Plant Cell Death Processes

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Author: Larry D. Nooden
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080492087
Size: 63.44 MB
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Plant Cell Death Processes by Larry D. Nooden

Original Title: Plant Cell Death Processes

Programmed cell death is a common pattern of growth and development in both animals and plants. However, programmed cell death and related processes are not as generally recognized as central to plant growth. This is changing fast and is becoming more of a focus of intensive research. This edited work will bring under one cover recent reviews of programmed cell death, apoptosis and senescence. Summaries of the myriad aspects of cell death in plants Discussion of the broadest implications of these disparite results A unification of fields where there has been no cross talk Enables easy entry into diverse but related lines of research

Programmed Cell Death In Plants

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Author: John Gray
Publisher: Springer Science & Business
ISBN: 9780849319808
Size: 36.58 MB
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Programmed Cell Death In Plants by John Gray

Original Title: Programmed Cell Death In Plants

The recognition of cell death as an active process has changed the way in which biologists view living things. Geneticists are now re-evaluating long-known mutants, redesigning research strategies, and searching for new model systems. Plant biologists now apply this new perspective in the investigation of programmed cell death (PCD) in plants. For the first time in a single volume, Programmed Cell Death in Plants draws together new information from researchers worldwide, enabling readers to develop new insights into this emerging topic. The book refers to relevant PDC paradigms in other organisms, describes the cell death events in reproductive tissues, and discusses PCD events in vegetative tissues and the evidence that links PCD regulation to cell cycle regulation. It also investigates the important role of PCD in plant responses to biotic stress. The author distills the difficult literature on this topic and summarizes the various signaling pathways involved, clarifying a subject critical to plant breeding. This volume concludes by stating how new model systems, careful assessment of cell death events, and markers specific to plant PCD are each required for additional insight into plant PCD processes.

Plant Programmed Cell Death

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Author: Arunika N. Gunawardena
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319210335
Size: 41.89 MB
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Plant Programmed Cell Death by Arunika N. Gunawardena

Original Title: Plant Programmed Cell Death

Programmed cell death (PCD) is a genetically encoded, active process which results in the death of individual cells, tissues, or whole organs. PCD plays an essential role in plant development and defense, and occurs throughout a plant’s lifecycle from the death of the embryonic suspensor to leaf and floral organ senescence. In plant biology, PCD is a relatively new research area, however, as its fundamental importance is further recognized, publications in the area are beginning to increase significantly. The field currently has few foundational reference books and there is a critical need for books that summarizes recent findings in this important area. This book contains chapters written by several of the world’s leading researchers in PCD. This book will be invaluable for PhD or graduate students, or for scientists and researchers entering the field. Established researchers will also find this timely work useful as an up-to-date overview of this fascinating research area.

Cell Biology And Instrumentation

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Author: Yaroslav Blume
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1586035746
Size: 42.89 MB
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Cell Biology And Instrumentation by Yaroslav Blume

Original Title: Cell Biology And Instrumentation

"Cellular processes, signaled by UV radiation, contribute to the behavior of plants under various and different stresses in the environment. The importance of the free radical, nitric oxide (NO) was identified as a key early signal in this process. Stress-induced NO can be protective, produce physiological disorders, DNA damage, and programmed cell death (apoptosis). This volume is divided into three parts; (I) Instrumentation and Ecological Aspects; which evaluates case histories and introduces new instruments for the non-invasive sensing and imaging of UV-stress-related damage in vegetation. (II) Effects of UV Radiation, Nitric oxide and Plant stress; this identifies the cell biological hazards of UV radiation coupled to other environmental stresses, and (III) Plant Stress and Programmed Cell Death; Examining how UV light may relate to the production of NO by plants in terms of DNA damage, error-prone repair cell cycles, and the multiple mechanisms of programmed cell death. The main aim in this publication is to introduce new theoretical developments and instrumentation for cell biology, to update our understanding of the effects of UV radiation and to evaluate how plants use UV signals to protect against damage and enhance their productivity."

Programmed Cell Death In Plants And Animals

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Author: Josephine Rice
ISBN: 9781634845052
Size: 71.20 MB
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Programmed Cell Death In Plants And Animals by Josephine Rice

Original Title: Programmed Cell Death In Plants And Animals

Both autophagy and programmed cell death (PCD) are fundamental processes of cellular maintenance that are closely interrelated in plant and animal cells under physiological and stressful conditions. Differentiation, immune response, lack of nutrients, and wide range of abiotic factors induce their development and realisation of survival or cell death scenario. Microtubular cytoskeleton is known as one of the principle players in the mediation of PCD/autophagic signals. Chapter One in this book presents an overview of the current knowledge about the role of MTs in PCD- and autophagy-related processes in plants. Chapter Two reviews the mechanisms and consequences of virus interactions with the hotel cell-death machinery, to help understand potentially pathologically relevant consequences that will help in the design of intervention strategies and the development of antiviral therapies. The final chapter discusses the control of the levels of different reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their interaction with hormones and transcriptional factors in relation with programmed cell death in leaves.

