chemical Structural And Rheological Changes by Rao

Original Title: Phase State Transitions In Foods Chemical Structural And Rheological Changes

"Covers the basic and applied principles of phase/state transitions and analyzes their impact on chemical, physical, and rheological changes occurring in food during processing, preservation, and storage-offering practical insights on the most effective ways to move product development forward. Provides a fundamental understanding of transition phenomena, food components, and products, and unit operations. "

Non Equilibrium States And Glass Transitions In Foods

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Author: Bhesh Bhandari
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9780081003091
Size: 80.57 MB
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Non Equilibrium States And Glass Transitions In Foods by Bhesh Bhandari

Original Title: Non Equilibrium States And Glass Transitions In Foods

Non-equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Foods: Processing Effects and Product Specific Implications presents the tactics needed to understand and control non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in food, an essential element in maintaining the shelf-life and quality of foods. After brief introductory chapters introduce the science behind non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in foods, the book details how glass transition temperature is affected by composition and the ways it influences processability and physico-chemical changes during the storage of foods, also exploring how these effects can be controlled. The second section looks at individual foods, highlighting the implications of non-equilibrium states and glass transitions within these foods. Maintaining and improving the quality of food is of upmost importance to food companies who have to ensure that the shelf life of their products is as long as possible. A large amount of research has been performed into glass transitions in food over the last few years, however there has not been a comprehensive review. This book fills that gap. Provides the only book on the market that covers non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in food from a practical standpoint Presents food industry professionals in the area of food quality with essential information on the effects of glass transitions and non-equilibrium states on the shelf life of specific products Edited by global leaders in glass transition technology in foods

Phase Transitions

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Author: Moshe Gitterman
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814520624
Size: 44.68 MB
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Phase Transitions by Moshe Gitterman

Original Title: Phase Transitions

This book provides a comprehensive review of the theory of phase transitions and its modern applications, based on the five pillars of the modern theory of phase transitions: the Ising model, mean field, scaling, renormalization group and universality. This expanded second edition includes, along with a description of vortices and high temperature superconductivity, a discussion of phase transitions in chemical reactions and moving systems. The book covers the close connection between phase transitions and small world phenomena as well as scale-free systems such as the stock market and the Internet.

Phase Transitions In Cell Biology

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Author: Gerald H. Pollack
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402086512
Size: 35.94 MB
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Phase Transitions In Cell Biology by Gerald H. Pollack

Original Title: Phase Transitions In Cell Biology

Phase transitions occur throughout nature. The most familiar example is the one that occurs in water – the abrupt, discontinuous transition from a liquid to a gas or a solid, induced by a subtle environmental change. Practically magical, the ever-so-slight shift of temperature or pressure can induce an astonishing transition from one entity to another entity that bears little resemblance to the first. So "convenient" a feature is seen throughout the domains of physics and chemistry, and one is therefore led to wonder whether it might also be common to biology. Indeed, many of the most fundamental cellular processes are arguably attributable to radical structural shifts triggered by subtle changes that cross a critical threshold. These processes include transport, motion, signaling, division, and other fundamental aspects of cellular function. Largely on the basis of this radical concept, a symposium was organized in Poitiers, France, to bring together people who have additional evidence for the role of phase transitions in biology, and this book is a compendium of some of the more far-reaching of those presentations, as well as several others that seemed to the editors to be compelling. The book should be suitable for anyone interested in the nature of biological function, particularly those who tire of lumbering along well trodden pathways of pursuit, and are eager to hear something fresh. The book is replete with fresh interpretations of familiar phenomena, and should serve as an excellent gateway to deeper understanding.

Kinetics Of Phase Transitions

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Author: Sanjay Puri
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420008364
Size: 17.35 MB
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Kinetics Of Phase Transitions by Sanjay Puri

Original Title: Kinetics Of Phase Transitions

Providing a comprehensive introduction with the necessary background material to make it accessible for a wide scientific audience, Kinetics of Phase Transitions discusses developments in domain-growth kinetics. This book combines pedagogical chapters from leading experts in this area and focuses on incorporating various experimentally relevant effects—such as disorder, strain fields, and wetting surfaces—into studies of phase ordering dynamics. In addition, it highlights topics garnering recent interest, such as the growth of nanostructures on surfaces. This book also provides a comprehensive overview of numerical techniques, which have proven useful in studying these complex nonlinear problems.

