Electrophysiology Of Mind

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Author: Michael D. Rugg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198524161
Size: 47.87 MB
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Electrophysiology Of Mind by Michael D. Rugg

Original Title: Electrophysiology Of Mind

This book reviews a productive period of research aimed at connecting brain and mind through the use of scalp-recorded brain potentials to chart the temporal course of information processing in the human brain. The book serves as both as a summary of where we have been and as a pointer of the way ahead.

Cognitive Electrophysiology

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Author: H.-J. Heinze
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817637262
Size: 72.24 MB
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Cognitive Electrophysiology by H.-J. Heinze

Original Title: Cognitive Electrophysiology

MICHAEL S. GAZZANIGA The investigation of the human brain and mind involves a myriad of ap proaches. Cognitive neuroscience has grown out of the appreciation that these approaches have common goals that are separate from other goals in the neural sciences. By identifying cognition as the construct of interest, cognitive neuro science limits the scope of investigation to higher mental functions, while simultaneously tackling the greatest complexity of creation, the human mind. The chapters of this collection have their common thread in cognitive neuroscience. They attack the major cognitive processes using functional stud ies in humans. Indeed, functional measures of human sensation, perception, and cognition are the keystone of much of the neuroscience of cognitive sci ence, and event-related potentials (ERPs) represent a methodological "coming of age" in the study of the intricate temporal characteristics of cognition. Moreover, as the field of cognitive ERPs has matured, the very nature of physiology has undergone a significant revolution. It is no longer sufficient to describe the physiology of non-human primates; one must consider also the detailed knowledge of human brain function and cognition that is now available from functional studies in humans-including the electrophysiological studies in humans described here. Together with functional imaging of the human brain via positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), ERPs fill our quiver with the arrows required to pierce more than the single neuron, but the networks of cognition.

Cognitive Electrophysiology Of Attention

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Author: George R. Mangun
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123984963
Size: 58.73 MB
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Cognitive Electrophysiology Of Attention by George R. Mangun

Original Title: Cognitive Electrophysiology Of Attention

Cognitive Electrophysiology of Attention explores the fundamental mechanisms of attention and related cognitive functions from cognitive neuroscience perspectives. Attention is an essential cognitive ability that enables humans to process and act upon relevant information while ignoring distracting information, and the capacity to focus attention is at the core of mental functioning. Understanding the neural bases of human attention remains a key challenge for neuroscientists and psychologists, and is essential for translational efforts to treat attentional deficits in a variety of neurological and psychiatric disorders. Cognitive electrophysiology is at the center of a multidisciplinary approach that involves the efforts of psychologists, neuroscientists, neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists to identify basic brain mechanisms and develop translational approaches to improve mental health. This edited volume is authored by leading investigators in the field and discusses methods focused on electrophysiological recordings in humans, including electroencephalography (EEG) and event-related potential (ERP) methods, and also incorporates evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Cognitive Electrophysiology of Attention illuminates specific models about attentional mechanisms in vision, audition, multisensory integration, memory, and semantic processing in humans. Provides an exhaustive overview of attention processes, going from normal functioning to the pathological, and using a combination of methodological tools An important reference for electrophysiology researchers looking at underlying attention processes rather than the methods themselves Enables researchers across a broad range of cognitive-process and methodological specialties to stay current on particular hypotheses, findings, and methods Edited and authored by the worldwide leaders in the field, affording the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Handbook Of The Neuropsychology Of Language

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Author: Miriam Faust
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444345885
Size: 70.54 MB
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The Handbook Of The Neuropsychology Of Language by Miriam Faust

Original Title: The Handbook Of The Neuropsychology Of Language

This handbook provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of the relationship between the brain and language, from the perspectives of both basic research and clinical neuroscience. Includes contributions from an international team of leading figures in brain-language research Features a novel emphasis on state-of-the-art methodologies and their application to the central questions in the brain-language relationship Incorporates research on all parts of language, from syntax and semantics to spoken and written language Covers a wide range of issues, including basic level and high level linguistic functions, individual differences, and neurologically intact and different clinical populations

Brain Experience

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Author: C.R. Mukundan
Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
ISBN: 9788126908172
Size: 43.79 MB
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Brain Experience by C.R. Mukundan