Programmed Cell Death In Higher Plants

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Author: E. Lam
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792366775
Size: 34.43 MB
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Programmed Cell Death In Higher Plants by E. Lam

Original Title: Programmed Cell Death In Higher Plants

The molecular mechanisms which determine whether the cells of a multicellular organism will live or commit suicide have become a popular field of research in biology during the last decade. Cell death research in the plant field has also been expanding rapidly in the past 5 years. This special volume of Plant Molecular Biology seeks to bring together examples of a diverse array of experimental approaches in a single volume. From the differentiation of tracheary elements in vascular plants to the more specialized cell death model of the aleurone in cereals, this volume will bring the reader up-to-date with the characterization of different plant model systems that are currently being studied. This endeavor should complement general overviews of plant cell death mechanisms that have been published elsewhere by providing more detailed information on various aspects of this field to interested graduate students and more senior biologists alike.

Biology And Biotechnology Of The Plant Hormone Ethylene Ii

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Author: A.K. Kanellis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792359418
Size: 73.43 MB
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Biology And Biotechnology Of The Plant Hormone Ethylene Ii by A.K. Kanellis

Original Title: Biology And Biotechnology Of The Plant Hormone Ethylene Ii

The rapid advances in elucidating the mechanisms of ethylene perception and synthesis by plants, the signal transduction pathway, and ethylene control in transgenic plants have made the organization of a series of conferences dedicated to the plant hormone ethylene imperative. It is noted here that studies on ethylene have led the way in enhancing our understanding of the biosynthesis of a plant hormone at the biochemical and molecular levels, and future studies should further help in the understanding of the biochemical machinery responsible for the perception and signal transduction of this plant hormone. The purpose of the present Symposium was the critical assessment of the existing knowledge and the exchange of new ideas on the mechanisms of ethylene synthesis, perception and signal transduction, its role in pathogenesis and stress, its involvement in plant growth and development and, lastly, the biotechnological control of its formation and function. This book will be of major interest to all academic, industrial and agricultural researchers as well as advanced undergraduate and graduate students in plant biology, biotechnology, biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology and food science.

Model Systems In Aging

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Author: Heinz D. Osiewacz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540024903
Size: 62.62 MB
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Model Systems In Aging by Heinz D. Osiewacz

Original Title: Model Systems In Aging

Aging is the progressive decline in biological functions over time. This decline targets macromolecules, cells, tissues and, as a consequence, whole organisms. Despite considerable progress in the development of testable hypothesis concerning aging in an evolutionary context, a unifying theory of the molecular/physiological mechanistic causes of aging has not been reached. In fact, is it not clear to what extent aging is a programmed or stochastic process. This book takes the reader from unicellular bacterial deterioration via senescence in fungi and worms to aging in rodents and humans, allowing a comparative view on similarities and differences in different genetic model systems. The different model systems are scrutinized in the light of contemporary aging hypothesis, such as the free radical and genomic instability theories.

Molecular Cell Biology Of The Growth And Differentiation Of Plant Cells

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Author: Ray J. Rose
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315353393
Size: 10.18 MB
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Molecular Cell Biology Of The Growth And Differentiation Of Plant Cells by Ray J. Rose

Original Title: Molecular Cell Biology Of The Growth And Differentiation Of Plant Cells

Molecular Cell Biology of the Growth and Differentiation of Plant Cells encompasses cell division, cell enlargement and differentiation; which is the cellular basis of plant growth and development. Understanding these developmental processes is fundamental for improving plant growth and the production of special plant products, as well as contributing to biological understanding. The dynamics of cells and cellular organelles are considered in the context of growth and differentiation, made possible particularly by advances in molecular genetics and the visualization of organelles using molecular probes. There is now a much clearer understanding of these basic plant processes of cell division, cell enlargement and differentiation. Each chapter provides a current and conceptual view in the context of the cell cycle (6 chapters), cell enlargement (5 chapters) or cell differentiation (9 chapters). The book provides state of the art knowledge (and open questions) set out in a framework that provides a long term reference point. The book is targeted at plant cell biologists, molecular biologists, plant physiologists and biochemists, developmental biologists and those interested in plant growth and development. The book is suitable for those already in the field, plant scientists entering the field and graduate students.

Molecular Genetics Of Host Specific Toxins In Plant Disease

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Author: Keisuke Kohmoto
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401152187
Size: 54.14 MB
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Molecular Genetics Of Host Specific Toxins In Plant Disease by Keisuke Kohmoto

Original Title: Molecular Genetics Of Host Specific Toxins In Plant Disease

For investigators engaged in the study of toxins generally, and host-specific toxins in particular, it is a rare treat to attend a meeting in which toxins involved in plant pathogenesis are emphasized. A gathering of this type provides opportunity to consider the discovery of new toxins, their chemical structures, genes encoding enzymes that control their biosyntheses, their sites of action and physiological effects on plants, and their roles (if any) in pathological processes. Having acknowledged the inspiration fostered by a 'toxin meeting', however, it is important to point out that the program of this symposium was generously sprinkled with 'nontoxin' talks. These contributions generated cross-disciplinary discussion and promoted new ways of thinking about relationships among factors required for plant disease development. The point can be illustrated by considering just one example. We have in the past often regarded diseases mediated by host-specific toxins and diseases involving 'gene-for-gene' relationships as representing two different classes of fungal/plant interaction. This is largely because the key molecular recognition event in so-called 'toxin' diseases leads to compatibility, whereas the corresponding event in 'gene-for-gene' diseases leads to incompatibility. Yet the race specific elicitors produced by the 'gene-for-gene' fungi Cladosporium fulvum (De Wit, Adv. Bot. Res. 21:147- 185, 1995) and Rhynchosporium secalis (Rohe et a1. , EMBO J.

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