Recent Advances In Genomic And Genetic Studies In The Archaea

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Author: Frank T. Robb
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 9782889191192
Size: 27.26 MB
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Recent Advances In Genomic And Genetic Studies In The Archaea by Frank T. Robb


Original Title: Recent Advances In Genomic And Genetic Studies In The Archaea

The accumulation of archaeal genomes has lagged significantly behind the Bacteria; however, in the last several years the coverage of the major phyla of Archaea has been significantly improved. There are now multiple genomes in several important genera such as Pyrobaculum, Sulfolobus, Thermococcus/Pyrococcus, Halobacterium, Methanosarcina, Methanopyrus and Methanocaldococcus. Comparative genomic studies are now under way, and in many cases there are several consortial multilaboratory groups, such as the SulfoSys community, which have started to break into new systems biology initiatives. At the same time, access to streamlined genetic approaches in the genera Sulfolobus, Thermococcus, Methanosarcina, and Halobacterium/Haloferax has improved significantly and is leveraging the genomic information in the Archaea. The result has been that genome-driven studies of metabolism, DNA replication and repair, transcription and translation, and posttranslational processing have become more detailed and that basic research findings are burgeoning. The areas of global gene regulation, the roles of small RNAs and mechanisms of transcription and DNA replication will be focus areas in the guidelines of this Research Topic. Recently, insights into the unique characteristics of archaeal transcription and the ability to study the effects of mutation in vivo following knock-in gene replacement have resulted in incisive findings.

Microbial Population Genetics

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Author: Jianping Xu
Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press
ISBN: 190445559X
Size: 73.90 MB
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Microbial Population Genetics by Jianping Xu


Original Title: Microbial Population Genetics

Microbial population genetics is a rapidly advancing field of investigation with relevance to many areas of science. The subject encompasses theoretical issues, such as the origins and evolution of species, sex, and recombination. Population genetics lays the foundations for tracking the origin and evolution of antibiotic resistance and deadly infectious pathogens and is also an essential tool in the utilization of beneficial microbes. This invaluable book, written by leading researchers in the field, details the current major advances in microbial population genetics and genomics. Distinguished international scientists introduce fundamental concepts, describe genetic tools, and comprehensively review recent data from SNP surveys, whole-genome DNA sequences, and microarray hybridizations. The chapters cover broad groups of microorganisms including viruses, bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, and algae. A major focus is the application of molecular tools in the study of genetic variation. Topics covered include microbial systematics, comparative microbial genomics, horizontal gene transfer, pathogenic bacteria, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, cyanobacteria, microalgae, fungi, malaria parasites, viral pathogens, and metagenomics. Microbial Population Genetics is an essential volume for everyone interested in population genetics, and it is highly recommended reading for all microbiologists.

Archaea

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Author: Roger A. Garrett
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405171480
Size: 23.46 MB
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Archaea by Roger A. Garrett


Original Title: Archaea

Introduced by Crafoord Prize winner Carl Woese, this volume combines reviews of the major developments in archaeal research over the past 10–15 years with more specialized articles dealing with important recent breakthroughs. Drawing on major themes presented at the June 2005 meeting held in Munich to honor the archaea pioneers Wolfram Zillig and Karl O. Stetter, the book provides a thorough survey of the field from its controversial beginnings to its ongoing expansion to include aspects of eukaryotic biology. The editors have assembled articles from the premier researchers in this rapidly burgeoning field, including an account by Carl Woese of his original discovery of the Archaea (until 1990 termed archaebacteria) and the initially mixed reactions of the scientific community. The review chapters and specialized articles address the emerging significance of the Archaea within a broader scientific and technological context, and include accounts of cutting-edge research developments. The book spans archaeal evolution, physiology, and molecular and cellular biology and will be an essential reference for both graduate students and researchers.