Handbook Of Food Engineering Second Edition

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Author: Dennis R. Heldman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420014374
Size: 30.76 MB
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Handbook Of Food Engineering Second Edition by Dennis R. Heldman

Original Title: Handbook Of Food Engineering Second Edition

As the demand for safe, nutritious, convenient foods continues to rise, and the capabilities of molecular biology and nutritional biochemistry continue to expand, the need for up-to-date engineering information becomes ever more critical. The application of innovative engineering concepts enables scientific breakthroughs to be utilized in the manufacture of the highest quality food products at the lowest possible cost. Handbook of Food Engineering, Second Edition assembles the most recent information available for the efficient design and development of processes used in the manufacturing of food products, along with traditional background and fundamental information. In keeping with the comprehensive and informative style of the original, this second edition focuses on the thermophysical properties of food and the rate constants of change in food components during processing. It highlights the use of these properties and constants in process design. Beginning with a review of the properties of food and food ingredients and the traditional unit operations associated with food manufacture, the book moves on to discuss specific points associated with freezing, concentration, dehydration, thermal processing, and extrusion. Key chapters cover basic concepts of the transport and storage of liquids and solids, as well as important topics in packaging, cleaning, and sanitation. New information on membrane processes addresses not only liquid concentration, but also other applications for membranes in food processing. The chapters on mass transfer in foods and food packaging have been extensively revised. Delineating the concepts of engineering as they are applied to the latest advancements in food manufacture, Handbook of Food Engineering, Second Edition contributes to the evolution of food engineering as an interface between engineering and other food sciences.

Understanding Quantum Phase Transitions

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Author: Lincoln Carr
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439802610
Size: 61.69 MB
Format: PDF
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Understanding Quantum Phase Transitions by Lincoln Carr

Original Title: Understanding Quantum Phase Transitions

Quantum phase transitions (QPTs) offer wonderful examples of the radical macroscopic effects inherent in quantum physics: phase changes between different forms of matter driven by quantum rather than thermal fluctuations, typically at very low temperatures. QPTs provide new insight into outstanding problems such as high-temperature superconductivity and display fundamental aspects of quantum theory, such as strong correlations and entanglement. Over the last two decades, our understanding of QPTs has increased tremendously due to a plethora of experimental examples, powerful new numerical methods, and novel theoretical understanding of previously intractable quantum many-body problems. Understanding Quantum Phase Transitions organizes our current understanding of QPTs with an emphasis on examples from condensed matter physics. Bringing together 48 well known physicists involved with the theory and observation of QPTs, this unique work provides a thorough yet concise examination of the field. Each chapter takes readers through past discoveries right up through the latest research results, and then ends with open questions and unsolved problems. Part I treats new concepts and directions in QPTs, from dynamics through dissipation and entanglement, and includes introductory material suitable for scientists new to the field. Part II explores specific models, systems, and aspects of QPTs, including topological order, the Kondo lattice, the Jaynes-Cummings lattice, reduced dimensionality, finite-size effects and metastability, and QPTs in Bose-Einstein condensates. Part III covers experiments motivated by a deeper understanding of QPTs, including quantum dots, 2D electron systems, frustrated lattices in molecular antiferromagnets, heavy fermions, and ultracold atoms in optical lattices. Part IV presents advances in numerical methods used to study QPTs, including cluster Monte Carlo and the worm algorithm, matrix-product-state methods, and dynamical mean-field theory. Part V looks at the relevance of QPTs beyond condensed-matter physics, including their occurrence in neutron stars, the quark-gluon plasma, cavity QED systems, and string theory. Graduate students, post-doctoral researchers, and professional scientists who seek a deep knowledge of QPTs will all find this book very useful. Researchers in the field will enhance their appreciation of the incredible breadth of the subject in chapters covering material outside their specialties.

Phase Transitions

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Author: Ricard V. Solé
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691150753
Size: 26.21 MB
Format: PDF
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Phase Transitions by Ricard V. Solé

Original Title: Phase Transitions

Phase transitions--changes between different states of organization in a complex system--have long helped to explain physics concepts, such as why water freezes into a solid or boils to become a gas. How might phase transitions shed light on important problems in biological and ecological complex systems? Exploring the origins and implications of sudden changes in nature and society, Phase Transitions examines different dynamical behaviors in a broad range of complex systems. Using a compelling set of examples, from gene networks and ant colonies to human language and the degradation of diverse ecosystems, the book illustrates the power of simple models to reveal how phase transitions occur. Introductory chapters provide the critical concepts and the simplest mathematical techniques required to study phase transitions. In a series of example-driven chapters, Ricard Solé shows how such concepts and techniques can be applied to the analysis and prediction of complex system behavior, including the origins of life, viral replication, epidemics, language evolution, and the emergence and breakdown of societies. Written at an undergraduate mathematical level, this book provides the essential theoretical tools and foundations required to develop basic models to explain collective phase transitions for a wide variety of ecosystems.

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