Original Title: Brain Experience

The Present Book Deals With The Brain-Mind, Based On The Findings Of Studies Using Functional Neuroimaging, Cognitive Electrophysiological And Clinical Neuropsychological Techniques. The Meta-Analysis Draws On The Emergence Of The Mind From The Brain And The Control Of Mental Activities By The Neural Systems. Nevertheless, Interpretations That Determine The Contents Of Processing And Their Qualitative Judgements Are Not Limited By The Brain Or The Realities Of The World. It Is Possible To Create A Subjective World, Which Is Not In Conformity With Objective Realities. The Environment Controls The Brain And The Brain Has Learnt To Internalize Such Controls And Selectively Use Them For Dealing With Various Environmental Exigencies. The Human Brain Has Further Learnt To Self-Define Purposes, Goals, Self-Programme And Perform Actions For Achieving The Self-Defined Goals, And Has Become Increasingly Independent Of The Environmental Controls.Development Of Language Skills In The Brain Has Led To Extensive Verbal Transcoding Of Perceptions, Responses, Actions, Emotions, And Experiences, As Well As To The Creation Of New Relationships At The Conceptual And Reality Levels. The Same Neural Functional Systems Monitor The Process Of Creation Of Thoughts, The Mental Imageries, And Their Contents, Which In Turn Has Led To The Emergence Of Awareness Of The Processes And Contents Of The Transcoding. Experience Is A Product Of Sensory-Motor Events, Emotions, Their Cognitive Interpretations, And Awareness. Despite The Possibilities And The Presence Of Erroneous As Well As Out Of Reality Interpretations, Experience Offers The Highest Levels Of Personal Contact With Reality, Which Makes Man Crave And Explore For It.The Present Book Is Thus A Comprehensive Study On Brain-Mind And It Is Hoped That It Will Prove Useful And Interesting To The Students, Researchers, And Teachers Of Neuropsychology. The Detailed References Included In The Book Will Facilitate Pursuing The Studies Further. Its Language And Approach To The Subject Matter Is Reader-Friendly And Easily Comprehensible.

An Electrophysiological Correlate Of Figure Ground Organization In Human Visual Cortex

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Author: Joseph Lloyd Brooks
Size: 48.67 MB
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An Electrophysiological Correlate Of Figure Ground Organization In Human Visual Cortex by Joseph Lloyd Brooks

Original Title: An Electrophysiological Correlate Of Figure Ground Organization In Human Visual Cortex

Figure-ground organization plays a critical role in determining perceived shape and relative depth along edges in visual scenes. This is probably best exemplified by the well-known ambiguous faces-vase drawing, which can be seen either as two faces looking at one another or a single vase in the center of the drawing. The shapes that are perceived differ substantially depending on figure-ground assignment. Most research regarding figure-ground organization involves analyzing observers' responses about the end result of figure-ground organization, i.e., the shapes that they perceived. However, the intermediate states of shape representation figure prominently in some theories of figure-ground organization. The present work developed a new, high temporal resolution neural measure that reflects the figure-ground status of image regions from image onset through behavioral response. The measure uses the steady state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) in the human electroencephalogram (EEG). Figural regions in the display flickered at one frequency while ground regions flickered at a second frequency. The neural representation of each region was reflected by the power in the corresponding frequency band in the EEG. Three experiments demonstrated stronger SSVEP power to figural regions than ground regions. This modulation of the SSVEP by figure-ground organization was dissociated from effects of attention related to figural status by using an instructional manipulation to orthogonally manipulate these two factors. The SSVEP related to attention showed a different time-course and distribution on the scalp than the SSVEP related to figural status. Finally, the time-course of the neural response was correlated with the response time of observers to make a figure-ground judgment. The results suggest that the SSVEP can be used to provide a high temporal resolution measure of the intermediate states of figure and ground representations in human visual cortex.

The Limits Of Dream

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Author: J. F. Pagel
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080559605
Size: 54.79 MB
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The Limits Of Dream by J. F. Pagel

Original Title: The Limits Of Dream

The Limits of Dream focuses on what we currently know of the human central nervous system (CNS), examining the basic sciences of neurochemisty, neuroanatomy, and CNS electrophysiology as these sciences apply to dream, then reaching beyond basic science to examine the cognitive science of dreaming including the processes of memory, the perceptual interface, and visual imagery. Building on what is known of intrapersonal CNS processing, the book steps outside the physical body to explore artificially created dreams and their use in filmmaking, art and story, as well as the role of dreaming in creative process and creative “madness. The limits of our scientific knowledge of dream frame this window that can be used to explore the border between body and mind. What is known scientifically of the cognitive process of dreaming will lead the neuroscientist, the student of cognitive science, and the general reader down different paths than expected into an exploration of the fuzzy and complex horizon between mind and brain. * The clearest presentation of research and philosophy currently available relating to the mind/brain interface * Discusses the cognitive processes of dreaming utilized in film and artificial intelligence * Describes the functioning of dream in the creative process

Brain And Music

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Author: Stefan Koelsch
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119943116
Size: 28.38 MB
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Brain And Music by Stefan Koelsch

Original Title: Brain And Music

A comprehensive survey of the latest neuroscientific research into the effects of music on the brain Covers a variety of topics fundamental for music perception, including musical syntax, musical semantics, music and action, music and emotion Includes general introductory chapters to engage a broad readership, as well as a wealth of detailed research material for experts Offers the most empirical (and most systematic) work on the topics of neural correlates of musical syntax and musical semantics Integrates research from different domains (such as music, language, action and emotion both theoretically and empirically, to create a comprehensive theory of music psychology

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