Origin And Evolution Of New Gene Functions

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Author: Manyuan Long
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402013966
Size: 13.98 MB
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Origin And Evolution Of New Gene Functions by Manyuan Long


Original Title: Origin And Evolution Of New Gene Functions

Although interest in evolutionary novelties can be that these different mechanisms cooperate in the mak traced back to the time of Darwin, the appreciation ing of new genes. In the second phase of new gene evolution, conventional models of new gene evolution, and systematical experimental pursuit of the origin and evolution of new gene functions did not appear for example by gene duplication, held that the muta until the early years of last decade. Since the 1970s, tions fixed in the early stages of the new genes are Susumu Ohno, Walter Gilbert, and others from the assumed to be neutral or nearly neutral. However, it area of evolutionary genetics have made pioneer ef appears that the force of Darwinian positive selection has been detectably strong from the outset in avail forts to elaborate possibilities for major biological mechanisms, for example, gene duplication and exon able population genetic studies of young genes created through the process of exon recombination. This may shuffling, by which new gene functions could arise. However, the problem of new gene evolution did not account for a common phenomenon in phylogenetic catch significant attention among biologists generally analyses of genes with changed functions: the early even recently. One of the reasons was the lack of ex stages of such genes are usually associated with accel perimental or observational systems for investigating erated substitution rates. Nonetheless, a more general factual details of the 'birth' process of new genes.

Cell Nucleus Structures Advances In Research And Application 2011 Edition

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Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464931518
Size: 70.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Cell Nucleus Structures Advances In Research And Application 2011 Edition by


Original Title: Cell Nucleus Structures Advances In Research And Application 2011 Edition

Cell Nucleus Structures: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Cell Nucleus Structures in a concise format. The editors have built Cell Nucleus Structures: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Cell Nucleus Structures in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Cell Nucleus Structures: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Computational Methods For Understanding Bacterial And Archaeal Genomes

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Author: Ying Xu
Publisher: Imperial College Press
ISBN: 1860949835
Size: 28.62 MB
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Computational Methods For Understanding Bacterial And Archaeal Genomes by Ying Xu


Original Title: Computational Methods For Understanding Bacterial And Archaeal Genomes

Over 500 prokaryotic genomes have been sequenced to date, and thousands more have been planned for the next few years. While these genomic sequence data provide unprecedented opportunities for biologists to study the world of prokaryotes, they also raise extremely challenging issues such as how to decode the rich information encoded in these genomes. This comprehensive volume includes a collection of cohesively written chapters on prokaryotic genomes, their organization and evolution, the information they encode, and the computational approaches needed to derive such information. A comparative view of bacterial and archaeal genomes, and how information is encoded differently in them, is also presented. Combining theoretical discussions and computational techniques, the book serves as a valuable introductory textbook for graduate-level microbial genomics and informatics courses.

Advances In Immune Sera Research And Application 2012 Edition

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Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1481622102
Size: 18.99 MB
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Advances In Immune Sera Research And Application 2012 Edition by


Original Title: Advances In Immune Sera Research And Application 2012 Edition

Advances in Immune Sera Research and Application / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Immune Sera in a compact format. The editors have built Advances in Immune Sera Research and Application / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Immune Sera in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Immune Sera Research and Application / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Alkanes Advances In Research And Application 2011 Edition

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Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464922551
Size: 76.47 MB
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Alkanes Advances In Research And Application 2011 Edition by


Original Title: Alkanes Advances In Research And Application 2011 Edition

Alkanes: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Alkanes. The editors have built Alkanes: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Alkanes in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Alkanes: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

An Introduction To Ecological Genomics

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Author: Nico M. van Straalen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199594686
Size: 78.78 MB
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An Introduction To Ecological Genomics by Nico M. van Straalen


Original Title: An Introduction To Ecological Genomics

The genomics revolution has expanded from its origins in molecular biology to impact upon every discipline in the life sciences, including ecology. This new edition incorporates a balance of plant, animal, and microbial examples, and continues to define the new and exciting field of ecological genomics.

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